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Guide to Rush County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rushville
Organized: April 1, 1822[1]
Parent County(s): Delaware New Purchase
Neighboring Counties
Hancock  • Henry  • Fayette  • Franklin  • Decatur  • Shelby
See County Maps
Indiana, Rush County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Rush County Locator Map.png
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County Information


Rush County was named for Dr. Benjamin Rush, who signed the Declaration of Independence. The county is located in the east-central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Rush County Courthouse
PO Box 429
Rushville, IN 46173-0429
Phone: 765-932-2086
County Website

Rush County Health Department
101 East Second Street, Room 105
Rushville, IN, 46173
Health Officer: Russell Daugherty, MD
Phone Number: 765-932-3103
Fax: 765-938-2604
Health Department

County Health Department has birth, death, and burial from 1882. County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1822. County Recorder has land records. [3]
Records from 1789-1837 are published and indexed. Early records, prior to 1807, were handled in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Rush County, Indiana Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1822 1882 1822 1822 1822 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss

Before the city hall was built in 1881, records were not carefully protected. At one point they were kept in the office of the Justice of the Peace. Persons desiring to destroy criminal records broke in and stole the town records by mistake, and burned them.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline

  • 1800 - the Indiana Territory was organized. At that time, today's Rush County, Indiana, was part of the Indian Lands that made up most of the current state of Indiana.
  • 1816 - Statehood was granted.
  • 1820 - The Federal Census of 1820 found today's Rush County a part of the huge, unorganized, and sparsely populated area called Delaware County.
  • 1821 - Rush County, as it is known today, was organized April 1, 1822 from a portion of that unorganized territory.


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Rush County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records

For tips on accessing Rush County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 9,707
1840 16,456 69.5%
1850 16,445 −0.1%
1860 16,193 −1.5%
1870 17,626 8.8%
1880 19,238 9.1%
1890 19,034 −1.1%
1900 20,148 5.9%
1910 19,349 −4.0%
1920 19,241 −0.6%
1930 19,412 0.9%
1940 18,927 −2.5%
1950 19,799 4.6%
1960 20,393 3.0%
1970 20,352 −0.2%
1980 19,604 −3.7%
1990 18,129 −7.5%
2000 18,261 0.7%
2010 17,392 −4.8%
Source: "".

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Rush County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Rush County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Hancock CountyHenry CountyFayette CountyFranklin CountyDecatur CountyShelby CountyIN RUSH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War
Civil War service men from Rush County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rush County.

Civil War Books:

  • "Military History" Chapter 6 in History of Rush County, Indiana: from the earliest time to the present, with biographical sketches, notes, etc., together with a short history of the northwest, the Indiana territory, and the state of Indiana. (2003. Kokomo, IN: Selby Pub.), (page 447-477, Regiment, Companies; Roll of Honor, 470-477). Available online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Internet Archive

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Rush County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.





Research Facilities


Listed below are archives in Rush County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Batesville Indiana Family History Center
Township Line Rd
Batesville IN 47006


Listed below are libraries in Rush County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Rushville Public Library
130 W. 3rd Street
Rushville, IN

Henry Henley Public Library
102 N. Main Street
Carthage, IN



Listed below are societies in Rush County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Rush County Genealogical Society
PO Box 54
Rushville, Indiana 46173

Rush County Historical Society and Museum
619 N. Perkins St.
PO Box 302
Rushville, IN 46173

Whitewater Valley Genealogical Association
PO Box 941
Connersville, IN 47331


Research Guides


  1. Wikipedia Wikipedia
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Rush County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana accessed 04/03/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Rush County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Rush County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 05 January 2020.