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Gallatin County, Montana Genealogy

Guide to Gallatin County, Montana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Bozeman
Organized: February 2, 1865
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Broadwater  • Fremont (ID)  • Jefferson  • Madison  • Meagher  • Park  • Park (WY)  • Teton (WY)
See County Maps
Location Map
Map of Montana highlighting Gallatin County.png

County InformationEdit


Gallatin was named after the Gallatin River. It is located in the southwest area of the state.[2]

County CourthouseEdit

Gallatin County Courthouse
311 W Main Street
Bozeman, MT 59715-4576
Phone: 406.582.3050
Gallatin County Website

County Clerk Recorder has birth and death records from 1890, land records from 1865 and military discharge records from 1900
Clerk District Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1865[3]

Gallatin County, Montana Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1890 1865 1890 1865 1865 1865 1860
*State birth and death records began in 1907.
Compliance for recording births was 1922 and 1915 for deaths.[5]

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary ChangesEdit

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Gallatin County, Montana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Montana Cemeteries for more information

Census RecordsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 1,578
1880 3,643 130.9%
1890 6,246 71.5%
1900 9,553 52.9%
1910 14,079 47.4%
1920 15,864 12.7%
1930 16,124 1.6%
1940 18,269 13.3%
1950 21,902 19.9%
1960 26,045 18.9%
1970 32,505 24.8%
1980 42,856 31.8%
1990 50,463 17.8%
2000 67,831 34.4%
2010 89,513 32.0%
Source: [1]

Before Montana was a state in 1889, the western portion of Montana was included in the 1860 Washington Territory and the eastern was in the unorganized parts of 1860 Nebraska Territory. The 1870 and 1880 Federal Censuses included Montana Territory. No state censuses have been taken.[8] See links listed below.

Territory and State CensusesEdit

Federal Census RecordsEdit

Federal Censuses were taken for the state of Montana starting in 1890, although no records survived. The 1900 Census is the next Federal Census available. For links to Federal Census indexes, see Montana Census.

Church RecordsEdit

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Montana denominations, view the Montana Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records
Lutheran Church

Dutch Reformed Church

Presbyterian Church

Other Church Records
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ward and Branch Records

  • Bozeman

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Montana Land and Property for additional information about early Montana land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Gallatin County, Montana Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Montana Local Histories.

Online County Histories

Maps and GazetteersEdit

Gallatin CountyMeagher CountyPark CountyPark County, WyomingFremont County, IdahoIdahoMadison CountyJefferson CountyBroadwater CountyMT Gallatin.png
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

Online CollectionsEdit

These collections are unique to Montana. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Montana Military Records.
Civil War

World War I

World War II

For further information see Montana Military Records.

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit

Online Naturalization Records


For more information, see Montana Newspapers.

Montana Newspapers Online

Montana Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper
  • 1906 - 1944 Belgrade Journal - full-text of more than 400 issues spanning 1906-1944 freely available online at Google Newspaper Archive.


See also United States Obituaries for more about finding United States obituaries.

Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

In most counties in Montana, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Montana, Gallatin - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Montana tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most birth and death original records can be purchased from the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. For information about marriages, divorces, and requirements for obtaining any vital records, see the CDC Where to Write website.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Gallatin County Pioneer Group
317 W Main St
Bozeman 59715-4576

Summer Hours: Monday - Saturday, 10am - 5pm Winter Hours: Tuesday - Saturday, 11am - 4pm



Gallatin County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 1783
Bozeman 59771-1783
Facebook Page

Gallatin County Genealogical Society has created indexes to numerous courthouse records, including, divorce, funderal home, naturalization peitions, vital records, voter registrations, and wills.
They are available on their website: List of databases online

Old Gallatin County Jail
317 West Main
Bozeman, MT 59715
Telephone: 406-522-8122

Gallatin Historical Society


Research GuidesEdit


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. accessed 11/18/2016
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 416.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gallatin County, Montana. Page 416. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 406.
  5. Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Rev. ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 1992), 439.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Gallatin County, Montana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Montana, accessed 5 December 2016.
  8. ’'Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 409. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.