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Difference between revisions of "Illinois Probate Records"

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=== Jurisdictions  ===
 
=== Jurisdictions  ===
  
Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)<br>County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)<br>County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)<br>County Court (1848 - 1964)<br>Circuit Court (1964 - present)  
+
Variations existed within counties as probate jurisdictions changed over the years.
 +
 
 +
'''Territorial (1787 - 1818)'''<br>County Probate Judge and Clerk (1787 - 1795)<br>Orphans Court composed of Justices of Quarter Sessions (1795 - 1805)<br>Court of Common Pleas (1805 - 1816)<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)
 +
 
 +
'''State (1818 - present)'''<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)<br>Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)<br>County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)<br>County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)<br>County Court (1848 - 1964)<br>Circuit Court (1964 - present)  
  
 
=== State Statutes  ===
 
=== State Statutes  ===
Line 18: Line 22:
  
 
*Jones, William C. ''A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....''Chicago: T.H. Flood &amp; Co., 1892.View a free digital version on[http://www.archive.org/details/jurisdictionofpr00jone Internet Archive]''. ''  
 
*Jones, William C. ''A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....''Chicago: T.H. Flood &amp; Co., 1892.View a free digital version on[http://www.archive.org/details/jurisdictionofpr00jone Internet Archive]''. ''  
*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....''Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1875. View a free digital version on [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 Internet Archive].<br>
+
*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....''Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1875. View a free digital version on [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 Internet Archive].<br>  
 
*Simons, Franklin Pierce. ''A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois''....Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1907. View a free digital version on [http://www.archive.org/details/probatepracticel01simo Internet Archive].
 
*Simons, Franklin Pierce. ''A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois''....Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1907. View a free digital version on [http://www.archive.org/details/probatepracticel01simo Internet Archive].
  
Line 42: Line 46:
 
*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts in the Probate of Wills and Settlement of Estates...Illinois....'' Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Company, 1875. Available free [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 online].  
 
*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts in the Probate of Wills and Settlement of Estates...Illinois....'' Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Company, 1875. Available free [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 online].  
 
*Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004.
 
*Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004.
 +
 +
=== Sources  ===
 +
 +
*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004. There is a Probate Records section under each state's listings.
 +
*Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. ''The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. ''Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Understanding Probate Records and Basic Legal Terminology," "What About Wills?" and "The Intestate—Miscellaneous Probate Records—Guardianships."
 +
*Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. ''Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library.'' Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at Google Books.
 +
*Rose, Christine. ''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Estates Galore," "Estate Documents," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and "Strategies that Work."
 +
*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. ''The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy.'' Third edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277.
  
 
<br> {{Illinois|Illinois}}  
 
<br> {{Illinois|Illinois}}  
  
 
[[Category:Illinois|Probate]]
 
[[Category:Illinois|Probate]]

Revision as of 07:55, 11 October 2010

Portal:United States Probate >Illinois

Record Overview[edit | edit source]

Probate encompasses all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, whether there is a will (testate) or not (intestate). Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. Probate records may not give an exact death date, but the death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Wills usually mention the names of heirs and frequently specify how those heirs are related. Names of children are given, as well as married names of daughters.

While probate records are one of the most accurate sources of genealogical evidence, they have limitations.

Jurisdictions[edit | edit source]

Variations existed within counties as probate jurisdictions changed over the years.

Territorial (1787 - 1818)
County Probate Judge and Clerk (1787 - 1795)
Orphans Court composed of Justices of Quarter Sessions (1795 - 1805)
Court of Common Pleas (1805 - 1816)
Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)

State (1818 - present)
Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)
Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)
County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)
County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)
County Court (1848 - 1964)
Circuit Court (1964 - present)

State Statutes[edit | edit source]

Understanding the Illinois probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems. For additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate matters, see:

  • Jones, William C. A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....Chicago: T.H. Flood & Co., 1892.View a free digital version onInternet Archive.
  • North, Levi. A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1875. View a free digital version on Internet Archive.
  • Simons, Franklin Pierce. A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois....Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1907. View a free digital version on Internet Archive.

Obtaining the Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes

The Illinois Regional Archives Depositories includes some online Illinois probate indexes.

National Repositories

The Family History Library has microfilmed many Illinois probate records, generally from the date of the county’s creation until the early 1900s. Probate records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search.

Web Sites

Learn More[edit | edit source]

  • Anne Roach, Courthouse Records Overview (35 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes Online, 2010.
  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources. Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004. (See page 185.)
  • North, Levi. A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts in the Probate of Wills and Settlement of Estates...Illinois.... Chicago: Callaghan & Company, 1875. Available free online.
  • Rose, Christine.Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures. San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004.

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources. Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004. There is a Probate Records section under each state's listings.
  • Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Understanding Probate Records and Basic Legal Terminology," "What About Wills?" and "The Intestate—Miscellaneous Probate Records—Guardianships."
  • Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library. Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at Google Books.
  • Rose, Christine. Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures. San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Estates Galore," "Estate Documents," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and "Strategies that Work."
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy. Third edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277.