Difference between revisions of "Indigenous Peoples of Wyoming"

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'''Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning 'mountains and valley alternating".'''
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== Tribes and Bands of Wyoming ==
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<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[American Indian Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div><br>
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Learn about the tribes and bands, agencies, records and reservations of the Indians of Wyoming.
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wyoming has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wyoming/index.htm Available online].</ref>.  
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To learn how to get started with American Indian research, find research facilities, and American Indian websites [[American Indian Genealogy|click here]].  
  
*[[Arapaho_Indians|Arapaho ]]
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Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning ''mountains and valleys alternating''.__TOC__
*[[Bannock Indians|Bannock]]
 
*[[Cheyenne_Indians|Cheyenne]]
 
*[[Comanche_Indians|Comanche]]
 
*[[Crow_Indians|Crow]]
 
*Dakota
 
*[[Kiowa_Indians|Kiowa]]
 
*Kiowa-Apache&nbsp;
 
*[[Pawnee_Indians|Pawnee]]
 
*[[Shoshone Indians|Shoshoni]]
 
*[[Ute_Indians|Ute]]
 
 
 
== Reservations  ==
 
  
There is only one federally-recognized reservation in Wyoming. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.
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=== Tribes and Bands of Wyoming ===
  
Further information about Indian reservations in the United States can be found in the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/wy.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Other reservations may have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.  
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wyoming has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [https://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook-of-american-indians-north-of-mexico.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wyoming/index.htm Available online].</ref>.  
  
*[[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|'''Wind River Reservation''']] -- located in west-central Wyoming; Tribes: Shoshoni and Arapaho
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*[[Arapaho Indians|Arapaho]]  
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*[[Bannock Indians|Bannock]]
 +
*[[Cheyenne Indians|Cheyenne]]
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*[[Comanche Indians|Comanche]]
 +
*[[Crow Indians|Crow]]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dakota-tribe.htm Dakota]
 +
*[[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]]
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*[[Kiowa Apache Indians|Kiowa-Apache&nbsp;]]
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*[[Pawnee Indians|Pawnee]]
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*[[Shoshone Indians|Shoshoni]]
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*[[Ute Indians|Ute]]
  
== '''Agencies''' of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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=== '''Agencies''' of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ===
  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
  
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Wyoming has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=247426&amp;amp;amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=207428&amp;amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
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The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Wyoming has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Fort Bridger Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Fort Bridger Agency]]  
 
*[[Fort Bridger Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Fort Bridger Agency]]  
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*[[Wind River Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Wind River Agency]], Ft. Washakie, WY, 82514
 
*[[Wind River Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Wind River Agency]], Ft. Washakie, WY, 82514
  
== Indian Schools  ==
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=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
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*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
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*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
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*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
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*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
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*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Allotment Records===
 +
 
 +
Allotted Tribes of Wyoming
 +
 
 +
•Wind River
 +
 
 +
=== Indian Schools  ===
  
 
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
 
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
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In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
  
== '''See Also:''' ==
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=== Family History Library ===
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The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of [[Wyoming Genealogy|Wyoming]] for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)]]. Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the FamilySearch Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.
  
[[Wyoming History|Wyoming_History]] for a calendar of events
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*Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film {{FHL|1549631|film|disp=1549631}}
  
[[Wyoming Military Records|Wyoming_Military Records]]'''''&nbsp;'''''for a list of forts
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See also the Family History catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Oklahoma+Native+Races&prekeyword=Oklahoma+Native+Races Wyoming Native Races] for over 600 titles
  
== Family History Library ==
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=== Reservations ===
  
The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of [[Wyoming|Wyoming]] for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the National Archives—Rocky Mountain Region (Denver) at http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/. Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the Family History Library Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.  
+
There is only one federally-recognized reservation in Wyoming. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.  
  
*Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1549631 1549631]
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For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[https://nationalmap.gov/small_scale/printable/fedlands.html#wy Wyoming - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  
== References  ==
+
Further information about Indian reservations in the United States can be found in the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [https://nationalmap.gov/small_scale/printable/fedlands.html#wy Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Other reservations may have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
 +
 
 +
*[[Wind River Indian Reservation (Wyoming)|'''Wind River Reservation''']] -- located in west-central Wyoming; Tribes: Shoshoni and Arapaho
 +
 
 +
=== For Further Reading  ===
 +
 
 +
See also '''[[American Indian For Further Reading]]'''.
 +
 
 +
*[[Wyoming History|Wyoming_History]] Wiki page for a calendar of events
 +
*[[Wyoming Military Records|Wyoming_Military Recordsfor]] Wiki page list of forts
 +
*Morgan, Dale L. ''Shoshonean Peoples and the Overland Trails: Frontiers of the Utah Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1869,'' ed. Richard L. Saunders. Logan: Utah State Univ. Press, 2007.
 +
 
 +
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
==== Bibliography  ====
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{{American Indian}} {{Wyoming|Wyoming}}
 
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
 
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/wy.pdf Available online.]
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wyoming/index.htm Available online].
 
  
[[Category:Wyoming]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
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[[Category:Wyoming Indian Tribes]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Latest revision as of 17:43, 24 March 2020

Wyoming Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Wyoming Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources


Learn about the tribes and bands, agencies, records and reservations of the Indians of Wyoming.

To learn how to get started with American Indian research, find research facilities, and American Indian websites click here.

Wyoming is a Delaware Indian word meaning mountains and valleys alternating.

Tribes and Bands of Wyoming[edit | edit source]

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wyoming has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2].

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs[edit | edit source]

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Wyoming has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:


Allotment Records[edit | edit source]

Allotted Tribes of Wyoming

•Wind River

Indian Schools[edit | edit source]

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

Family History Library[edit | edit source]

The Family History Library has copies of the Wind River Agency files of Wyoming for the years 1881 to 1953. These are detailed records kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The original records are at the National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver). Other American Indian records are listed in the subject section of the FamilySearch Catalog under the names of the tribes, such as SHOSHONI INDIANS.

  • Wyoming Superintendency 13 films Family History Library  1st film 1549631

See also the Family History catalog Wyoming Native Races for over 600 titles

Reservations[edit | edit source]

There is only one federally-recognized reservation in Wyoming. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.

For a current reservation map - Wyoming - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

Further information about Indian reservations in the United States can be found in the National Atlas of the United States of America[5], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[6], and other sources. Other reservations may have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

See also American Indian For Further Reading.

  • Wyoming_History Wiki page for a calendar of events
  • Wyoming_Military Recordsfor Wiki page list of forts
  • Morgan, Dale L. Shoshonean Peoples and the Overland Trails: Frontiers of the Utah Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1869, ed. Richard L. Saunders. Logan: Utah State Univ. Press, 2007.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  5. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  6. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.