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[[Spain|Spain]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Spain Provinces|Spain Provinces]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Vizcaya|Vizcaya]]  
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| link1=[[Spain Genealogy|Spain]]
=== Getting started with research in Vizcaya ===
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| link2=[[Autonomous Community of Pais Vasco, Spain Genealogy|Pais Vasco]]
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| link5=[[{{PAGENAME}}|Vizcaya Province]]
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Guide to '''Vizcaya Province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
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{{Spain-sidebar}}
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{| style="float:right"
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| style="padding-right:0px"|
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[[Image:SP Locator Map Spain Vizcaya.png|thumb|<center>Vizcaya Province</center>]]
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|}
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{|
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|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Spain Online Genealogy Records]]</span>
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|<span class="community_button">[[FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups|Ask the <br>Community]]</span></div>
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|}
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<br>
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__TOC__
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<br>
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Vizcaya will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
 +
 
 +
== History ==  
 +
Biscay (Spanish: ''Vizcaya''; Basque: ''Bizkaia'') is a province of Spain and was included in the newly created Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Spanish: ''País Vasco'') in 1979 along with the provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa. It lies on the south shore of the Bay of Biscay. The provincial capital is the city of Bilbao. The province is divided into 111 municipalities.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Biscay," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biscay (accessed September 21, 2020).</ref>
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 +
==Place Names==
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 +
When conducting research in Vizcaya, you will find on many websites that the town names are written in Basque, not in Spanish. There is a tool that will help you convert the town names and give you a link to the FamilySearch Catalog entry for the Catholic Church parish records. [[Vizcaya_Town_Names|Click here]] to visit the tool.
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==Civil Registration==
  
Welcome to the Vizcaya page! Vizcaya is a province in Spain which also belongs to the [[Autonomous Community of Pais Vasco|autonomous community of País Vasco]]. FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Vizcaya page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Please visit the [[Help:Contributor Help|Contributor Help]] page to learn more about using the site. The Spain page is a work in progress, your contributions and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
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*Spanish civil registration records (government birth certificates, marriage certificates, and death certificates) began in 1871.
  
New! Join a Genealogy Research Community on [https://www.facebook.com/pages/Spain-Genealogy-Research-Community/227145867354657 Facebook] or [[Join a Skype Research Community#Europe|Skype]]
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*Births, marriages, and deaths were recorded by the local '''''Juzgado de la Paz''''', or '''''Oficinia del Registro Civil'''''. The records are still housed in their local municpal archives. In addition,  Spain does have a '''national index or central repository for civil registration'''.<br>
  
See the tutorials at FamilySearch Learning Center on ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 "Reading Spanish Handwritten Records"] ''and understanding''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/spanish-script-tutorial/92 "Spanish Script"]''.  
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*Some ''municipios'' (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.<br>
  
=== Si usted entiende español  ===
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*Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the [[Spain Gazetteers|'''Spain Gazetteers''']] article. <br>
  
Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de México en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí. Véase el enlace en la parte inferior de la página.
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'''Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:'''
  
=== Research Tools  ===
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===1. Online Civil Registration Records===
  
*[[Spanish Letter Writing Guide|Letter Writing Guide]]
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Search [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list/?ec=region%3AEUROPE&cqs=spain '''FamilySearch Historical Records'''] and the [[Vizcaya,_Spain_Genealogy#2._Microfilmed_Civil_Registration_Records_in_the_FamilySearch_Catalog|'''FamilySearch Catalog''']] for Vizcaya to see if there are online civil registration records for this area.  If no records are available, order a certificate from the [[Vizcaya,_Spain_Genealogy#4._Ordering_Certificates_From_the_Ministerio_de_Justicia|'''Ministerio de Justicia''']] or write to the [[Vizcaya,_Spain_Genealogy#5._Writing_to_the_Civil_Registry_of_a_Municipality|'''Municipality Civil Registry Office''']].
*[[Spanish Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Spain.pdf BYU Research Outline for Spain]
 
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927167 records collections for Spain] available on FamilySearch.org.
 
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''  
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===2. Microfilmed Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog===
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{|
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|-
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|[[File:Icon-warning.png|75px]]
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|
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'''Microfilmed copies of Civil Registration records are often available and are being digitized for online access in the FamilySearch Catalog. Some images can only be viewed at a family history center. Find your closest [https://www.familysearch.org/help/fhcenters/locations/ Family History Center.]'''<br>
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'''To search the FamilySearch Catalog:'''
 +
|}
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:::a. Click on this link to see a list of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=130559&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Spain%2C%20Vizcaya%22 '''records for Spain, Vizcaya'''].
 +
:::b. Click on '''"Places within Spain, Vizcaya"''' and a list of towns and cities will open.
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:::c. Click on the '''town or city''' you wish to search.
 +
:::d. Click on '''"Civil Registration"''' topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
 +
:::e. Choose the correct '''event and time period''' for your ancestor.
 +
:::f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. [[File:FHL icons.png|75px]]  The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.
  
*[[Spain Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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===3. Basque Country===
*[[Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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*[https://www.justizia.eus/registro-civil/texto?idTexto=1241022243166 '''Registro Civil'''] will allow you to order a birth, marriage, or death certificate from any municipality in the Basque Country (provinces of Alava, Guipuzcoa, and Vizcaya).
*[[Spain Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Catholic Church Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records]])
 
*[[Spain, Consular Records of Spaniard Emigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Consular Records of Spaniard Emigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Spain Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Spain Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Spain, Municipal Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Spain, Pension Records of Widows and Orphans of Spanish Officials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Pension Records of Widows and Orphans of Spanish Officials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
  
=== Featured Content  ===
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===4. Ordering Certificates From the Ministerio de Justicia===
  
See the tutorials at FamilySearch Learning Center on ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 "Reading Spanish Handwritten Records"] ''and understanding''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/spanish-script-tutorial/92 "Spanish Script"]''.  
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*Researchers can solicit the [https://sede.mjusticia.gob.es/en '''Ministerio de Justicia'''] online for copies of certificates.
 +
*For detailed information on how to order these records online, please see the article [[Order Spain Vital Records Online|'''Order Spain Vital Records Online''']]. It will take you through the process step by step, and includes translation of terms you will find in that process.<br>
  
=== Websites  ===
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===5. Writing to the Civil Registry of a Municipality===
 +
'''NOTE:''' All lines of the ''international'' delivery address should appear in all capital letters. If possible, the address should have no more than five lines. For more information see [https://pe.usps.com/text/imm/immc1_008.htm '''USPS International Mail Manual'''].<br>
  
*[[Geneanet]]
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*'''''Juzgado de la Paz''''' (Court of Peace) or '''''Oficina Registro Civil '''''(Civil Registry Office) should be contacted if the online request for the certificate copy to the Ministerio de Justicia fails.
*[[Queen Anne's War 1702 to 1713|Queen Anne's War]]
 
*[http://hispanicgenealogy.blogspot.com Hispanic Genealogy Blog]
 
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/spain/index.html Spain Genealogy Links]
 
*[http://genealogy.about.com/od/spain/ Spanish Genealogy &amp; Family History]
 
*[http://www.genealogyspot.com/country/spain.htm GenealogySpot: Spain]
 
*[http://genforum.genealogy.com/spain/ Spanish Genealogy Forum]
 
*[http://script.byu.edu/spanish/en/welcome.aspx Spanish Script Tutorial]
 
*[http://members.aol.com/balboanet/spain/ Spain]
 
*[http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#Iberia Directory of Royal Genealogical Data]
 
*[[Spain Websites|Spain Websites]]
 
  
=== Things You Can Do  ===
+
* '''The complete address for the Civil Registry Office, including the postal code and other contact information''' for the towns/cities listed on the [https://www.mjusticia.gob.es/BUSCADIR/ServletControlador?lang=es_es&apartado=buscadorMunicipios&URL_ORIGEN=&origen=G&tipo=RC&provincia=48 '''Registro Civil—Municipios for the Province of Vizcaya''']  (Civil Registry—Municipalities) page appears after you select the town/city. Write or email a ''brief request in Spanish'' for the certificate copy using the address formats shown below.
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:  
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* ''The site has an error'' (at this time) with the superscript for the civil registry address with this designator: '''REGISTRO CIVIL N? 1'''. The address correction is shown in the last column of the table:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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<p style="padding-top:.5px;">
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{| style="vertical-align: center; width:82%; border:1px solid gray; margin-left:25px;"|
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|-
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!style="border:1px solid gray; width:33.3%; background-color:#CFF3FF; padding:3px;"|
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''Address Format''
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! style=" border:1px solid gray; width:33.3%; background-color:#CFF3FF; padding:3px"|
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''Example for the city, Abadiño''
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! style=" border:1px solid gray; width:33.3%; background-color:#CFF3FF; padding:3px"|
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''Address Correction Example, Arakaldo''
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| style="vertical-align: top; border:1px solid gray;padding-top:10px;padding-bottom:10px" |
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
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:'''OFICINA REGISTRO CIVIL'''
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
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:'''(DIRECCIÓN=STREET ADDRESS)'''
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
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:'''[https://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp?st=Basque%20Country (Código Postal=postal code)](LOCALIDAD=CITY)'''
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
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:'''BIZKAIA'''
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]] .
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:'''ESPAÑA'''
  
 +
:Tel.: +34 (9 digit phone#)
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:Fax: +34 (9 digit Fax#)
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:Email: (email address)
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 +
| style="vertical-align: top; border:1px solid gray; padding-top:10px;padding-bottom:10px"|
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:'''OFICINA REGISTRO CIVIL'''
 +
:'''PLAZA EZKURDI, S/N'''
 +
:'''48200 DURANGO'''
 +
:'''BIZKAIA'''
 +
:'''ESPAÑA'''
 +
 +
:Tel.: +34 946 030 062
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:Fax: +34 946 030 080
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:Email: 480124001@justizia.eus
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 +
| style="vertical-align: top; border:1px solid gray; padding-top:10px;padding-bottom:10px"|
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:'''REGISTRO CIVIL Nº 1'''
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:'''BARROETA ALDAMAR, 10'''
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:'''48001 BILBAO'''
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:'''BIZKAIA'''
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:'''ESPAÑA'''
 +
 +
:Tel.: +34 944 016 710
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:Fax: +34 944 016 988
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:Email: 480424001@justizia.eus
 
|}
 
|}
 +
</p>
 +
 +
<p style="padding-top:.5px "></p>
 +
*'''Write a brief request to the proper office'''. Send the following:
 +
**Full name and the sex of the person sought.
 +
**Names of the parents, if known.
 +
**Approximate date and place of the event.
 +
**Your relationship to the person.
 +
**Reason for the request (family history, medical, etc.).
 +
**Request for a photocopy of the complete original record.
 +
**Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).
 +
 +
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' The [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide]''' will help you with organizing your letter and phrasing your requests in Spanish using the translated questions and phrases.
  
{{H-langs|en=Spain Province of Vizcaya|es=Vizcaya}}
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==Catholic Church Records==
  
Return to [[Spain Provinces|Spain Provinces]] page __NOTOC__
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*Catholicism's roots extend deep into Spain's history. '''Parish and diocesan records''' created by the Catholic Church in Spain have long been considered some of the richest genealogical records in the world. Ever since the Council of Trent, Catholic parish records have been consistently recorded, '''usually providing three generations in a single baptismal entry. '''
</div> <!--All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen--> <div style="width: 24%; float: left">
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{| border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="background: rgb(255,255,240)"
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*The vast majority of Spaniards are Catholic, and so almost every Spaniard can be found in the records of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was the '''primary record keeper of births, marriages, and deaths, until civil registration started in 1869.'''
|-
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| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" | '''Beginners Corner'''
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*Some church records have been lost or have deteriorated due natural disasters such as fire, flood, and earthquakes. Civil and political strife has also caused record loss, including during time of the Spanish Civil War.
|-
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| align="left" style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" |
+
*The Catholic Church has created several different records. The ''most used in genealogical research'' include: baptisms ('''bautizos, bautismos'''), marriages ('''matrimonios'''), and burials ('''entierros, defunciones, fallecimientos'''). Other records include: confirmations ('''confimaciones''') and pre-marriage investigations ('''expedientes matrimoniales, información matrimonial''').
*[[Spain Getting Started|Getting Started]]
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*[[Spain Locating Place of Origin|Locating Place of Origin]]
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*'''Tip: '''If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.
*[[Spain Finding Records|Finding Records]]
+
 
*[[Spain Resources|Spanish Resources]]
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===1. Online Church Records===
 +
 
 +
*[http://dokuklik.snae.org '''Dokuklik:'''] Has online parish indexes for the three provinces of the Basque Country - Alava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya.
 +
*[http://www.antzinako.org '''Antzinako:'''] A site for the Basque region of Spain with some records extracted. The record collections are not complete.<br>
  
|-
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*'''1501-1900''' - [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10729/spain-bilbao-diocese-catholic-parish-records-1501-1900?utm_source=organic_blog&utm_medium=blog&utm_campaign=supersearch&tr_funnel=supersearch&tr_country=US&tr_creative=oct19historicalrecords&utm_content=oct19historicalrecords '''Spain, Bilbao Diocese, Catholic Parish Records''', 1501-1900] at [https://www.myheritage.com/ My Heritage] — index and images, ($)
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
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*'''1538-1985''' - {{RecordSearch|2078544|'''Spain, Santander, Catholic Church Records''', 1538-1985}} (includes Vizcaya) at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index, incomplete.<br>
|-
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*'''1538-1985''' - {{RecordSearch|2078544|'''Spain, Santander, Catholic Church Records''', 1538-1985|access=browse}} (includes Vizcaya) at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — browsable images, incomplete.
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "News and Events" items below--> <br>
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%" |
 
*[[Vizcaya Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Biography|Biographies]]  
 
*[[Vizcaya Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Census|Census]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Catholic Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Civil Registration - Vital Records|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Dwellings|Dwellings]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Ethnic Groups|Ethnic Groups]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Vizcaya History|History]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Maps|Maps]]  
 
*[[Vizcaya Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Notarial Records|Notarial Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Occupations|Occupations]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Population|Population]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Schools|Schools]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Vizcaya Timeline|Timeline]]
 
  
 +
===2. Microfilmed Church Records in the FamilySearch Catalog===
 +
{|
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
+
|[[File:Icon-warning.png|75px]]
|-
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|
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "Did You Know?" items below--> <br>
+
'''Microfilmed copies of Church records are often available and are being digitized for online access in the FamilySearch Catalog. Some images can only be viewed at a family history center. Find your closest [https://www.familysearch.org/help/fhcenters/locations/ Family History Center.]'''<br>
 +
'''To search the FamilySearch Catalog:'''
 
|}
 
|}
 +
:::a. Click on this link to see a list of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=130559&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Spain%2C%20Vizcaya%22 '''records for Spain, Vizcaya'''].
 +
:::b. Click on '''"Places within Spain, Vizcaya"''' and a list of towns and cities will open.
 +
:::c. Click on the '''town or city''' you wish to search.
 +
:::d. Click on '''"Church Records"''' topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
 +
:::e. Choose the correct '''event and time period''' for your ancestor.
 +
:::f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. [[File:FHL icons.png|75px]]  The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.
 +
 +
===3. Writing to Request Catholic Church Records===
 +
 +
'''NOTE:''' All lines of the ''international'' delivery address should appear in all capital letters. If possible, the address should have no more than five lines. For more information see [https://pe.usps.com/text/imm/immc1_008.htm '''USPS International Mail Manual'''].<br>
 +
 +
*Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by '''contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives''' in Spain.  Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. '''''This method is not always reliable.  Officials may or may not respond.'''''
 +
 +
*The '''Province of Vizcaya ''' in the País Vasco Autonomous Community is in the [https://www.conferenciaepiscopal.es/diocesis-de-bilbao/ '''Diócesis de Bilbao''']. Write or telephone to inquire whether the diocese holds the parish records:
 +
 +
<p style="padding-top:.5px;">
 +
:'''EXCMO. SR. OBISPO DE BILBAO'''<br>
 +
:'''CALLE VIRGEN DE BEGOÑA, 38'''<br>
 +
:'''48006 BILBAO'''<br>
 +
:'''BIZKAIA'''<br>
 +
:'''ESPAÑA'''<br>
 +
 +
:Tel.: +34 944 667 979 <br>
 +
:Fax: +34 944 667 971 <br>
 +
:Email: gotzainidaz@bizkeliza.org <br>
 +
</p>
 +
 +
<p style="padding-top:.5px "></p>
 +
*'''When requesting information''', be brief and write the request in Spanish. Please include the following:<br>
 +
**Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
 +
**Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
 +
**Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
 +
**Approximate date and place of the event
 +
**Your relationship to the ancestor
 +
**Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
 +
**Request for a photocopy of the complete original record<br>
 +
 +
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' The [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide]''' will help you with organizing your letter and phrasing your requests in Spanish using the translated questions and phrases.
 +
 +
==Reading the Records==
 +
 +
*You do not have to be fluent in Spanish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Spanish Genealogical Word List|'''Spanish Genealogical Word List''']] to translate the important points in the document.  Reading handwriting skills are taught in the [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-spanish-documents-pages/sp-overview(english) '''BYU Spanish Script Tutorial'''].
 +
 +
*Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:
 +
 +
:*{{LearningCenter2|203|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 1'''}}
 +
:*{{LearningCenter2|206|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2'''}}
 +
:*{{LearningCenter2|207|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3'''}}
 +
 +
*Detailed instructions for reading Spanish records, examples of common documents, and practice exercises for developing skills in translating them can be found in the [[Spanish Records Extraction Manual|'''Spanish Records Extraction Manual.''']]
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-spanish-documents-pages/sp-overview(english) '''The Spanish Documents Script Tutorial'''] also provides lessons and examples.<br>
 +
 +
=== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ===
 +
 +
Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.
 +
 +
*Search for the '''birth record''' of the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the '''births of his brothers and sisters'''.
 +
*Then, search for the '''marriage of his parents.''' The marriage record will often help you find the '''birth records of the parents.'''
 +
*You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
 +
*Search the '''death registers for all family members.'''
 +
*Then '''repeat the process''' for both the father and the mother.
 +
*If earlier generations are not in the record, '''search neighboring parishes. '''
 +
 +
== References ==
 +
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Latest revision as of 09:37, 20 February 2021

Guide to Vizcaya Province ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Spain Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
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Vizcaya Province
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Most of your genealogical research for Vizcaya will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.

History

Biscay (Spanish: Vizcaya; Basque: Bizkaia) is a province of Spain and was included in the newly created Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Spanish: País Vasco) in 1979 along with the provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa. It lies on the south shore of the Bay of Biscay. The provincial capital is the city of Bilbao. The province is divided into 111 municipalities.[1]

Place Names

When conducting research in Vizcaya, you will find on many websites that the town names are written in Basque, not in Spanish. There is a tool that will help you convert the town names and give you a link to the FamilySearch Catalog entry for the Catholic Church parish records. Click here to visit the tool.

Civil Registration

  • Spanish civil registration records (government birth certificates, marriage certificates, and death certificates) began in 1871.
  • Births, marriages, and deaths were recorded by the local Juzgado de la Paz, or Oficinia del Registro Civil. The records are still housed in their local municpal archives. In addition, Spain does have a national index or central repository for civil registration.
  • Some municipios (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.
  • Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the Spain Gazetteers article.

Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:

1. Online Civil Registration Records

Search FamilySearch Historical Records and the FamilySearch Catalog for Vizcaya to see if there are online civil registration records for this area. If no records are available, order a certificate from the Ministerio de Justicia or write to the Municipality Civil Registry Office.

2. Microfilmed Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Icon-warning.png

Microfilmed copies of Civil Registration records are often available and are being digitized for online access in the FamilySearch Catalog. Some images can only be viewed at a family history center. Find your closest Family History Center.
To search the FamilySearch Catalog:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Spain, Vizcaya.
b. Click on "Places within Spain, Vizcaya" and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on "Civil Registration" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

3. Basque Country

  • Registro Civil will allow you to order a birth, marriage, or death certificate from any municipality in the Basque Country (provinces of Alava, Guipuzcoa, and Vizcaya).

4. Ordering Certificates From the Ministerio de Justicia

  • Researchers can solicit the Ministerio de Justicia online for copies of certificates.
  • For detailed information on how to order these records online, please see the article Order Spain Vital Records Online. It will take you through the process step by step, and includes translation of terms you will find in that process.

5. Writing to the Civil Registry of a Municipality

NOTE: All lines of the international delivery address should appear in all capital letters. If possible, the address should have no more than five lines. For more information see USPS International Mail Manual.

  • Juzgado de la Paz (Court of Peace) or Oficina Registro Civil (Civil Registry Office) should be contacted if the online request for the certificate copy to the Ministerio de Justicia fails.
  • The complete address for the Civil Registry Office, including the postal code and other contact information for the towns/cities listed on the Registro Civil—Municipios for the Province of Vizcaya (Civil Registry—Municipalities) page appears after you select the town/city. Write or email a brief request in Spanish for the certificate copy using the address formats shown below.
  • The site has an error (at this time) with the superscript for the civil registry address with this designator: REGISTRO CIVIL N? 1. The address correction is shown in the last column of the table:

Address Format

Example for the city, Abadiño

Address Correction Example, Arakaldo

OFICINA REGISTRO CIVIL
(DIRECCIÓN=STREET ADDRESS)
(Código Postal=postal code)(LOCALIDAD=CITY)
BIZKAIA
ESPAÑA
Tel.: +34 (9 digit phone#)
Fax: +34 (9 digit Fax#)
Email: (email address)
OFICINA REGISTRO CIVIL
PLAZA EZKURDI, S/N
48200 DURANGO
BIZKAIA
ESPAÑA
Tel.: +34 946 030 062
Fax: +34 946 030 080
Email: 480124001@justizia.eus
REGISTRO CIVIL Nº 1
BARROETA ALDAMAR, 10
48001 BILBAO
BIZKAIA
ESPAÑA
Tel.: +34 944 016 710
Fax: +34 944 016 988
Email: 480424001@justizia.eus

  • Write a brief request to the proper office. Send the following:
    • Full name and the sex of the person sought.
    • Names of the parents, if known.
    • Approximate date and place of the event.
    • Your relationship to the person.
    • Reason for the request (family history, medical, etc.).
    • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record.
    • Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).

Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. The Spanish Letter-writing Guide will help you with organizing your letter and phrasing your requests in Spanish using the translated questions and phrases.

Catholic Church Records

  • Catholicism's roots extend deep into Spain's history. Parish and diocesan records created by the Catholic Church in Spain have long been considered some of the richest genealogical records in the world. Ever since the Council of Trent, Catholic parish records have been consistently recorded, usually providing three generations in a single baptismal entry.
  • The vast majority of Spaniards are Catholic, and so almost every Spaniard can be found in the records of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was the primary record keeper of births, marriages, and deaths, until civil registration started in 1869.
  • Some church records have been lost or have deteriorated due natural disasters such as fire, flood, and earthquakes. Civil and political strife has also caused record loss, including during time of the Spanish Civil War.
  • The Catholic Church has created several different records. The most used in genealogical research include: baptisms (bautizos, bautismos), marriages (matrimonios), and burials (entierros, defunciones, fallecimientos). Other records include: confirmations (confimaciones) and pre-marriage investigations (expedientes matrimoniales, información matrimonial).
  • Tip: If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.

1. Online Church Records

  • Dokuklik: Has online parish indexes for the three provinces of the Basque Country - Alava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya.
  • Antzinako: A site for the Basque region of Spain with some records extracted. The record collections are not complete.

2. Microfilmed Church Records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Icon-warning.png

Microfilmed copies of Church records are often available and are being digitized for online access in the FamilySearch Catalog. Some images can only be viewed at a family history center. Find your closest Family History Center.
To search the FamilySearch Catalog:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Spain, Vizcaya.
b. Click on "Places within Spain, Vizcaya" and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on "Church Records" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

3. Writing to Request Catholic Church Records

NOTE: All lines of the international delivery address should appear in all capital letters. If possible, the address should have no more than five lines. For more information see USPS International Mail Manual.

  • Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives in Spain. Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. This method is not always reliable. Officials may or may not respond.
  • The Province of Vizcaya in the País Vasco Autonomous Community is in the Diócesis de Bilbao. Write or telephone to inquire whether the diocese holds the parish records:

EXCMO. SR. OBISPO DE BILBAO
CALLE VIRGEN DE BEGOÑA, 38
48006 BILBAO
BIZKAIA
ESPAÑA
Tel.: +34 944 667 979
Fax: +34 944 667 971
Email: gotzainidaz@bizkeliza.org

  • When requesting information, be brief and write the request in Spanish. Please include the following:
    • Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
    • Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
    • Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
    • Approximate date and place of the event
    • Your relationship to the ancestor
    • Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
    • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record

Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. The Spanish Letter-writing Guide will help you with organizing your letter and phrasing your requests in Spanish using the translated questions and phrases.

Reading the Records

  • You do not have to be fluent in Spanish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Spanish Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document. Reading handwriting skills are taught in the BYU Spanish Script Tutorial.
  • Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:

Tips for finding your ancestor in the records

Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.

  • Search for the birth record of the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
  • Then, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
  • Search the death registers for all family members.
  • Then repeat the process for both the father and the mother.
  • If earlier generations are not in the record, search neighboring parishes.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Biscay," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biscay (accessed September 21, 2020).