Superintendencies of Indian Affairs

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Superintendents of Indian Affairs for a specific locality existed from approximately 1803 until 1878, when the last Superintendency was abolished. After 1878, agents of the Bureau of Indian Affairs reported directly to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.

A Superintendent of Indian Affairs was an administrator, communicating and overseeing the agents who worked directly with individual tribes. It was the responsibility of the superintendent to see that the agents were following official government policy. Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Chart of Superintendencies Listed by Date of Creation[edit | edit source]






NARA# FHLC First Film Rolls
 Arkansa    Superintendency  1824-1834

Tribes: Cherokee, Quapaw, Choctaw, Osage, Shawnee, Caddo and Delaware

1825 & 1826 Quapaw removed to Caddo or Red River Agency

1834 Most Indians had been removed from Arkansas

1834 Indians west of Arkansas were place under the new Western Superintendency (Cherokee, Choctaw, Quapaw and others)

Florida Superintendency 1824-1853

Tribes: Seminole

Agency: Seminole or Florida 

Subagency: Apalachicola

Michigan Superintendency 1824-1851

Tribes: Chippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Menominee, Winnebago, Wyandot, Seneca, Shawnee, Delaware, Miami, Oneida, Stockbridge, Munsee and Ottawa of Maumee

1832-1834 The Six Nations of New York were attached to the Michigan Superintendency

  75  M1 1604649 71 rolls
Iowa Superindency 1838-1849

Tribes Sac and Fox

1845 Sauk and Fox moved to the Osage River west of Missouri (now Kansas).

Western Superindency 1832-1851

Tribes: Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek, Osage, Seneca and Mixed Band of Seneca  and Shawnee, Quapaw, Seminole Chickasaw, Caddo, Kiowa Camanche and others

1839 Chickaswa moved west - Oklahoma

  75 M640 1602871 22
Wisconsin Superindency 1836-1848

Tribes: Sauk and Fox, Winnebago, Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge, Munsee, Sioux and  Iowa 

  75 M951 1618086 4 rolls
California Superindency 1849-1880

Tribes: Tejon, Tule (Tularenos) Mono, Kern River (Tubatulabal), Wikchamni, Nomelaki, Kings River, Fresno, Kawia, Nuimok,  Noi-sas, Wailaki, Yupu, Yuki, Klamath, Hupa, Saia, Mattole, Pit River, Redwood (Whilkut), Wappo, Yokaia (Ukiah), Kianamaras, Pomo, Salan Pomo (Potter), Concow (Konkau) and Mission Indians.

Minnesota Superindency 1849-1856 Tribes: Sioux, Chippewa, Winnebago, Assiniboin and Mandan   75 M872 / 842 1618093 9 rolls
New Mexico Superindency 1849-1880 Tribes: Navajo, Southern Apache, Utrah (Ute), Abiquiu (Ute and Jicarilla Apache), Conejos (Tabaquache Ute) Pueblo, Tuscon (Pima, Papago, Maricopa and Apache), Cimarron (Jicarilla Apache and Moache Ute) and Mescalero    75 T21 1617620 30 rolls
Oregon Superindency 1842-1880 Tribes: Umpaqua, Umitilla, Caysue, Wallawalla, Wasco. Shoshoni (Snake), Kalapuya, Clackamas, Rogue River, Warm Springs, Shasta, Klamath, Modoc, Paiute, Tenion, Nez Perce, Molala, Yamel, Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chastacosta, Chetco and Bannock   75 M2 1617787 29 rolls
Utah Superindency 1849-1880

1853-1870                                                                            Tribes: Ute, Shoshoni, Bannock, Paiute and Washo

  75 M834 1025139 2 rolls
Central Superindency 1813,1851-1880 Tribes: Delaware, Shawnee, Wyandot, Kickapoo, Kansa, Sauk and Fox (of Mississippi and Missouri), Iowa, Patawatomi, Chippewa, Ottawa, Munsee, Peoria, Wea, Kaskaskia, Piankeshaw, Miami, Oto, Missouri, Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, Kowa, Apache (Kiowa-Apache), Camanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Sioux and others   75 M856 1602893 108 rolls
Northern Superindency 1851-1876

Tribes: Chippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge, Mackinac, Omaha, Pawnee, Otoe (Oto and Missouri Indians), Great Nemaha (Sauk and Fox of Missiour and Iowa) and Winnebago 

1863 many of the Winnebago and Sioux Indians moved to Dakota Territory

  75 M1166 1490921 35 rolls
Southern Superindency 1851-1871

Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, Seminole, Quapaw, Seneca and Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee, and Osage Indians of southern Kansas, Wichita and Kichai.

In 1859 Caddo, Anadarko, Waco Thokawa, Hainai, Kichai, Tawakoni, Delaware, Shawnee and Comanche Indians were moved from Texas to Wichita Agency in Indian Territory

1861-1864 Indians loyal to U.S. fled to Kansas, after the Civil War the Indians began to return to Indian territory.

  75 M640 1602878 22 rolls
Washington Superindency 1853-1880 Tribes: Makah, Skokomish, Yakima, Colville, Puyallup, Tulalip, Nisqualli, Nez perce, Flathead, Spokan, Pend d'Oreille, Cayuse, Paloos, Wallawalla, Quinaielt, Blackfeet, Chehalix, Chilkat, Chinook, Clackamas, Clallam, Lake, Klikitat, Coeur d'Alene, Cowlitz. Dwamish, Lummi, Muckleshoot, Quileute, Quaitso (Queet), Squaxon and Swinomish   75 M5 1637277 26 rolls
Colorado Superindency 1861-1880
Dakota Superindency 1861-1880 Bands of Sioux: Hunkpapa, Oglala, Yankton, Blackfee, Brule, Sisseton, Wahpeton, Yanktonai, San Arcs, Miniconjou, Two Kettles (Oohenonpa), Cut Head (Pabaska) and Santee   75 M1016 1549631 13 rolls
Idaho Superindency 1863-1880 Tribes: Nez Perce, Shoshone, Bannock, Coeur d'Alene, Kutenai, Pend d'Oreille and Spokan   75 M832 1580047 3 rolls
Montana Superindency 1864-1880 Tribes:  Blackfeet, Piegan, Blood (Kainah), Grosventre, Flathead, Kutenai, Pend d'Oreille, Crow, Assiniboin and Bands of Sioux   75 M833 1618090 3 rolls
Nevada Superindency 1861-1880   75 M0837 1637276 1 roll
Wyoming Superindency 1869-1880 Tribes: Eastern Shoshoni, Bannock, Arapaho, Cheyenne and Sioux   75 M1016 1549631 13 rolls

Arizona Superindency 1863-1880

Tribes:Pima, Papago, Maricopa, Tame Apache, Papago, Yavapai, Walapai, Havasupai, Mojave, Yuma, Moqui Pueble and Scattered Apache   75 M734 1694796 8 rolls

The Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Arizona Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Arkansas Superintendency[edit | edit source]

California Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Central Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Colorado Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Dakota Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Florida Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Idaho Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Iowa Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Michigan Superintendency
[edit | edit source]

Minnesota Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Montana Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Nevada Superintendency[edit | edit source]

New Mexico Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Northern Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Oregon Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Southern Superintendency[edit | edit source]

St. Louis Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Utah Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Washington Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Western Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Wisconsin Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Wyoming Superintendency[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC. Available online