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Rutherford County, North Carolina Genealogy

Guide to Rutherford County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rutherfordton
Organized: 1779
Parent County(s): Tryon[1]
Neighboring Counties
Buncombe  • Burke  • Cherokee (SC)  • Cleveland  • Henderson  • McDowell  • Polk  • Spartanburg (SC)
See County Maps
Courthouse
NorthCarolinaRutherfordCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nc-rutherford.png
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County InformationEdit

DescriptionEdit

Rutherford County is located in the southwestern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with South Carolina. It was named for Revolutionary War General Griffith Rutherford, a member of the North Carolina Provincial Congress.[2]

County CourthouseEdit

Rutherford County Court
229 N Main Street
PO Box 551
Rutherforton, NC 28139-0630
Phone: 828-287-6155
Rutherford County Website

Clerk Superior Court has birth records from 1917, death records from 1913, marriage, divorce, probate court and land records from 1779, tax lists and voter registration.[3]

Rutherford County, North Carolina Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1917 1779 1913 1779 1779 1779 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record LossEdit

1907 Fire burned courthouse

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1779 Rutherford County was created from Tryon. Tyron County was abolished in 1779.
  • County seat: Rutherfordton[5]

After Rutherford County's initial creation in 1779, there have been some distinct changes made to the boundaries.

In 1791, a small portion of the west sides of Rutherford and Burke County created Buncombe County.

In 1841, about a third of the county on the east side, as well as western side of the neighboring Lincoln county, were formed into Cleveland County.

The year following that, 1842, a small portion of the northern side of Rutherford county and half of the neighboring County of Burke was taken to make McDowell County.

In 1855, the southwestern side of the county was formed into Polk County.

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Towns
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships
  • Camp Creek
  • Chimney Rock
  • Colfax
  • Cool Spring
  • Duncans Creek
  • Gilkey
  • Golden Valley
  • Green Hill
  • High Shoals
  • Logan Store
  • Morgan
  • Rutherfordton
  • Sulphur Springs
  • Union


History TimelineEdit

ResourcesEdit

Bible RecordsEdit

BiographiesEdit

Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit

CemeteriesEdit

Cemeteries of Rutherford County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information

 

Census RecordsEdit

Church RecordsEdit

Baptist

  • Bill's Creek. Constituted 1782.[7]
  • Buffalow Creek. Constituted 1777.[7]
  • Green River. Constituted 1778.[7]
  • Mountain Creek. Constituted 1789.[7]
  • Sandy Run. Constituted 1788.[7]

Presbyterian

  • Brittain Church, Rutherfordton, N.C. Organized 1768.[8] Originally located in Tryon.

Court RecordsEdit

DirectoriesEdit

Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit

GenealogiesEdit

  • "Notes on a Proctor Family of Northeastern Rutherford Co., N.C.," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 38, No. 3 (August 2010):102-110. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 38

GuardianshipEdit

Land and Property RecordsEdit

Local HistoriesEdit

Maps and GazetteersEdit

Ncrutherford.png

MigrationEdit

Early migration routes to and from Rutherford County for European settlers included:[9]

Military RecordsEdit

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Rutherford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rutherford County:

- 1st Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company B
- 1st Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company D
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company G
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company N

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit

NewspapersEdit

ObituariesEdit

Other RecordsEdit

PeriodicalsEdit

Probate RecordsEdit

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Vital RecordsEdit

BirthEdit

MarriageEdit

DeathEdit

DivorceEdit

Research FacilitiesEdit

ArchivesEdit

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

LibrariesEdit

  • Rutherford County Library
    255 Callahan Koon Rd.
    Spindale, NC 28169
    Website

MuseumsEdit

SocietiesEdit

  • Genealogical Society of Old Tryon County
    PO Box 938
    Forest City, NC 28043

WebsitesEdit

  • USGenWeb project May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • North Carolina Pioneers $
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research GuidesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. https://www.ncpedia.org/geography/Rutherford
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rutherford County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Rutherford County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutherford_County,_North_Carolina, accessed 25 February 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:568. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  8. "Brittain Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f5/Iginorthcarolinap.pdf.
  11. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f5/Iginorthcarolinap.pdf.