Michigan Military Records
Many military records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. United States Military Records provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. The following sources for Michigan are also helpful:
Forts[edit | edit source]
Fort Brady -- Textual records of this fort, 1869-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Detroit 1796-
Fort Le Boeuf
Fort Mackinac 1796-1894
Fort Preque Isle
Fort Saginaw 1822-24
Fort St. Joseph
Revolutionary War (1775 to 1783) to War of 1812 (1812 to 1814)[edit | edit source]
Thousands of veterans settled in Michigan. Genealogical and biographical data is in published militia rolls, pension papers, and gravestone records. An example is:
Miller, Alice Turner, comp. Soldiers of the War of 1812, Who Died in Michigan. Ithaca, Michigan: A.T. Miller, 1962. (Family History Library book 977.4 M23m; film 844961 item 3.) A supplement is also available.
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- War of 1812 Pensioners in Michigan, 1883. Abstracted from the U.S. Pension Bureau's List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883, volume IV.
Indian Wars to Mexican War (1832 to 1848)[edit | edit source]
A few records for the Black Hawk War (1832), Toledo War (1835), and Patriot War (1838–39) are at the Michigan State Archives. The Family History Library has:
United States. Adjutant General's Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served from the State of Michigan for the Patriot War, 1838–1839. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1965. (Family History Library film 882795.)
Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Michigan Volunteers Descriptive Roll, First Regiment, 1847–1848. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972. (Family History Libraryfilm 915345.) A descriptive muster roll of Mexican War volunteers.
Civil War (1861 to 1865)[edit | edit source]
An index to service and pension records is on film at the Family History Library and at the National Archives. The service and pension files have not been filmed and are only available at the National Archives.
Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
Brief service records of Michigan soldiers have been published in:
Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War, 1861–1865. 46 vols. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Ihling Bros. & Everard, 1905. (Family History Library book 977.4 M2r; on 4 films.) For an index of names listed in these volumes use:
Alphabetical General Index to Public Library Sets of 85,271 Names of Michigan Soldiers and Sailors Individual Records. Lansing, Michigan: Michigan Secretary of State, 1915. (Family History Library book 977.4 M2a; film 915948.)
The Family History Library has:
Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Records of Michigan Volunteers Mustered into the Service of the United States, 1861–1866. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. (On 7 Family History Library films.) Includes index. Lists name, rank, enlistment date and place, and residence. The records are also at the Michigan State Archives.
The library also has 50 volumes of:
Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Michigan Volunteers Descriptive Rolls, 1861–1866; Index to Michigan Volunteers, 1861–1865. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972. (On 16 Family History Library films.) Indexes are on films 915346–47. Lists name, rank, enlistment date and place, physical description, and service record. Lists death date and place for some individuals.
A register of commissioned officers is given in:
Robertson, John. Michigan in the War, Revised. Lansing, Michigan: W.S. George, 1882. (Family History Library book 977.4 M25a; film 1015816 item 1, and 982366 item 3; 1880 edition on film 1294017.) Alphabetical lists show officer's residence, enlistment date, regiment, promotions, and date mustered out.
After the Civil War, the Grand Army of the Republic Union veterans organization was formed. For 50 volumes of their records, see:
Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Michigan.. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973, 1991. (On 90 Family History Library films.) Indexed. Shows name, age, birth state, residence, occupation, service dates, and discharge cause.
Spanish American War (1898)[edit | edit source]
Muster out rolls of Michigan volunteers are in:
Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Michigan Volunteers, Spanish American War, 1898–1899. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. (On 5 Family History Library films.) Indexed. Lists name, enlistment date, by whom enlisted, and discharge date.
World War I (1914 to 1918)[edit | edit source]
World War I Card Index for Michigan. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976. (Family History Library films 1001930–66.) Often has places of residence and parents' names. Appears to be drafted persons only.
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For Michigan's registration cards, see:
United States. Selective Service System. Michigan, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On 217 Family History Library films.)
To find an individual's registration card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged by county, then by draft board within the county, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board. Most counties had only one board; large cities had more.
Additional Records[edit | edit source]
Many other kinds of military records—including state militia, national guard, and old soldier home records—can be found by looking under MICHIGAN - MILITARY RECORDS in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog.
Web Sites[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- 1880 Census Index CD Manual
- Michigan Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
- NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.