Difference between revisions of "Indigenous Peoples of Wyoming"

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'''Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning 'mountains and valley alternating".'''
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| link3=[[Wyoming, United States Genealogy|Wyoming]]
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| link5=[[Indigenous Peoples of Wyoming]]
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{{WY-sidebar}}
  
== Tribes and Bands of Wyoming ==
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<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[American Indian Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div><br>
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Learn about the tribes and bands, agencies, records and reservations of the Indians of Wyoming.
  
Arapaho, Bannock, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crows, Cree, Dakota, Gros Venutreno or Chumashan, Gosiute, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, Menominee, Numa, Paiute, Pawnee, Shoshoni, Sioux, Ute (Southern)
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To learn how to get started with American Indian research, find research facilities, and American Indian websites [[American Indian Genealogy|click here]].
  
'''Reference'''  
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Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning ''mountains and valleys alternating''.__TOC__
  
:Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.'' Washington D.C.;Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907.
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=== Tribes and Bands of Wyoming  ===
  
:Swanton, John R. T''he Indian tribes of North America ''([http://www.accessgenealogy.com http://www.accessgenealogy.com] ) Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin #145.
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wyoming has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [https://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook-of-american-indians-north-of-mexico.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wyoming/index.htm Available online].</ref>.  
  
== Reservations  ==
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*[[Arapaho Indians|Arapaho]]
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*[[Bannock Indians|Bannock]]
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*[[Cheyenne Indians|Cheyenne]]
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*[[Comanche Indians|Comanche]]
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*[[Crow Indians|Crow]]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dakota-tribe.htm Dakota]
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*[[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]]
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*[[Kiowa Apache Indians|Kiowa-Apache&nbsp;]]
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*[[Pawnee Indians|Pawnee]]
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*[[Shoshone Indians|Shoshoni]]
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*[[Ute Indians|Ute]]
  
As identified in the [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/fedlands.html#ia ''National Atlas of the United States of America''], the following reservation names in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations:
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=== '''Agencies''' of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ===
  
<br>
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[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.
  
Shoshone Indian Reservation
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The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Wyoming has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.
  
Wind River Reservation -- Federal, under juridiction of Wind River Agency; Tribes: Shoshoni and Arapaho
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*[[Fort Bridger Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Fort Bridger Agency]]
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*[[Red Cloud Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Red Cloud Agency]]
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*[[Shoshone Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Shoshone Agency]]
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*[[Shoshone and Bannock Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Shoshone and Bannock Agency]]
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*[[Upper Platte Indian Agency|Upper Platte Agency]]
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*[[Wind River Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Wind River Agency]], Ft. Washakie, WY, 82514
  
'''Reference'''
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=== Records  ===
  
:Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices. Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E. Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
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The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
  
== '''Agencies'''  ==
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*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
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*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
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*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
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*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
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*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
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*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
  
Red Cloud Agency
 
  
Shoshoni Agency Wind River Agency: Ft. Washakie, WY, 82514
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===Allotment Records===
  
'''Reference'''
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Allotted Tribes of Wyoming
  
:Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. Clearwater&nbsp; Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.
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•Wind River
  
== Schools  ==
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=== Indian Schools  ===
  
=== '''See also:'''  ===
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The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.
  
[[Wyoming History|Wyoming_History]] for a calendar of events
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In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])
  
[[Wyoming Military Records|Wyoming_Military Records]]'''''&nbsp;'''''for a list of forts
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=== Family History Library  ===
  
== Family History Library ==
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The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of [[Wyoming Genealogy|Wyoming]] for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)]]. Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the FamilySearch Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.
  
The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of [[Portal:Wyoming|Wyoming]] for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the National Archives—Rocky Mountain Region (Denver) at http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/. Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the Family History Library Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.
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*Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film {{FHL|1549631|film|disp=1549631}}
  
*Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1549631 1549631]
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See also the Family History catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Oklahoma+Native+Races&prekeyword=Oklahoma+Native+Races Wyoming Native Races] for over 600 titles
  
== Web Sites ==
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=== Reservations ===
  
[[Category:Wyoming]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
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There is only one federally-recognized reservation in Wyoming. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.
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For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[https://nationalmap.gov/small_scale/printable/fedlands.html#wy Wyoming - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
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Further information about Indian reservations in the United States can be found in the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [https://nationalmap.gov/small_scale/printable/fedlands.html#wy Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Other reservations may have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
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*[[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|'''Wind River Reservation''']] -- located in west-central Wyoming; Tribes: Shoshoni and Arapaho
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=== For Further Reading  ===
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See also '''[[American Indian For Further Reading]]'''.
 +
 
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*[[Wyoming History|Wyoming_History]] Wiki page for a calendar of events
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*[[Wyoming Military Records|Wyoming_Military Recordsfor]] Wiki page list of forts
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*Morgan, Dale L. ''Shoshonean Peoples and the Overland Trails: Frontiers of the Utah Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1869,'' ed. Richard L. Saunders. Logan: Utah State Univ. Press, 2007.
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=== References  ===
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<references />
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{{American Indian}} {{Wyoming|Wyoming}}
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[[Category:Wyoming Indian Tribes]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Latest revision as of 17:43, 24 March 2020

Wyoming Wiki Topics
Wyoming flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Wyoming Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources


Learn about the tribes and bands, agencies, records and reservations of the Indians of Wyoming.

To learn how to get started with American Indian research, find research facilities, and American Indian websites click here.

Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning mountains and valleys alternating.

Tribes and Bands of Wyoming[edit | edit source]

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wyoming has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2].

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs[edit | edit source]

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Wyoming has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:


Allotment Records[edit | edit source]

Allotted Tribes of Wyoming

•Wind River

Indian Schools[edit | edit source]

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

Family History Library[edit | edit source]

The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of Wyoming for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver). Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the FamilySearch Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.

  • Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library  1st film 1549631

See also the Family History catalog Wyoming Native Races for over 600 titles

Reservations[edit | edit source]

There is only one federally-recognized reservation in Wyoming. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.

For a current reservation map - Wyoming - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

Further information about Indian reservations in the United States can be found in the National Atlas of the United States of America[5], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[6], and other sources. Other reservations may have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

See also American Indian For Further Reading.

  • Wyoming_History Wiki page for a calendar of events
  • Wyoming_Military Recordsfor Wiki page list of forts
  • Morgan, Dale L. Shoshonean Peoples and the Overland Trails: Frontiers of the Utah Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1869, ed. Richard L. Saunders. Logan: Utah State Univ. Press, 2007.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  5. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  6. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.