Monroe County, Wisconsin Genealogy
Guide to Monroe County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
- 1 County Information
- 2 Resources
- 2.1 Bible Records
- 2.2 Biographies
- 2.3 Business, Commerce, and Occupations
- 2.4 Cemeteries
- 2.5 Census Records
- 2.6 Church Records
- 2.7 Court Records
- 2.8 Directories
- 2.9 Emigration and Immigration
- 2.10 Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups
- 2.11 Funeral Homes
- 2.12 Genealogies
- 2.13 Guardianship
- 2.14 Land and Property Records
- 2.15 Local Histories
- 2.16 Maps and Gazetteers
- 2.17 Migration
- 2.18 Military Records
- 2.19 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 2.20 Newspapers
- 2.21 Obituaries
- 2.22 Other Records
- 2.23 Periodicals
- 2.24 Probate Records
- 2.25 School Records
- 2.26 Tax Records
- 2.27 Vital Records
- 3 Research Facilities
- 4 Societies
- 5 Websites
- 6 Research Guides
- 7 References
County Information[edit | edit source]
Description[edit | edit source]
The County was named for James Monroe. The County is located in the west-central area of the state.
County Courthouse[edit | edit source]
Monroe County Courthouse
202 S K Street
Sparta, WI 54656
Monroe County Website
Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, and land records.
Clerk of Courts has divorce, probate, court and naturalization records.
Veterans Service Office has military records. 
Monroe County, Wisconsin Record Dates[edit | edit source]
Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.
Record Loss[edit | edit source]
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]
For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
Populated Places[edit | edit source]
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:
History Timeline[edit | edit source]
Resources[edit | edit source]
Bible Records[edit | edit source]
Biographies[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Biographical Index (1878-1933) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- Monroe County Biographies WIGenWeb Archives project
Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Cemetery Index (1850s-1980) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Census Records[edit | edit source]
For tips on accessing Monroe census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.
- Monroe County Census Indexes (1855-1920) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum — includes Wisconsin and US Censuses
- 1855 - 1855 Wisconsin State Census This census includes name of head of family; other individuals in the household are identified by sex and race, number of deaf and dumb, blind, insane and foreign born.
- 1865 - 1865 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.
- 1875 - 1875 Wisconsin State Census Identifies head of household by name.
- 1885 - Wisconsin State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch — index and images. Search indexed census.Identifies by name of head of household. Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
- 1895 - Wisconsin State Census, 1895 at FamilySearch — index and images. Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical.
- 1905 - Wisconsin State Census, 1905 at FamilySearch — Name index and images of population. Enumerates by name all inhabitants.
Church Records[edit | edit source]
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.
- Monroe County Church Records Index Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- Records of Trinity Lutheran Church, Cashton, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).
Court Records[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Court Records Index (1850s-1970s) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Directories[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Historic Business Index Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]
Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]
- Wisconsin Resources - Ethnic Origins WIGenWeb project
Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]
Genealogies[edit | edit source]
Guardianship[edit | edit source]
Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
- Monroe County Plat Book Index (1877, 1897, 1915, 1948) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Local Histories[edit | edit source]
Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
- Old Antique Atlases & Maps of Wisconsin
- Family Maps of Monroe County, Wisconsin (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
Migration[edit | edit source]
Military Records[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]
Regiments. Service men in Monroe served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe:
- Wisconsin National Guard Lists of Persons Liable for military Duty from Monroe County, Autumn, 1862 Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- Civil War Veteran Census Index (1885-1905) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry, Companies A and G
- 10th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Companies H and I
World War I[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County World War I Draft Registration Card Index Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Naturalization Records Index (1846-1946) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Newspapers Index Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Obituaries[edit | edit source]
Other Records[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Poor Farm/Asylum Index (1884-1953) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- Historic Image & Photo Archive Monroe County Local History Room & Museum — over 13,000 Monroe County images and growing
Periodicals[edit | edit source]
Probate Records[edit | edit source]
Probate records are held by the Monroe Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Monroe Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.
Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.
- 1800–1987 Wisconsin Wills and Probate Records 1800-1987 at Ancestry — images and index $
- 1848–1948 Wisconsin Probate Estate Files 1848-1948 at FamilySearch — images
School Records[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County School Census Index (1925-1950) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum — often contains birth date and family member information
- Sparta High School Senior Class of 1912 USGenWeb Archives
- Sparta High School Senior Class of 1919 USGenWeb Archives
- Directory of the Graduates of Tomah High School, 1880-1918 USGenWeb Archives
Tax Records[edit | edit source]
Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.
For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.
For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.
Birth[edit | edit source]
- 1820-1907 Wisconsin, Birth Index, 1820-1907 at FamilySearch — index
- 1826-1908 Wisconsin, Births and Christenings Index, 1826-1908 at Ancestry — index $
- 1826-1926 Wisconsin, Births and Christenings, 1826-1926 at FamilySearch — index
- 1850s-1944 Monroe County Birth Records Index (1850s-1944) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
Marriage[edit | edit source]
- 1836-1911 Wisconsin, County Marriages, 1836-1911 at FamilySearch — index
- 1836-1930 Wisconsin, Marriages, 1836-1930 at FamilySearch — index
- 1854-1968 Monroe County Marriage Records Index (1854-1968) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- 1973-1997 Wisconsin, Marriage Index, 1973-1997 at FamilySearch — index
- 1973-1997 Wisconsin Marriages, 1973-1997 at Ancestry — index/images $
Death[edit | edit source]
- 1820-1907 Wisconsin, Death Index, 1820-1907 at FamilySearch — index
- 1835-1968 Wisconsin, Deaths and Burials, 1835-1968 at FamilySearch — index
- 1850s-1868 Monroe County Death Records Index (1850s-1968) Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- 1867-1907 Wisconsin, Death Records, 1867-1907 at FamilySearch — index
- 1959-1997 Wisconsin, Death Index, 1959-1997 at FamilySearch — index
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Research Facilities[edit | edit source]
Archives[edit | edit source]
- Area Research Center
Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
1631 Pine St.
La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
- Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
200 West Main Street, 1st Floor
Sparta, WI 54656
- Monroe County Local History Room & Museum is a Monroe County Department that has microfilm of county newspapers, early vital records, Wisconsin and US Censuses, naturalization records, tax rolls, probate records, military registration lists, as well as court records, church records, plat maps, school records, some cemetery records, family history books and files, yearbooks, and a large photo archive for researchers to access. Records can be looked up in person or ordered via their website. Online indexes are always being updated and added to.
- Search Monroe County Local History Room Archives Index to find archival material related to Monroe County families, or the Monroe County Local History Room & Museum Website to see if records are available for family members with ties to Monroe County and the surrounding area. MCLHR also has some records connected to neighboring counties.
Family History Centers[edit | edit source]
Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.
- For current information about a center near you, go to the Family History Center Map
Libraries[edit | edit source]
- Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
Area Research Center
1631 Pine St.
La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Historical Society
PO Box 422
Sparta, WI 54656
- Monroe, Jackson, Juneau Genealogical Workshop
1510 Eaton Ave
Tomah, WI 54660
- Foundation for Eastern European Family History Studies
PO Box 321
Springville, UT 84663
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
- Monroe County Local History Room & Museum Facebook Page
- Monroe County, WI History, Records, Facts and Genealogy
- Wisconsin Genealogy Network Community on Google+
- Wisconsin Genealogy Network Group on Facebook
- WIGenWeb project
- USGenWeb Archives
- FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection. Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
Research Guides[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Wisconsin ."
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Wisconsin. Page 755-760, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 757-759.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Michigan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Michigan, accessed 23 September 2018.
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