Difference between revisions of "Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Genealogy"

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{{NM Land Intro}}  
{{NM Land Intro}}  
If you wish to search the recorded land records of Rio Arriba county you must visit the [http://www.rio-arriba.org/departments_and_divisions/clerk's_office/clerk_.html County Clerk's Office] at 7 Main Street, Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico or 1122 Industrial Park Road, Española, New Mexico.  
If you wish to search the recorded land records of Rio Arriba county you must visit the [http://www.rio-arriba.org/departments_and_divisions/clerk's_office/clerk_.html County Clerk's Office] at 7 Main Street, Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico or 1122 Industrial Park Road, Española, New Mexico.<br><br>
''Online Land Records''
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/ Land Patent Search] - index to federal patents and homesteads on the [http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx Bureau of Land Management] website, some images available
*'''1796 - 1907''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1246 U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907] at [http://ancestry.com Ancestry] - index, info taken from Bureau of Land Management website<br>
*'''1861 - 1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60593 U.S. Homestead Records 1861-1936] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), index and images
==== Local Histories  ====
==== Local Histories  ====

Revision as of 18:46, 26 August 2016

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Rio Arriba County

Guide to Rio Arriba County, New Mexico ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


Rio Arriba County, New Mexico
Map of New Mexico highlighting Rio Arriba County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded September 22, 1846
County Seat Tierra Amarilla
Address Rio Arriba County Courthouse
PO Box 158;
Tierra Amarilla, NM 87575
Phone: 505.588.7254
Rio Arriba County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1884 1850 1852 1852

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Rio Arriba County Courthouse
PO Box 158;
Tierra Amarilla, NM 87575
Phone: 505.588.7254

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1852. [1]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • Until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 22 September 1846 - Rio Arriba County was created based on an old Mexican government partido  as one of seven original New Mexico counties under the Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[2] This code is named after General Stephen W. Kearny
  • 1848 - New Mexico Territory formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Rio Arriba and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
  • New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Rio Arriba county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[3] [4] [5] Residents that lived far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
  • 29 December 1863 - Arizona Territory created from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[6] Rio Arriba county was reduced in size to the portion still within New Mexico Territory.
  • 24 February 1887 - RIO ARRIBA county lost land to creation of SAN JUAN county.[7]

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona for further details.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 16,624
1920 19,552 17.6%
1930 21,381 9.4%
1940 25,352 18.6%
1950 24,997 −1.4%
1960 24,193 −3.2%
1970 25,170 4.0%
1980 29,282 16.3%
1990 34,365 17.4%
2000 41,190 19.9%
2010 40,246 −2.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".
State Census Records[edit | edit source]
Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page. The early population of New Mexico was generally both Spanish-speaking and Catholic. As such, the sacramental records of the towns and villages present an important avenue of research and may provide the names of several generations within one document. Catholic sacramental records (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are rich in vital record information and may prove a valuable alternative in cases where vital records are not available. The New Mexico Genealogical Society has published an online article titled, Locating Catholic Church Records in New Mexico, Rio Arriba County. This index of church records includes the parish, the location of the church, the missions included and microfilm dates and reference numbers in chart format. Some of the films are available in the Family History Library, and those that aren’t at the library have reel numbers found in the Santa Fe archives. New Mexico Genealogical Society


Parish registers (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are available online for the following years:

FS = FamilySearch - free[8]
San Juan de los Caballeros, San Juan, Online Parish Registers


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
FS 1726-1837 1726-1837 1726-1776, 1830-1836, 1850-1855 1726-1776, 1830-1836, 1850-1855
1849-1898 1857-1956 1857-1956

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

If you wish to search the recorded land records of Rio Arriba county you must visit the County Clerk's Office at 7 Main Street, Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico or 1122 Industrial Park Road, Española, New Mexico.

Online Land Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]


1895 map of Rio Arriba County, New Mexico

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Births[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Rio Arriba County Historical Society
PO Box 158
Tierra Amarilla 87575

Espanola Family History Center
Corner McCurdy Rd and Fairview
Espanola, NM.
Telephone Number: 505-753-3751

Ghost Ranch Living Museum
HCR 77, Box 15
Abiquiu, New Mexico, 87510

Rio Arriba County Historical Society
PO Box 158
Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico, 87575

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

    • Espanola, New Mexico.

Web Sites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rio Arriba County, New Mexico page 474, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 7” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
  3. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  4. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  5. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  6. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
  7. N.M. Terr. Laws 1887, 27th assy., ch. 13/p. 38
  8. FamilySearch Catalog. Accessed 12 May 2016.