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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_South_Carolina]]''[[Image:{{CatawbaPotter}}]]
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=== Tribes and Bands of South Carolina ===
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===Tribes and Bands of South Carolina===
  
 
A list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled by John R. Swanton in his ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref> Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became South Carolina. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. And some may simply be variant spellings.  
 
A list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled by John R. Swanton in his ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref> Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became South Carolina. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. And some may simply be variant spellings.  
  
[[Catawba Indians|Catawba]], [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]], Chiaha, [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], Congaree, [[Creek Indians|Creek]], Cusabo, Eno, Keyauwee, [[Natchez Indians|Natchez]], Pedee, Saluda, Santee, Sewee, Shakori, [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]], Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Winyaw, Yamasee, Yuchi  
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[[Catawba Indians|Catawba]], [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/chiaha-tribe.htm Chiaha], [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/congaree-tribe.htm Congaree], [[Creek Indians|Creek]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cusabo-indian-tribe.htm Cusabo], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/north-carolina/eno-tribe.htm Eno], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/keyauwee-tribe.htm Keyauwee], [[Natchez Indians|Natchez]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pedee-tribe.htm Pedee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/saluda-tribe.htm Saluda], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/santee-tribe.htm Santee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/sewee-tribe.htm Sewee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/shakori-tribe.htm Shakori], [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/sissipahaw-tribe.htm Sissipahaw], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/sugeree-tribe.htm Sugaree], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/waccamaw-tribe.htm Waccamaw], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wateree-tribe.htm Wateree], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/waxhaw-tribe.htm Waxhaw], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/winyaw-tribe.htm Winyaw], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/yamasee-tribe.htm Yamasee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/yuchi-tribe.htm Yuchi]
  
 
Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of South Carolina, at least for a short time.  
 
Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of South Carolina, at least for a short time.  
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The following tribal names have been suggested as having resided in South Carolina, but no documentation for their contact with this state has been identified.  
 
The following tribal names have been suggested as having resided in South Carolina, but no documentation for their contact with this state has been identified.  
  
Cherokee - Iroquaian, Siouan, Muskhogean and Algonquain Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw  
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Cherokee - Iroquaian, [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/the-siouan-indians.htm Siouan], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/search/?q=Muskhogean+tribe Muskhogean] and Algonquain Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw  
 +
 
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=== South Carolina State Recognized Tribes ===
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*[http://www.beavercreekindians.org/ Beaver Creek Indians]
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*[http://www.edistonatchez-kussotribe.com/ Edisto Natchez-Kusso Indians ]
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*[http://gonativeamerican.com/peedeeofuppersc/hello-world/ Pee Dee Nation] of Upper South Carolina
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pee_Dee_people Pee Dee ]Tribe of South Carolina
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santee_tribe Santee Indian Organization] (formerly White Oak Indian Community)
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*[http://waccamawindians.us/ Waccamaw Indian People]
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*[http://www.wassamasawtribe.com/ Wassamasaw Tribe of Varnertown Indians]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaloklowa_Chickasaw Chaloklowa Chickasaw Indian People]
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*[http://www.cherokeesofsouthcarolina.com/ Eastern Cherokee]
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*[http://www.cherokeesofsouthcarolina.com/index.html Southern Iroquois and United Tribes of South Carolina], Inc.(also known as Cherokee Indian Tribe of South Carolina or ECSIUT)
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natchez_people Natchez Indian Tribe]&nbsp;
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*[http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/beaver-creek-pee-dee-indians-sc.html Pee Dee Indian nation of Beaver Creek ]
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*[http://www.paialowereasterncherokeenationsc.com/ Piedmont American Indian Association] of South Carolina.
 +
 
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Waddell, Gene. Indians of the South Carolina Lowcountry, 1562-1751. {{FHL|9715|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 W117i}} [http://www.worldcat.org/title/indians-of-the-south-carolina-lowcountry-1562-1751/oclc/866729944 WorldCat]
  
== Reservations  ==
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=== Reservations  ===
  
 
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.  
 
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.  
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
 
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
  
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/sc.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book {{FHL|433280|title-id|disp=973 E5}})</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.  
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/fedlands.html#list Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E (Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991) {{FHL|433280|item|disp=FHL book 973 E5}}</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.  
  
Reservation Map - [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/SC.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 South Carolina - Indian&nbsp;Reservations ]-&nbsp;Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. <br>
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Reservation Map - [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/SC.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 South Carolina - Indian&nbsp;Reservations ]-&nbsp;Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. <br>  
  
 
*Catawba Reservation, State, Tribe: Catawba
 
*Catawba Reservation, State, Tribe: Catawba
  
== Records  ==
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=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
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*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
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*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
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*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
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*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
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*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
  
 
A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:  
 
A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:  
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=== Family History Library  ===
 
=== Family History Library  ===
  
The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in [[South Carolina]] in the colonial era. The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, ''Red Carolinians ''(Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940; Family History Library {{FHL|196591|title-id|disp=book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5}}).  
+
The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in [[South Carolina Genealogy|South Carolina]] in the colonial era.  
 +
 
 +
*The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, ''Red Carolinians ''(Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940) {{FHL|196591|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5}}  
 +
*To access other documents and histories of Indians in South Carolina available through the Family History Library, use the Place-names search at the FamilySearch Catalog for:
 +
 
 +
:[https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=South+Carolina+Native+Races&prekeyword=South+Carolina+Native+Races SOUTH CAROLINA - NATIVE RACES]
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 +
:SOUTH CAROLINA,[COUNTY] - NATIVE RACES
  
=== Web Sites ===
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=== Websites ===
  
 
[http://carolinandnheritage.tripod.com/ Carolina Indian Heritage Association]  
 
[http://carolinandnheritage.tripod.com/ Carolina Indian Heritage Association]  
  
South Carolina's Information Highway (SCIWAY)http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/history.html This site gives information on the South Carolina Indians: tribes, Geography, history, Language, Place Names and Resources  
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[http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/history.html South Carolina's Information Highway (SCIWAY)] This site gives information on the South Carolina Indians: tribes, Geography, history, Language, Place Names and Resources  
  
 
=== See also:  ===
 
=== See also:  ===
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=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
<references />
+
<references />  
  
 
=== Bibliography  ===
 
=== Bibliography  ===
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*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://picasaweb.google.com/craingen/Surviving_Indian_Groups# Available online].  
+
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://gilbert1948.webs.com/ Available online].  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
+
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [https://archive.org/details/handbookamindians02hodgrich Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/SC.pdf Available online].  
 
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/SC.pdf Available online].  
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{{American Indian}} {{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{American Indian}} {{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
[[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:South_Carolina]]
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[[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:South Carolina, United States|Indians of South Carolina]]

Latest revision as of 19:59, 19 August 2017

South Carolina Wiki Topics
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Catawba Indians were known for their pottery.


Tribes and Bands of South Carolina[edit | edit source]

A list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled by John R. Swanton in his The Indian Tribes of North America[1] Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became South Carolina. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. And some may simply be variant spellings.

Catawba, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Congaree, Creek, Cusabo, Eno, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pedee, Saluda, Santee, Sewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Winyaw, Yamasee, Yuchi

Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of South Carolina, at least for a short time.

The following tribal names have been suggested as having resided in South Carolina, but no documentation for their contact with this state has been identified.

Cherokee - Iroquaian, Siouan, Muskhogean and Algonquain Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw

South Carolina State Recognized Tribes[edit | edit source]

Waddell, Gene. Indians of the South Carolina Lowcountry, 1562-1751. FHL book 970.1 W117i WorldCat

Reservations[edit | edit source]

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[2], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[3], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Reservation Map - South Carolina - Indian Reservations - Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

  • Catawba Reservation, State, Tribe: Catawba

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:

  • Catawba Indian Records: The Second Census of the Catawba Indians and Other Miscellaneous Records. MSS. FHL Book 970.3 C281c

Family History Library[edit | edit source]

The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in South Carolina in the colonial era.

  • The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, Red Carolinians (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940) FHL book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5
  • To access other documents and histories of Indians in South Carolina available through the Family History Library, use the Place-names search at the FamilySearch Catalog for:
SOUTH CAROLINA - NATIVE RACES
SOUTH CAROLINA,[COUNTY] - NATIVE RACES

Websites[edit | edit source]

Carolina Indian Heritage Association

South Carolina's Information Highway (SCIWAY) This site gives information on the South Carolina Indians: tribes, Geography, history, Language, Place Names and Resources

See also:[edit | edit source]

South Carolina - Church Records for a list of missions

South Carolina - Military Records for a list of forts

South Carolina_History

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  2. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  3. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E (Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991) FHL book 973 E5

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Available online.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.