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New York, State Census, 1865 - FamilySearch Historical Records

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New York State Census 1865 Records[edit | edit source]

How To Use This Record[edit | edit source]

A census can provide you with names and ages of family members, which can then be used to calculate birth or marriage dates. It can provide the county and town where your ancestor lived, people living with (or gone from) the family, and relatives that may have lived nearby. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist. This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items. The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1865. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.  

Why This Record Was Created[edit | edit source]

The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of New York. 

Record History[edit | edit source]

State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. 

Record Description[edit | edit source]

The record is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator. It includes schedules, tables and comments. The records are usually arranged by county and town. 


Record Coverage[edit | edit source]

These records are for the year 1865.

This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York because the counties of Clinton, Franklin, Genesee, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, Westchester, and Wyoming are missing. 

Record Content[edit | edit source]

Key genealogical facts found in the population schedules of the 1865 New York State Census are:

  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode was in the family on the 1st day of June, 1865
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Color
  • Relation to the head of the family
  • In what county of New York, or in what state or country born
  • Parent of how many children
  • Number of times married
  • Current marital status (married, widowed, or single)
  • Occupation
  • Citizenship (native, naturalized, or alien)
  • If owner of the land
  • If currently or formerly in the Army or Navy 

Record Reliability[edit | edit source]

Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.