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Minnesota Census

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United States  >  Maryland  >  Census

  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.

  • Click here for a list of the exact date of each federal census.

Federal population schedules and indexes[edit | edit source]

Online[edit | edit source]

Online Federal Population Schedule Indexes and Images for Maryland
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay
Record Search Family Search MD State Archives Census Bureau Heritage Quest Footnote Ancestry FHL ed. Ancestry Library ed. Ancestry Home ed.
1940 indexes - - - - - - - - -
images - - - - - - - - -
1930 indexes - - - - Link Link Link Link Link
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1920 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
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1910 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
1900 indexes Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1880 indexes Link Link Link[1] - Link - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
1870 indexes Link - Link[2] - Link - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1860 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link
images - - - - Link Link Link Link Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1840 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link
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partial 1830 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link
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1820 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
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1810 indexes - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
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partial 1800 indexes - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
partial 1790 indexes - - - transcript link Link  - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
  Record Search Family Search MD State Archives Census Bureau Heritage Quest Footnote Ancestry FHL ed.  Ancestry Library ed. Ancestry Home ed.
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1050 1860 M654 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1566 1880 T9  and Soundex T753 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637

Microform and book indexes[edit | edit source]

Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal population schedules of Maryland.

Federal non-population schedules and indexes[edit | edit source]

Online[edit | edit source]

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland

Free Free at Some Libraries(usually with library card) Pay
Year Schedule Type USGenNet Access Genealogy Evendon Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]   ?[3]  ?[3]
1870 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1860 Slave owner - - - - - Link[4] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1850 Slave owner - - - - - Link[4] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1840 Pensioner Link Link BookLink BookLink BookLink - - - -

Microfilm[edit | edit source]

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner  1840 Pensioners
1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality
1820 Manufacturers
1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural
1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial
1880 Defective 1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics

National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural 1820 Manufactuer
1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial
1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality 1840 Pensioner

Microform and book indexes[edit | edit source]

Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal non-population schedules of Maryland.

Missing federal censuses[edit | edit source]

Click here for a list of missing and available Maryland federal censuses.

State or other censuses[edit | edit source]

[Colonial territorial, state or other censuses]

Maryland made in 1778 a list of citizens who had taken an oath of fidelity which list is sometimes called a census.

Maryland took a census in 1776:

An online index to both is found in  MARYLAND INDEXES (Census Index) 1776-1778 [MSA S1419].

Why use a census?[edit | edit source]

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses[edit | edit source]

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

  • index searching tips
  • analyzing and using what you find
  • census accuracy
  • historical background
  • contents of various census years and types

External sites[edit | edit source]

Many censuses and indexes are on free sites, others are at paid sites. Some may have access through library membership, and other are personal paid sites. Some sites have partial censuses and others major fee sites have the whole series, with indexes and links to images. Online indexes are searchable in different ways, see tips if you are having difficulties locating your family.

  • FamilySearch Record Search is free site. There are a few census years available now with more being added. Search the index and view the images. The index is to every name listed on the census. As of June 2009. the years that are indexed and available for Maryland are 1850, 1860, 18701880, and 1900.
  • Maryland State Archives has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880. 
  • Ancestry is a large Internet company that has all the Maryland censuses indexed from 1790--1930 by every name. The index is linked to the image as well to an extracted household group with source information. Ancestry is available at many libraries, the Family History Library, and certain Family History centers.You can also purchase your own subscription.
  • Heritage Quest Online is a paid site that has indexes for the 1790–1820, 1860–1880, and 1900–1930. Images for all national censuses are available for browsing, printing, and downloading. Many libraries have subscriptions which allow access for their patrons outside of their library with a library card and password.
  • Census Finder has statewide links to online indexes, then countywide links, including indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies. The links on this site are often difficult to use.
  • Two other websites that have links to other sites are Census Online and Access Genealogy. Some of the addresses are not current.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. Only Anne Arundel County is indexed for 1880.
  2. Residents of what is now Garrett County were part of Allegany County in 1870 and indexed under Allegany County.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Ancestry implies they have all mortality schedules indexed and images available online. No such indexes or images appear for Maryland.
  4. 4.0 4.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.


United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Minnesota  >  Minnesota Census

Available and Lost Census Schedules[edit | edit source]

MINNESOTA:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1830 Jun 1 Enumerated for Chiippewa and Crawford counties.            
1840 Jun 1 Enumerated with Iowa and Wisconsin territories.            
1850 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all counties       Exist    
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1890 Jun 2 Exist for Wright County (Rockford) Exist          
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties            
1940 Public release coming in 2012            

1850 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.

1860-1930-- Census Records are available for with the following exceptions:

1870--The National Archives copy of the 1870 census was destroyed, another version was reconstructed from duplicates preserved by the state.  The Family History Library has copies from both the Minnesota Historical Society (Archives and Manuscripts Collections) and the National Archives.

 1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

1890-- Census lost for all counties except Rockford Township, Wright County

1890--Union Veteran Schedule. The Minnesota Histoirical Society has produced two microfiche of 1890 census information. It covers several families in Rockville Township, Wright County.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

PLEASE NOTE:  Not all areas of the US have been indexed for 1900, but they can be searched in a section called Browse unindexed images.

1900-- The schedule for White Earth Indian Reservation follows Yellow Medicine County Census

Historical Background[edit | edit source]

1686-1762--The French established a chain of forts and small settlements in the area of Minnesota.

1783--Great Britain grants eastern portions of Minnesota to the United States.

1787-1800--Minnesota is part of the Northwest Territory.

1800-1809--Minnesota is part of Indiana Territory.

1809-1818--Minnesota is part of Illinois Territory.

1818-1836--The area that is now Minnesota is in Michigan Territory.

1836--All of Minnesota is in Wisconsin Territory.

1840--Some Minnesota residents are listed in the 1840 territorial censuses of Wisconsin and Iowa.

1849--Congress creates Minnesota Territory.

1858--Minnesota gains statehood.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

Statewide indexes[edit | edit source]

The census schedules of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are indexed.

  • 1850, 1860, 18701880 & 1900  US Censuses for Minnesota are available at for free. Site includes searchable name indexes and images. 1860 and 1880 are available in name index only. 

An 1860 every-name card index on microfilm is:

  • Index to the 1860 Federal Census Schedules for Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts, 1978. (Family History Library microfilms 1373881–911). The page numbers in this card index do not always correspond to the page numbers in the National Archives microfilms of the 1860 census. This index may be used to decide which county and township the family lived in. Then that location can be searched line by line on the census schedules.

The Minnesota Historical Society has an every-name card index to the 1870 federal census that is different from the printed version. The index is on microfilm and is available through interlibrary loan. A few printed county or area indexes exist for some of the state censuses.

1880,1900, 1920--Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.

There is no statewide index to the 1910 census of Minnesota.

The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:

  • Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; microfiche 6010059-60.) Contains street maps for Duluth, Minneapolis, and St. Paul. 

Special Censuses[edit | edit source]

Mortality Schedules[edit | edit source]

A mortality schedule is a list of persons who died in the 12-months period  prior to the census

There are published indexes to the Minnesota mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.

1850-- indexed by county


1870-- indexed by county

1880-- indexed

  • Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. Mortality Schedule, Minnesota 1880.  Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems. 1979.  (Family History Library book 977.6X2j 1880) .
  • Mortality Records of Minnestoa by Counties from the Territorial Period of 1850 to the End of the year 1870: with the Records of St. Louis County to End of Year, 1883. Typescript, 1947. (Family History Library book 977.6 X2m) This book gives name, age, sex. state or country of birth, occupation and month of death. The St. Louis County lists are for 1872-1879 and 1881-1883. This book is arranged by county and is not indexed. The records come form the federal census except St. Louis County, which appears to come from local records.
  • Mortality Schedules 1850-1880

1900-- There is also a surviving portion of the 1900 mortality schedule taken for Minnesota.  The printed transcription can be found in"

  • Warren, James W. Minnesota 1900 Census Mortality Schedule. St. Paul, Minnesota: Warren Research and Marketing Publication, 1992. (Family History Library book 977.6 X2w 1900

Veteran Schedules (1890)
[edit | edit source]

A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War:

  • United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publication M123. (On 118 Family History Library microfilms.) The Minnesota returns are available at the Family History Library on Family History Library microfilms 338181–84. This census lists the veteran’s name or widow, rank, company and regiment or vessel, dates of service, and current post office address.

An index to the Minnesota returns has been published:

  • Dilts, Bryan Lee. 1890 Minnesota Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1985. (Family History Library book 977.6 X22d 1890).

The following special censuses are available at the Minnesota Historical Society: 

Agricultural Schedule[edit | edit source]

Agricultural census lists:  name of agent, manager, or owner of farm, acres of land, cash value of farm, value of farm implements and machinery, number of various farm animals, value of livestock, amounts produced of grains, wool, cotton, dairy and all farm products, value of orchard products, value of homemade manufactures, and value of animals slaughtered.

Years taken: 1850,1860,1870, 1880

Manufacturer's Schedule[edit | edit source]

Manufacture census lists: name of corporation, company or individual, name of business, capital invested in real and personal estate, raw materials used, value of fuel, kind of motive power, machinery, structures, resources, average number of hands employed, average wages, annual products, total amount paid in wages, number of months in active operation, greatest number of persons employed at one time, number of workers on full time, 3/4 time, 1/2 time, idle, value of products.

Years taken: 1860, 1870, 1880

Social Statistics Schedule [edit | edit source]

Social statistics census lists: value of estate, annual taxes, number and types of schools, methods of funding, libraries, newpapers, number and type of churches, pauperism, crime, hired labor, amount of public debt, homeless children, inhabitants imprisoned, paupers and indigents, deaf-mutes, blind, insane

Years taken: 1860,1870, 1880

 State Censuses[edit | edit source]

Minnesota has state censuses for the years:

1865--Name, sex, colored, deaf, dumb, blind, soldier in service on June 1, 1865.

1875--Name, age, sex, color, place of birth, father of foreign birth, mother of foreign birth

1885--Name, age, sex, color, place of birth, father of foreign birth, mother of foreign birth, whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or soldier in Civil War


Population Coverage
The census includes most individuals within the counties enumerated.

Collection History
State censuses were taken in Minnesota every ten years beginning in 1865 through 1905.

Why was this collection created?
The census was compiled to obtain a description and a count of the population of the state of Minnesota.

Collection Reliability
The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution since it may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Collection Description
The record is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator. The forms are arranged by county and community.

Collection Content
The key genealogical facts found in the Minnesota 1895 State Census are:
• Name
• Age
• Gender
• Color
• Place of birth (state or territory if in the U.S., country if foreign born)
• Length of residence
• Occupation
• If a soldier or sailor in the Civil War
• Whether mother and father foreign born or not
• Residence or location within a country (The location within a county may not be a town name but a legal land description instead which gives the township number and the range number.)

How to Use the Collection
A census can provide you with names and ages of family members, which can be used to calculate birth or marriage dates. It can also provide the name of the county and town where your ancestor lived. People living with the family may be relatives. Relatives may also have lived nearby. The census may identify individuals for whom other records may not exist.

1905--Gives same as 1895, plus: street address, place of birth of father, place of birth of mother, service in Civil and Spanish Wars.

Portions of some counties have been indexed, and some are available in published format. Census schedules for some years have been lost for some counties. Microfilms are available at the Minnesota Historical Society and at the Family History Library.

The Minnesota Historical Society created guides of their collection for the 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, and 1905 censuses that include a county index, an introduction that lists counties that have no schedule, and a roll content list that has the subdivisions (townships, municipalities) in each county and the order they appear on the roll.

The Minnesota Historical Society’s Genealogical Resources of the Minnesota Historical Society, A Guide has information on all the censuses that pertain to Minnesota. (See the "Minnesota Archives and Libraries" article.)

Some of the early territorial censuses have been published in the Minnesota Genealogist and the Minnesota Genealogical Journal.

The film numbers for Minnesota State Censuses are also found in:

  • State Census Register: State and County Censuses Located at the Family History Library  Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,2005  (Family History Library book 973 X23us Vol. 1-3)

Territorial Census[edit | edit source]

Portions of present-day Minnesota were included in the 1836 Wisconsin territorial census, as part of Crawford and Dubuque counties. (Dubuque County was later in Iowa Territory.) In 1838, the Wisconsin territorial census covered some of Minnesota in Crawford and Clayton counties. Some Minnesota residents are listed in the 1840 territorial censuses of Wisconsin and Iowa.

In 1849 Minnesota became its own territory.  Territorial censuses were taken in 1849, 1850, 1853, 1855 and 1857. A microfilmed index is at Minnesota Historical Library and available through interlibrary loan. Parts or all of some of these censuses have been lost. Others are at the Minnesota Historical Society Library. The Family History Library has:

  • Minnesota. Census Bureau. Schedules of the Minnesota Census of 1857. National Archives Microfilm Publication, T1175. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1973. (Family History Library microfilms 944283–90.) The 1857 census is arranged alphabetically by county and then by the smaller jurisdiction. It was taken 21 September 1857 and lists each household member and includes name, age, sex, race, birth locality (state, territory, or country), occupation, and if naturalized or native citizen.

According to the article below, some fictional names of people and places of residence were listed in southwestern Minnesota in the 1857 census:

  • Forrest, Robert J. Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota. Minnesota History: A Quarterly Magazine. 14, no. 3 (September 1933): 243–62. (Family History Library book 977.6 H25m; film 965778.)

Web Sites[edit | edit source]

                       Ancestry:  ($)

                       Heritage Quest Online:

                       Census Online:

                       Genealogy Today:

                       Access Genealogy:

                       National Archives:

                       Minnesota Historical Society:

                       Census Finder:

                       Roots Web:

                       Mortality Schedules:

                       Family History 101:

References[edit | edit source]

Minnesota Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.