Difference between revisions of "German Confederation"

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[[Portal:Germany]]
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The German Confederation was an loose association created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 after the final defeat of Napoleon, to serve as successor to the German Holy Roman Empire. Revolutions in 1848 and attempts at an unification of a German state failed, resulted in brief re-establishment. Rivalry between Austria and Preussen over the rights to rule German lands, led to the Austro-Prussian War, also called Seven-Week War, in German it is called ''Deutscher Krieg'', ''Osterreichisch-preussischer Krieg'' or ''Bruderkrieg''.
  
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After the end of the war, Preussen formed the [[Northern German Confederation]].
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ruling Members of the German Confederation were:
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On the whole, its territory nearly coincided with that remaining in the Holy Roman Empire when Napoleon caused its end; with the exception of the two rivalling major powers, Habsburg and Prussia, and the western left bank of the Rhine (which France had annexed, with tiny Katzenellenbogen) the other member states or their precursors, most of present Germany, had been within his Confederation of the Rhine.
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The Austrian Empire (without the Kingdom of Hungary, Transylvania, Bukovina, and Croatia, which became the apostolic kingdom of Hungary within the Danubian Dual Monarchy, the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (constituting parts lost to Italy in 1859- viz. 1866), the kingdoms of Dalmatia and Galicia)
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# Austria (split into Upper Austria and Lower Austria in 1849)
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# Kingdom of Bohemia (''Bohmen'')<br>
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# Duchy of Carinthia (''Karnten'')<br>
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# Duchy of Carniola (''Krain'')<br>
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# Littoral (consisting of Gorizia and Gradisca, Istria and Trieste) <span lang="de">''(Osterreichisches Kustenland''</span>)
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# March of Moravia (''Morava'')<br>
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# Grand Duchy of Salzburg
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# Duchy of Ober and Nieder Schlesien
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# Duchy of Styria <span lang="de">''(Herzogtum Steiermark''</span>)
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# County of Tyrol
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# Vorarlberg
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# The Kingdom of Pruessen (without Posen, Ospreussen and Westpreussen)
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## Brandenburg the homeland, with the capital
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## Pommern
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## Rheinland (until 1822, Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg)
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## Sachsen
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## Schlesien
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## Westfalen (different from and significantly smaller than the former Napoleonic Kingdom of Westfalen)
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# The Kingdom of Bayern (the third largest member)
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# The Kingdom of Hannover
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# The Kingdom of Sachsen
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# The Kingdom of Wuerttemberg
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# The Electorate of Hessen
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# The Grand Duchy of Baden
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# The Grand Duchy of Hessen
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# The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (lost in 1839 over half of its territory in the west to Belgium, in the aftermath of the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Nederlands; only the easternmore present independent country, then in personal union with the Dutch crown, remained in the Confederation until 1866)
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# The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
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# The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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# The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
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# The Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (Duchy of Anhalt from 1863)
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# The Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg (to 1863)
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# The Duchy of Anhalt-Kothen (to 1847)
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# The Duchy of Brunswick-Luneburg, or Brunswick for short
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# The Duchy of Holstein (in personal union with the Kingdom of Danmark, was not a former member of the Confederation of the Rhine)
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# The Duchy of Lauenburg
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# The Duchy of Limburg (became a member in 1839 after losing half of its territory in the west to Belgium, in the aftermath of the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands; only the easternmore present Dutch province of Limburg was in the Confederation)
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# The Duchy of Nassau
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# The Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (to 1825)
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# The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 1826)
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# The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
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# The Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Saxe-Altenburg from 1826)
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# The Duchy of Oldenburg (Grand Duchy from 1829)
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# The Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg (from 1817)
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# The Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
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# The Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
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# The Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1850)
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# The Principality of Liechtenstein
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# The Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (to 1850)
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# The Principality of Waldeck
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# The Principality of Reuss altere linie
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# The Principality of Reuss Junior Line
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# The Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
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# The Principality of Lippe
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# The Free City of Lubeck
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# The Free City of Frankfurt am Main<br>
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# The Free City of Bremen <br>
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# The Free City of Hamburg
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<br> [[Portal:Germany]] <!--{12089657963280} --> <!--{12089657963281} -->
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<!--{12089657963282} -->
 
[[Category:Germany]]
 
[[Category:Germany]]

Revision as of 09:50, 23 April 2008

The German Confederation was an loose association created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 after the final defeat of Napoleon, to serve as successor to the German Holy Roman Empire. Revolutions in 1848 and attempts at an unification of a German state failed, resulted in brief re-establishment. Rivalry between Austria and Preussen over the rights to rule German lands, led to the Austro-Prussian War, also called Seven-Week War, in German it is called Deutscher Krieg, Osterreichisch-preussischer Krieg or Bruderkrieg.

After the end of the war, Preussen formed the Northern German Confederation.

ruling Members of the German Confederation were:

On the whole, its territory nearly coincided with that remaining in the Holy Roman Empire when Napoleon caused its end; with the exception of the two rivalling major powers, Habsburg and Prussia, and the western left bank of the Rhine (which France had annexed, with tiny Katzenellenbogen) the other member states or their precursors, most of present Germany, had been within his Confederation of the Rhine.

The Austrian Empire (without the Kingdom of Hungary, Transylvania, Bukovina, and Croatia, which became the apostolic kingdom of Hungary within the Danubian Dual Monarchy, the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (constituting parts lost to Italy in 1859- viz. 1866), the kingdoms of Dalmatia and Galicia)

  1. Austria (split into Upper Austria and Lower Austria in 1849)
  2. Kingdom of Bohemia (Bohmen)
  3. Duchy of Carinthia (Karnten)
  4. Duchy of Carniola (Krain)
  5. Littoral (consisting of Gorizia and Gradisca, Istria and Trieste) (Osterreichisches Kustenland)
  6. March of Moravia (Morava)
  7. Grand Duchy of Salzburg
  8. Duchy of Ober and Nieder Schlesien
  9. Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steiermark)
  10. County of Tyrol
  11. Vorarlberg
  12. The Kingdom of Pruessen (without Posen, Ospreussen and Westpreussen)
    1. Brandenburg the homeland, with the capital
    2. Pommern
    3. Rheinland (until 1822, Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg)
    4. Sachsen
    5. Schlesien
    6. Westfalen (different from and significantly smaller than the former Napoleonic Kingdom of Westfalen)
  13. The Kingdom of Bayern (the third largest member)
  14. The Kingdom of Hannover
  15. The Kingdom of Sachsen
  16. The Kingdom of Wuerttemberg
  17. The Electorate of Hessen
  18. The Grand Duchy of Baden
  19. The Grand Duchy of Hessen
  20. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (lost in 1839 over half of its territory in the west to Belgium, in the aftermath of the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Nederlands; only the easternmore present independent country, then in personal union with the Dutch crown, remained in the Confederation until 1866)
  21. The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  22. The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  23. The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  24. The Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (Duchy of Anhalt from 1863)
  25. The Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg (to 1863)
  26. The Duchy of Anhalt-Kothen (to 1847)
  27. The Duchy of Brunswick-Luneburg, or Brunswick for short
  28. The Duchy of Holstein (in personal union with the Kingdom of Danmark, was not a former member of the Confederation of the Rhine)
  29. The Duchy of Lauenburg
  30. The Duchy of Limburg (became a member in 1839 after losing half of its territory in the west to Belgium, in the aftermath of the breakup of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands; only the easternmore present Dutch province of Limburg was in the Confederation)
  31. The Duchy of Nassau
  32. The Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (to 1825)
  33. The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 1826)
  34. The Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
  35. The Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Saxe-Altenburg from 1826)
  36. The Duchy of Oldenburg (Grand Duchy from 1829)
  37. The Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg (from 1817)
  38. The Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  39. The Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  40. The Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1850)
  41. The Principality of Liechtenstein
  42. The Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (to 1850)
  43. The Principality of Waldeck
  44. The Principality of Reuss altere linie
  45. The Principality of Reuss Junior Line
  46. The Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
  47. The Principality of Lippe
  48. The Free City of Lubeck
  49. The Free City of Frankfurt am Main
  50. The Free City of Bremen
  51. The Free City of Hamburg


Portal:Germany