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Head counts were conducted in Nepal for different purposes since centuries. But the census counts (at least head count data) as statistics are available since census 1911 A.D. It is admiring to have population count for so long in a country where physical features are so extreme, population is ethnically so heterogeneous and the country is, in fact deprived of resources and technology since long. The first modern census was conducted in 1952/54 using internationally standard concepts and definitions and the first computerized census was the one conducted in 1971.