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Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy

Guide to Jackson County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Scottsboro
Organized: December 13, 1819
Parent County(s): Cherokee Cession[1]
Neighboring Counties
Dade (GA)  • De Kalb  • Franklin (TN)  • Lincoln (TN)  • Madison  • Marion (TN)  • Marshall
See County Maps
Jackson County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Jackson County Alabama.png
Andrew Jackson

County InformationEdit


The County was named after Andrew Jackson.[2] The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[3]

County CourthouseEdit

Jackson County Courthouse
102 E Laurel St., Courthouse
Scottsboro, AL 35768
Phone: 256-574-9320
Fax: 256-259-9981
Jackson County Website

Probate Judge has marriage records from 1851,probate records from 1850,land records from 1835 and 1900 Civil War Vets list;
Clerk Circuit Court has court records from 1920 and divorce records from 1895;
County Health Department has birth and death records;
Public library has cemetery records [4]

Jackson County, Alabama Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1892 1851 1892 1920 1835 1850 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record LossEdit

Jackson County had destructive courthouse fires in 1864, and 1920. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide pages 27-28 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1819-- Jackson County was created 13 December 1819 from the Cherokee Cession of 1816.
  • County seat: Scottsboro[7]

Populated PlacesEdit

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Jackson County:[8]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns
  • Abbott's Chapel

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit

Bibles of the Edmonds, Flowers, Green, Hembree, Hunt (3), Jenkins, Keeble, Kirby (2), Larkin, Lindsay, McKelvy, Price, and Stewart families were published in Volume 1 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Librarye. Volume 2 includes Bibles of the Acklen, Caperton, Cotton, Harris, Hunt, Lewis, Smith, and Woosley families. It is also available online at FamilySearch Digital Library -


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Jackson, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites have additional information on Jackson county cemeteries.

  • Alabama cemetery records by county.
  • Douthat, James L. Guntersville Reservoir Cemeteries. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free surname index and publisher's bookstore at Mountain Press.
  • Sumner, Christine P. Jackson County Alabama Records. Vol. 1&2. Scottsboro, Ala., 1971. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Librarye. Includes Beech Grove Cemetery, Kirkpatrick Cemetery, Smith Cemetery, Travis Cemetery, and Union Cemetery.

Census RecordsEdit

For tips on accessing Jackson County census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Jackson County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1820 8,751
1830 12,700 45.1%
1840 15,715 23.7%
1850 14,088 −10.4%
1860 18,283 29.8%
1870 19,410 6.2%
1880 25,114 29.4%
1890 28,026 11.6%
1900 30,508 8.9%
1910 32,918 7.9%
1920 35,864 8.9%
1930 36,881 2.8%
1940 41,802 13.3%
1950 38,998 −6.7%
1960 36,681 −5.9%
1970 39,202 6.9%
1980 51,407 31.1%
1990 47,796 −7.0%
2000 53,926 12.8%
2010 53,227 −1.3%

State Census

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Minutes of the Union Primitive Baptist Church (Woodville, Ala.) from 1840 to 1842 were published in Volume 1 of Jackson County Alabama Records, available online at FamilySearch Digital Librarye. (Begins on page 74.)

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Jackson County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Jackson County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2007. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes surname index. FHL Book 976.195 E7b.

Many early Jackson County land entries (starting in 1830) were published in Volume 2 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Librarye. (Begins on page 1.)

For recent deeds, check: Probate Court Land Index

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Jackson County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Kennamer, John Robert. History of Jackson County. Winchester, Tenn.: Press of Southern Print. and Pub. Co., 1935. Digital version at Ancestry $

Maps and GazetteersEdit

MadisonDeKalbMarshallLincoln County, TNFranklin County, TNMarion County, TNDade County, GAAL JACKSON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

Civil War
Regiments. Men in Jackson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jackson County:

- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry (Russell's), Company E and G
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K(Larkinsville Guards)
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F [subsequently, Company K]
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I "Raccoon Roughs" [subsequently, Company D]
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B "Railroad Guards"
- 12th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Comapny G "North Alabama Sharpshooters"
- 49th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C
- 50th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C, formerly Company F, 2nd Battalion

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit


  • Jackson County, Alabama Obituary and Death Notices Collection by - obituaries and death notices from various funeral homes in the Jackson County area
  • 1839-1937 (gaps) - Caver, Larry E. Abstracts from Alabama Newspapers, Volume II: Limestone County, Madison County, Marshall County, Jackson County. Carrollton, Miss.: Pioneer Publishing Co., 2007. Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library - Abstracts of The Bellefonte Courier (1839), The Jackson County Herald (1868), The Era & Star (1873), The Scottsboro Citizen (1879-1880, 1917), The Jackson County Sentinel (1932-1933, 1937), and The Progressive Age (1937)


Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

Early will books were destroyed in a fire. Will Book K, which begins in the mid-1850s, is the earliest Jackson County will book that survives. A portion of it was published in Volume 2 of Jackson County Alabama Records by Christine P. Sumner, which is available online at FamilySearch Digital Librarye. (Begins on page 16.)

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry $

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Scottsboro Alabama Family History Center
2376 Bob Jones Rd & 113 Greenwood A
Scottsboro AL 35768 United States



Jackson County Historical Society Museum
208 South Houston Street
Scottsboro, Alabama 35768
Phone: 256-259-2122


Tennessee Valley Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1568
Huntsville, Alabama 35807

Publication: Valley Leaves

Jackson County Historical Society
Rt. 1 Langston, AL

Publication: Jackson County Chronicles


Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Jackson County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 6/07/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/07/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 27-28. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Jackson County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 17 October 2018.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at