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Marengo County, Alabama Genealogy

Guide to Marengo County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Linden
Organized: February 6, 1818
Parent County(s): Choctaw Cession[1]
Neighboring Counties
Choctaw  • Clarke  • Dallas  • Greene  • Hale  • Perry  • Sumter  • Wilcox
See County Maps
Marengo County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Marengo County Alabama.png

County InformationEdit


The County was named in honor of a battlefield near Turin, Italy, where the French defeated the Austrians on June 14, 1800.[2]The County is located in the west-central area of the state.[3]

County CourthouseEdit

Marengo County Courthouse
101 East Coats Avenue #104
PO Box 480566
Linden, AL 36748
Phone: 334-295-2224
Fax: 334-295-2092
Marengo County Website

Probate Judge has marriage, probate and land records. Registrar in Chancery has divorce records.
Clerk circuit Court has court records.[4]

Marengo County, Alabama Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1881 1819 1906 1917 1820 1818 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record LossEdit

Marengo County had destructive courthouse fires in 1848 and 1965.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1818 Marengo County was created 6 February 1818 from the Choctaw Cession of 1816.
  • County seat: Linden[7]

Populated PlacesEdit

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Marengo County:[8]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Marengo, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Marengo county cemeteries.

  • Alabama cemetery records by county.
  • Additional Marengo County cemeteries are included in Alabama Cemetery Records Vol. 1 at FamilySearch Digital Library

Census RecordsEdit

For tips on accessing Marengo County census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Marengo County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1820 2,933
1830 7,700 162.5%
1840 17,264 124.2%
1850 27,831 61.2%
1860 31,171 12.0%
1870 26,151 −16.1%
1880 30,890 18.1%
1890 33,095 7.1%
1900 38,315 15.8%
1910 39,923 4.2%
1920 36,065 −9.7%
1930 36,426 1.0%
1940 35,736 −1.9%
1950 29,494 −17.5%
1960 27,098 −8.1%
1970 23,819 −12.1%
1980 25,047 5.2%
1990 23,084 −7.8%
2000 22,539 −2.4%
2010 21,027 −6.7%

State Census

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Ward and Branch Records

  • Magnolia

Court RecordsEdit


Marengo County, Alabama Online Historical Directories - identifies historical city, county, business and other directories available online on both and pay-to-access websites.

Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Marengo County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Marengo County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2008. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes surname index. FHL Book 976.1392 E7b.

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Marengo County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and GazetteersEdit

SumterHalePerryWilcoxChoctawGreeneDallasClarkeAL MARENGO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

Civil War, 1861-1865
Regiments. Men in Marengo County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Marengo County:

- 1st Battalion, Alabama Artillery, Company F
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D(Canebrake Rifle Guards)
- 11th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A
- 11th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D "Canebrake Legion"
- 21st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A "Washington Light Infantry"
- 21st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C "Marengo Rifles"
- 21st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E "Chamberlain Rifles or Woodruff Rifles"
- 21st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 23rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C
- 43rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A, B and E

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



Other RecordsEdit

Voting RecordsEdit

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Marengo County has three books, with working links to two:


Probate RecordsEdit

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry $

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

600 US Hwy 80 West
Demopolis, AL 36732
Phone: 334-289-2660


Demopolis Public Library
211 East Washington Street
Demopolis, Alabama 36732
Phone: 334-289-1595

Their genealogy collection is found in theGwyndolyn Collins Turner Reading Room. This includes local and state histories, newspapers, family files, census records, and more.



Marengo County Historical Society
P. O. Box 159
Demopolis, AL 36732


Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Marengo County, Alabama Genealogy and History", 6/08/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Marengo, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/08/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Alabama Counties: Marengo County in Alabama Department of Archives and History (accessed 16 March 2014).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Marengo County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 22 October 2018.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at