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Guide to Pueblo of San Juan ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Introduction

San Juan Pueblo is located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.

Established: Original Spanish Land Grant 1689

Agency: Northern Pueblos Agnecy

Tribe: Tano-Tewa

Ppopulation: 1969: Tribal enrollment 1,255 [1]

Tribal Headquarters

Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, formerly known as Pueblo of San Juan
P.O. Box 1099
Ohkay Owingeh, NM, 87566
Phone: 505-852-4400
Website.

The Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, formerly known as the San Juan Pueblo, is a Tewa-speaking village located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico about 25 miles north of Santa Fe.

History

In 1598 the new Spanish settlement near this Pueblo was made the first capital of the New Mexico province of New Spainby Juan de Oñate. It is 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Fe, which replaced it as the capital when founded in 1608. San Juan Pueblo was the northern terminus of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, an important historic trail from Mexico City used by settlers and traders from 1598 to 1884. San Juan Pueblo was also the home of Popé, the leader of Pueblo Revolt of 1680 against the Spanish.

In 2005 the Tewa people changed the Pueblo name back to its pre-Spanish name, Ohkay Owingeh.[2]

Brief Timeline

1541: Contact by Francisco Vaszuez de Coronado

1591: Spanish colonization

1598: First capital in New Mexico at pueblo of Oke near San Juan

1610: Capital moved to Santa Fe

1680: Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish

1846-1848: Mexican-American War land ceded to United States

1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago, New Mexico becomes part of the United States

1924: Pueblo Lands Act

2005: Tewa people return to pre-Spanish name of Ohkay Owingeh

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Band

Reservations

Records

Census Records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the San Juan Pueblo in New Mexico. The Indians residing in this Pueblo in 1900 are listed on Indian Population Schedules as District 93, San Juan Pueblo, in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.

Land Records

Tribal-owned 12,232 acres.

Important Websites

  • San Juan (now known as Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo since 2005) Wikipedia page
  • Puebloan Peoples Wikipedia

References

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, New Mexico" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohkay_Owingeh_Pueblo,_New_Mexico (accessed 21 June 2009).

Bibliography