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Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy

Guide to Appomattox County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Appomattox County, Virginia
Boundary map of Appomattox County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Appomattox County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1845
County Seat Appomattox

County InformationEdit


Appomattox County is located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was named after the Appamatuck people who were shown on Captain John Smith's map of 1612. The name eventually evolved into "Appomattox"[1].

Appomattox County Virginia CourthouseEdit

Appomattox County Courthouse
P.O. Box 672
Appomattox, VA 24522-0672
Phone: 804-352-5275

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce and probate records from 1892, court and land records [2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1892 1853 1892 1892 1892 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Appomattox County Virginia HistoryEdit

Appomattox River at Matoaca, Virginia.JPG

The county was named after the Appomattox River.[4]

Parent CountyEdit

1845--Appomattox County was created 8 February 1845 from Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte and Prince Edward Counties.
County seat: Appomattox [2]

Boundary ChangesEdit

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, visit "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record LossEdit

OLd Appomattox County, Virginia Courthouse Sign.JPG

1892 All county courthouse records except land tax books were destroyed by fire in 1892.[5] [6]

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

The Appomattox County VAGenWeb page identifies surviving church and vital records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]\

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy ResourcesEdit

Research GuidesEdit

African AmericanEdit

Bible RecordsEdit

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VAGenWeb WorldCat BillionGraves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 9,193
1860 8,889 −3.3%
1870 8,950 0.7%
1880 10,080 12.6%
1890 9,589 −4.9%
1900 9,662 0.8%
1910 8,904 −7.8%
1920 9,255 3.9%
1930 8,402 −9.2%
1940 9,020 7.4%
1950 8,764 −2.8%
1960 9,148 4.4%
1970 9,784 7.0%
1980 11,971 22.4%
1990 12,298 2.7%
2000 13,705 11.4%
2010 14,973 9.3%
Source: "". United States Census Bureau.

1890 Union Veterans

Church RecordsEdit


Funeral HomesEdit


Compiled Genealogies by Surnames

Compiled Genealogies for Multiple Families

  • Featherston, Nathaniel Ragland. Appomattox County History and Genealogy. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1998. FHL Book 975.5625 H2f; digital version at World Vital Records ($). This book contains numerous genealogies for families of Appomattox County. For a list of surnames please see World Vital Records ($).
  • Heritage Book Committee. Appomattox County, Virginia. Summersville, W. Va.: S.E. Grose and the Appomattox Heritage Committee, 2001. FHL Book 975.5625 H2a.

Historic ResidencesEdit

  • Clover Hill. Early History of an Old Appomattox Landmark. By Ethel Marion Smith. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul., 1949), pp. 269-273. Online at: JSTOR ($). Includes information about the Patteson family.

Land and PropertyEdit

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local HistoriesEdit


Lynchburg (Independent City)Amherst CountyCampbell CountyNelson CountyBuckingham CountyPrince Edward CountyCharlotte CountyVA APPOMATTOX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources



War of 1812Edit
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL 973 M2Lp v. 5; online at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Appomattox County, pp. 61-62.]
Civil WarEdit

Regiments. Service men in Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Rangers)
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Grays).[8]
- 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate). Company C.[9]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Appomattox Invincibles).[10]
- 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Liberty Guards).[11]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War IIEdit
Civil War BattleEdit

The following battles were fought in Appomattox County.

April 8, 1865 - Appomattox Station [12]
April 9, 1865 - Appomattox Court House [13]
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Miscellaneous RecordsEdit


Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929


The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.


  • A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford (Virginia State Library). By H.J. Eckenrode. 1908. Richmond, Virginia : Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing. Online at: Google Books.

Probate RecordsEdit


Online Appomattox County, Virginia Tax Lists
Type Index Images
Free FHC Fee Free FHC Fee
Personal Property - - - - 1845-1863 -


Appomattox County was created in 1845, in part, from that portion of Buckingham County that lays south of the Appomattox River. Buckingham residents living there then, and following the division of the county, became residents of Appomattox County. Crouse's book is a comprehensive transcription of all extant tithe and personal property tax lists (over 12,000 records) for Buckingham County, Virginia from its formation in 1761 through 1792. Includes 1764, 1773-4, 1782-1792. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, names of slaves over the age of 12 (until 1783), carriages, ordinary licences, horses, cattle (1783-1788) and acres of land (1764). Comments and annotations are included, as found in the original lists, describe familial relationships, marital status (widow), physical characteristics, race, occupation, nationality, religion, place of residence and more.Transcribed records are ordered as they appear in the tax lists and, in addition, are ordered alphabetically in a 160 page index section. Includes an introduction and guide to use, a table and graphs to summarize statistics, extensive bibliography, table of alternate surname spellings, list of abbreviations and appendices.

Crouse's second volume includes the monumental tax list transcription effort. Comprehensive transcription of all personal property tax lists (over 13,700 records enumerating over 47,000 tithes) for Buckingham County, Virginia from 1792-1802. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, carriages, ordinary licences and horses. 130 page index. An illustrated appendix on Riding Carriages is a very interesting added feature.

  • 1845 - Appomattox County, Virginia Tax Lists, 1845 Only Extant Record for the First Year the County was Established, Includes Land Tax Rolls, Personal Property Tax Rolls. 1975. By Harriett A. Chilton. Falls Church, Virginia : H.A. Chilton. FHL; At various libraries (WorldCat).

Vital RecordsEdit

Indexes to Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are online in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society.

Vital Record SubstitutesEdit

Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Societies and LibrariesEdit

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy WebsitesEdit

Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy ReferencesEdit

  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Appomattox County, Virginia. Page 710 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Appomattox County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. Wikipedia Contributors, "Appomattox County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  5. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  6. Burned Record Counties (VA-NOTES). (n.d.). Library of Virginia. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Appomattox _ County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Virginia#Communities accessed 7 November 2019.
  8. James I. Robertson, 18th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 12.
  9. Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113.
  10. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  11. Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 85.
  12. Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
  13. Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)