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Socorro County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Socorro County

Guide to Socorro County New Mexico genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Socorro County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded April 17, 1907
County Seat Socorro
Address Socorro County Courthouse
200 Church St; PO Box 1
Socorro, NM 87801
Phone: 505.835.0589 
Socorro County Website


County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Socorro County Courthouse
200 Church St; PO Box 1
Socorro, NM 87801
Phone: 505.835.0589 

County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, probate records from 1912, land records from 1859, birth and death records 1907-1941.[1]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • Until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 1846 - United States forces occupied New Mexico starting during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became Socorro County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 9 Jan 1852 -  Socorro County was created from unorganized land.[1] It extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona.[2] [3] [4] Residents who lived far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
Socorro and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 29 December 1863 Arizona Territory created from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[5] Socorro County reduced in size to the portion still within New Mexico Territory.
  • 30 January 1868 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of GRANT county. [6]
  • 16 January 1869 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of LINCOLN county. [7]
  • 3 April 1884 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of SIERRA county. [8]
  • 30 January 1899 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of OTERO county. [9]
  • 1 January 1905 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of TORRANCE county. [10]
  • 1 July 1921 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of CATRON county. [11]

See also Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona for further details.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Socorro County, New Mexico Genealogy census records online, see: New Mexico Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Socorro County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
Civil War Battle[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battle was fought in Socorro County.

Map showing Civil War battles in New Mexico. 

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

New Mexico, County Death Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Web Sites[edit | edit source]

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Socorro County, New Mexico page 475, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  3. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  4. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  5. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1867-1868, 17th assy., ch. 20/p. 88
  7. N.M. Terr. Laws 1868-1869, 18th assy., ch. 8/pp. 28-31
  8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1884, 26th assy., ch. 109/pp. 223-225
  9. N.M. Terr. Laws 1899, 33d assy., ch. 3/pp. 21-30
  10. N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 70/pp. 132-134
  11. N.M. Laws 1921, 5th reg. sess., ch. 28/pp. 37-45
  12. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 8 August, 2012)

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