Difference between revisions of "Estonia Emigration and Immigration"

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__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
  
 
==Online Sources==  
 
==Online Sources==  
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*'''1850-1934''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/43289 Auswandererlisten, 1850-1934] (Hamburg passenger lists) at FamilySearch, images.
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*'''1850-1934''' [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1068 Hamburg Passenger Lists, 1850-1934] at Ancestry, ($) index and images.
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*'''1855-1924''' [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1166 Hamburg Passenger Lists, Handwritten Indexes, 1855-1934] at Ancestry, ($) images.
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*[https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/hamburg-germany-emigrants Hamburg, Germany Emigrants] at FindMyPast, ($) index.
 +
*'''1890-1960''' [https://www.findmypast.com/search/results?sourcecategory=travel%20%26%20migration&sid=999 Passenger Lists Leaving UK 1890-1960] at FindMyPast; index & images ($)
 +
*'''1892-1924''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/record/results?q.anyPlace=estonia&f.collectionId=1368704&offset=0&m.defaultFacets=on&m.queryRequireDefault=on&m.facetNestCollectionInCategory=on&count=20 New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924] Search results for Estonia
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*'''1946-1971''' [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/61704/ Free Access: Africa, Asia and Europe, Passenger Lists of Displaced Persons, 1946-1971] Ancestry, free. Index and images. Passenger lists of immigrants leaving Germany and other European ports and airports between 1946-1971. The majority of the immigrants listed in this collection are displaced persons - Holocaust survivors, former concentration camp inmates and Nazi forced laborers, as well as refugees from Central and Eastern European countries and some non-European countries.
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*[[United States Immigration Online Genealogy Records]]
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*[https://immigrantships.net/index.html Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild] Choose a volume and then choose Estonia under "Listed by Port of Departure" or "Listed by Port of Arrival".
  
<span style="color:DarkViolet"> '''These sources cover multiple countries'''. </span>
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===Occupation Records'''===
*'''1946-1971''' [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/61704/ Free Access: Africa, Asia and Europe, Passenger Lists of Displaced Persons, 1946-1971] Ancestry, free. Index and images. Passenger lists of immigrants leaving Germany and other European ports and airports between 1946-1971. The majority of the immigrants listed in this collection are displaced persons - Holocaust survivors, former concentration camp inmates and Nazi forced laborers, as well as refugees from Central and Eastern European countries and some non-European countries.  
+
The first Soviet occupation 1940–1941, the German occupation 1941–1944, and the second Soviet occupation 1944–1991.
*[https://immigrantships.net/index.html Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild] Choose a volume and then choose Italy under "Listed by Port of Departure" or "Listed by Port of Arrival".
+
*[https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-1.pdf Museum of Occupations, Soviet Occupation Political Arrests, Memento 2005]. Index.
<span style="color:DarkViolet"> '''Additional online sources unique to each country of destination are listed below.'''</span>
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*'''1945-1953''' [https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-8-3.pdf  1945-1953, Name List of Persons Deported from Estonia]
{| style="width:60%; vertical-align:top;"
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*'''1940-1953''' [https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-6.pdf Museum of Occupations, Book 6, Deportation from Estonia to Russia, Deportation in June 1941 & Deportation in 1940–1953] Index.  
|-  
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*'''1949''' [https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-5.pdf Museum of Occupations, Memento 1999, Book 5, Deportation from Estonia to Russia, Deportation in March 1949, Volume 2]. Index.  
|
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*'''1940-1990''' [https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-7.pdf Museum of Occupations, Memento 1996, Political Arrests in Estonia,  1940-1990, Deported, Arrested, Murdered]. Index.
<ul class="column-spacing-fullscreen" style="padding-right:5px;">
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*'''1940-1988''' [https://www.memento.ee/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Memento-Raamat-8-1.pdf Museum of Occupations, Memento 1998, Political Arrests in Estonia, Additional Lists, 1940-1988]. Index.
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Argentina|Argentina]]</li>   
+
<br>
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Brazil|Brazil]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Canada|Canada]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#France|France]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#United States|United States]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Uruguay|Uruguay]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Venezuela|Venezuela]]</li>
 
</ul>
 
|}
 
  
==Finding the Town of Origin in Italy==
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==Finding the Town of Origin in Estonia==
If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Italy, see [[Italy Finding Town of Origin|'''Italy Finding Town of Origin''']] for additional research strategies.
+
If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Estonia, see [[Estonia Finding Town of Origin|'''Estonia Finding Town of Origin''']] for additional research strategies.
==Italy Emigration and Immigration==
+
==Estonia Emigration and Immigration==
 
<span style="color:DarkViolet">'''"Emigration"''' means moving out of a country. '''"Immigration"''' means moving into a country. </span><br>
 
<span style="color:DarkViolet">'''"Emigration"''' means moving out of a country. '''"Immigration"''' means moving into a country. </span><br>
 
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.
 
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.
 +
[[Category:Emigration and Immigration Records]]
 +
==Emigration==
 +
*When Estonia was invaded by the Soviet Army in 1944, large numbers of Estonians fled their homeland on ships or smaller boats over the Baltic Sea. Many refugees who survived the risky sea voyage to '''Sweden and/or Germany''' later moved from there to''' Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States and/or Australia.'''
 +
*Also, with the June deportation of 1941 and March deportation of 1949, the Soviet Union forcibly transferred tens of thousands of Estonians to '''Siberia'''. Some of these refugees and their descendants returned to Estonia after the nation regained its independence in 1991. The Russian Empire displaced a fairly high number of Estonians into exile, maybe the number of descendants (the 3.5 million doesn't include '''Estonian sub-groups: the Chudes, Livonians, Setos and Voros''' in neighboring lands of '''Russia, Latvia and Lithuania'''. There is no way to know the corrected number of Estonians, unless to count 100,000 dual nationals in the former USSR or the number of expatriates in the EU countries (esp. Finland).<ref>'''List of diasporas''', in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_diasporas#E, accessed 3 June 2021.</ref>
  
==Emigration==
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==Records of Estonian Emigrants in Their Destination Nations==
 
{|
 
{|
 
|-
 
|-
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|<span style="color:DarkViolet">One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the '''country of destination, the country they immigrated into'''. See links to immigration records for major destination countries below.</span>
 
|<span style="color:DarkViolet">One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the '''country of destination, the country they immigrated into'''. See links to immigration records for major destination countries below.</span>
 
|}
 
|}
{| style="width:60%; vertical-align:top;"
 
|-
 
|
 
<ul class="column-spacing-fullscreen" style="padding-right:5px;">
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Argentina|Argentina]]</li>   
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Brazil|Brazil]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Canada|Canada]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#France|France]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#United States|United States]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Uruguay|Uruguay]]</li>
 
    <li>[[Italy Emigration and Immigration#Venezuela|Venezuela]]</li>
 
</ul>
 
|}
 
  
==Records of Italian Emigrants in Their Destination Nations==
+
*[[United States Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
*[[Canada Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
*[[Australia Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
*[[Russia Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
*[[Hungary Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[England Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Scotland Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Ireland Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Sweden Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Germany Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Lithuania Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Latvia Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
[[Category:Estonia]][[Category:Emigration and Immigration]]

Latest revision as of 17:12, 27 July 2021

Estonia Wiki Topics
Flag of Estonia.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Estonia Background
Local Research Resources


Online Sources[edit | edit source]

Occupation Records[edit | edit source]

The first Soviet occupation 1940–1941, the German occupation 1941–1944, and the second Soviet occupation 1944–1991.


Finding the Town of Origin in Estonia[edit | edit source]

If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Estonia, see Estonia Finding Town of Origin for additional research strategies.

Estonia Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

"Emigration" means moving out of a country. "Immigration" means moving into a country.
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.

Emigration[edit | edit source]

  • When Estonia was invaded by the Soviet Army in 1944, large numbers of Estonians fled their homeland on ships or smaller boats over the Baltic Sea. Many refugees who survived the risky sea voyage to Sweden and/or Germany later moved from there to Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States and/or Australia.
  • Also, with the June deportation of 1941 and March deportation of 1949, the Soviet Union forcibly transferred tens of thousands of Estonians to Siberia. Some of these refugees and their descendants returned to Estonia after the nation regained its independence in 1991. The Russian Empire displaced a fairly high number of Estonians into exile, maybe the number of descendants (the 3.5 million doesn't include Estonian sub-groups: the Chudes, Livonians, Setos and Voros in neighboring lands of Russia, Latvia and Lithuania. There is no way to know the corrected number of Estonians, unless to count 100,000 dual nationals in the former USSR or the number of expatriates in the EU countries (esp. Finland).[1]

Records of Estonian Emigrants in Their Destination Nations[edit | edit source]

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the country of destination, the country they immigrated into. See links to immigration records for major destination countries below.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. List of diasporas, in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_diasporas#E, accessed 3 June 2021.