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Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) Historical Geography

Historical Background

Rhineland-Palatinate was established in 1946 after World War II from territory of the historically separate regions of the Rhineland (Rheinland) province of the Free State of Prussia, the People's State of Hesse, and Bavaria, by the French military administration in Allied-occupied Germany. Rhineland-Palatinate became part of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949. Wikipedia

Maps

Former States Now in Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)

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Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. For German research prior to 1945, the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945.

History of Rhineland (Rheinland) in the German Empire
Geo-Political Differences Today
FamilySearch Catalog
(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)
Wiki Pages

Rhineland (Rheinland)

1946: Divided into the newly founded states of Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, and Rhineland-Palatinate. The city of Wetzlar became part of the state of Hesse (Hessen).
1957: All of the Saar except the Saar-Pfalz became part of the current state of Saarland

Preussen, Rheinland

Use this clickable map to find the correct Wiki article: Map

Hessen

1945: Merged with Hessen-Nassau, Frankfurt am Main,and the Waldeck area (from Rheinland), to become current state of Hessen
It lost the Rheinhessen to Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate), and Bad Wimpfen to Baden-Württemberg.

Hessen

Hessen-Nassau

1945: Merged with Hessen to become current state of Hessen (Map)

Preussen, Hessen-Nassau

Bavaria (Bayern)

1920: current state of Bavaria, merged with Coburg
1945: Lost the Pfalz (Palatinate) to Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz).
1957: The Saar-Pfalz became part of the current state of Saarland (Map)

Bavaria: Bayern
Coburg: Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha