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Difference between revisions of "Ivory Coast Languages"

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What most people call vowels are more precisely known as "oral vowels" in French, to set them apart from nasal vowels. listed  here are the most common vowel sounds and combinations.<br>
 
What most people call vowels are more precisely known as "oral vowels" in French, to set them apart from nasal vowels. listed  here are the most common vowel sounds and combinations.<br>
  
''A'' is pronounced more or less like the a in "father."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>A</font color>''' is pronounced more or less like the a in "father."<br>
''AI'' is pronounced as in "bait."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>AI</font color>''' is pronounced as in "bait."<br>
''AU'' is pronounced like "oh."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>AU</font color>''' is pronounced like "oh."<br>
  
''E'' is usually pronounced like oo in "good," unless it has an accent<br>
+
'''<font color=green>E</font color>''' is usually pronounced like oo in "good," unless it has an accent<br>
''EAU'' is pronounced like "oh."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>EAU</font corlor>''' is pronounced like "oh."<br>
''EU'' is pronounced like oo in "good."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>EU</font color>''' is pronounced like oo in "good."<br>
  
''I'' is pronounced "ee."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>I</font color>''' is pronounced "ee."<br>
  
''O'' may be pronounced like "oh" or like the o in "son."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>O</font color>''' may be pronounced like "oh" or like the o in "son."<br>
''OI'' is pronounced "wah."<br>
+
'''<font color=green>OI</font color>''' is pronounced "wah."<br>
''OU'' is pronounced like ou in "soup."
+
'''<font color=green>OU</font color>''' is pronounced like ou in "soup."
  
''U'' is a very tricky sound with no English equivalent
+
'''<font color=green>U</font color>''' is a very tricky sound with no English equivalent
 
<ref>[https://www.lawlessfrench.com/pronunciation/vowels-for-beginners/ Vowel sounds]</ref>
 
<ref>[https://www.lawlessfrench.com/pronunciation/vowels-for-beginners/ Vowel sounds]</ref>
  
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This distinction is very important for certain verbs, which require spelling changes in order to maintain a soft pronunciation in front of a hard vowel<ref>[https://www.lawlessfrench.com/pronunciation/accents/ Accents]</ref>
 
This distinction is very important for certain verbs, which require spelling changes in order to maintain a soft pronunciation in front of a hard vowel<ref>[https://www.lawlessfrench.com/pronunciation/accents/ Accents]</ref>
 
  
 
====CONSONANTS====
 
====CONSONANTS====

Revision as of 16:39, 13 February 2020

Ivory Coast Wiki Topics
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Ivory Coast Background
Local Research Resources


Description[edit | edit source]

Alternative Names: Republic of Côte d'Ivoire; République de Côte d'Ivoire

Ivory Coast (French: Côte d'Ivoire) is a multilingual country with an estimated 78 languages currently spoken. But the official language, is French, it was introduced during the colonial period. This language is taught in schools and serves as a lingua franca in the country.

There are four major branches of the Niger-Congo language spoken among Ivoirians, including the Kwa, Atlantic, Mande, and Voltaic. Language areas correspond closely to the four cultural regions of the nation. Agni and Baoule, both Kwa languages, are the most widely spoken languages in the south.

In the north, variants of Mande and Senofu are the most widely spoken, but are also heard in almost all southern trading areas. No single African language is spoken by a majority of the population, and most Ivoirians speak two or more languages fluently.

French is used in schools and business and is spoken more frequently by men than by women. Arabic is taught in Quranic schools, which are most common in the north, and is spoken by immigrants from Lebanon and Syria. Many Ivoirians understand English, which is taught in high school and the National University of Côte d'Ivoire, but English is not a language of choice, even among the educated. [1]


Word Lists[edit | edit source]

For word list and help researching Ivory Coast records, see:


Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

The French alphabet is the same as English however the pronunciation is different for many letters. Alphabet pronunciations

VOWELS[edit | edit source]

The Vowels are A E I O U Y but they are not really considered just letters as much as they are a sound.

What most people call vowels are more precisely known as "oral vowels" in French, to set them apart from nasal vowels. listed here are the most common vowel sounds and combinations.

A is pronounced more or less like the a in "father."
AI is pronounced as in "bait."
AU is pronounced like "oh."

E is usually pronounced like oo in "good," unless it has an accent
EAU is pronounced like "oh."
EU is pronounced like oo in "good."

I is pronounced "ee."

O may be pronounced like "oh" or like the o in "son."
OI is pronounced "wah."
OU is pronounced like ou in "soup."

U is a very tricky sound with no English equivalent [2]

Accent symbols over letters are á é ô ç ï œ.

(first word in Italix=French word, second word bold=English)

Accent Found on Where it’s used and what it means Par exemple…
´ aigu e Often at the beginning of words that started with "s" in Latin une école----school
acute un état----state
^ circonflexe a, e, i, o, u Often means "s" followed that letter in Latin May distinguish between two words or change pronunciation un hôpital----hospital
circumflex sur vs sûr----on / sure
` grave a, e, u Often distinguishes between two words May indicate pronunciation la vs là----the / there
grave Très----very
¨ tréma e, i Consecutive vowels must be pronounced separately canoë----canoe
dieresis maïs----corn
¸ cedilla c Only in front of a, o, and u; changes hard c (k sound) into soft c (s sound) la leçon----lesson
cedilla ça----that


When spelling out loud, there are two different ways to indicate accents: by naming them as you go or by mentioning them at the end.

Par exemple : très

  1. t – r – e accent grave – s
  2. t – r – e – s, avec accent grave sur le e

É is known as e accent aigu, but may also be called simply é –learn more

There’s also a special character created by two vowels that join together: œ ligature.

There are two different ways to categorize French vowel sounds:


1. Sound production: oral vs nasal

  • Oral vowels are pronounced by passing air through the mouth: A E I O U
  • Nasal vowels are pronounced by passing air through the mouth and nose: AN IN ON UN


2. Effect on consonants: hard vs soft
C onsonants C, G, and S have two different pronunciations in French: A hard sound and a soft sound. For C and G, the sound required in any given word depends on which vowel follows the consonant.

  • Hard vowels: A, O, U. When followed by any of these vowels (or by a consonant), the consonant has a hard pronunciation.
  • Soft vowels: E, I, Y. When followed by any of these vowels, the consonant has a soft pronunciation.

This distinction is very important for certain verbs, which require spelling changes in order to maintain a soft pronunciation in front of a hard vowel[3]

CONSONANTS[edit | edit source]

More than half of French consonants are very similar to their English counterparts, while a few are completely different. Here’s a quick overview to help you get started.

Ten French consonants are pronounced more or less the same in French and English, they are: B D F K L P V X Y Z

Two letters are pronounced as in English in some places (e.g., at the beginning of a word) but completely differently in others (such as at the end of a word) They are: M N

Four French consonants are pronounced differently depending on what letter follows them, They are: C G S T

One letter is always silent, that is : H

Finally, four consonants are completely different in French than in English, they are: J Q R W [4]


Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Translator write the word/words on the English side. French word with appear on the opposite side and there is a speaker symbol, click that and it will translate the sound of the word/words in French.


Added Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]