Difference between revisions of "Erie Canal"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Protected "Erie Canal" ([Edit=Allow only administrators] (indefinite) [Move=Allow only administrators] (indefinite)))
m (corrected re-directs)
 
Line 21: Line 21:
 
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in Wikipedia: ''The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>
 
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in Wikipedia: ''The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>
  
The Erie Canal in [[New York|New York]] allowed boats from [[New York City, New York|New York City]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] to reach rural upstate [[New York Genealogy|New York]] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Eventually the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes Great Lakes] were also connected to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_River Ohio River] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_River Mississippi River] systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
+
The Erie Canal in [[New York, United States Genealogy|New York]] allowed boats from [[New York City, New York|New York City]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River] to reach rural upstate [[New York, United States Genealogy|New York]] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Eventually, the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes Great Lakes] were also connected to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_River Ohio River] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_River Mississippi River] systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
  
 
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>
 
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>
Line 68: Line 68:
 
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>  
 
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>  
  
Prior to the building of the Erie Canal the settlers in upstate [[New York Genealogy|New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont Genealogy|Vermont]]. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into [[Ohio Genealogy|Ohio]] would have reached the Erie Canal from [[New York City, New York|New York City]], or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]. Most of the men who labored to build the Erie Canal were from [[Ireland Genealogy|Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.
+
Prior to the building of the Erie Canal, the settlers in upstate [[New York, United States Genealogy|New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont, United States Genealogy|Vermont]]. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into [[Ohio, United States Genealogy|Ohio]] would have reached the Erie Canal from [[New York City, New York|New York City]], or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]. Most of the men who labored to build the Erie Canal were from [[Ireland Genealogy|Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.
  
 
== Internet Links  ==
 
== Internet Links  ==

Latest revision as of 19:10, 18 May 2020

Erie Canal

The Erie Canal allowed boats from New York City on the Hudson River to reach rural upstate New York and Lake Erie. Eventually the Great Lakes were also connected to the Ohio River and Mississippi River systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

Historical Background[edit | edit source]

The construction of the Erie Canal began in 1817 and in 1819 the first 15-mile (24 km) section, Rome to Utica opened. As more Irish laborers arrived the pace of construction picked up and overcame significant barriers. For example, during summer construction in a marsh, 1,000 workers died of swamp fever, so survivors were moved to another part of the canal until winter when it was safer to work in the frozen marsh. Sections of the canal opened as follows:

  • 1819 Rome to Utica
  • 1820 Utica to Syracuse
  • 1823 Brockport to Albany (Champlain_Canal connecting the Hudson River to Lake Champlain was completed at the same time)
  • 1824 Lockport locks
  • 1825 Onondago Ridge finishing the entire canal.

The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.[1]

The Erie Canal in New York allowed boats from New York City on the Hudson River to reach rural upstate New York and Lake Erie. Eventually, the Great Lakes were also connected to the Ohio River and Mississippi River systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.[2]

Canal Route[edit | edit source]

Map of New York's Erie Canal. To enlarge: click the map slowly three times.

The Erie Canal connects the Hudson River (and New York City) with Lake Erie. It follows the Mohawk River Valley west from Albany, New York to reach toward Buffalo, New York.

Some of the communities on the Erie Canal from east to west include:

  • Albany
  • Troy
  • Schenectady
  • Fonda
  • Herkimer
  • Utica
  • Rome
  • Syracuse
  • Lyons
  • Palmyra
  • Rochester
  • Albion
  • Lockport
  • Buffalo

Counties east to west:

Settlers and Records[edit | edit source]

Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.[3]

Prior to the building of the Erie Canal, the settlers in upstate New York were often from New England, especially Vermont. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into Ohio would have reached the Erie Canal from New York City, or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the Champlain Canal. Most of the men who labored to build the Erie Canal were from Ireland and many of them settled near it.

Internet Links[edit | edit source]

Digitized book:

Sources[edit | edit source]

  1. Erie Canal in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia (accessed 15 April 2011).
  2. Erie Canal in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia (accessed 15 April 2011).
  3. Erie Canal in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia (accessed 15 April 2011).


Most Significant United States Canals Used by Settlers
Champlain Canal · Erie Canal · Schuykill Canal · Union Canal · Ohio and Erie Canal · Louisville and Portland Canal · Beaver and Erie Canal · Pennsylvania Canal (Main Line) · Delaware and Raritan Canal · Chesapeake and Ohio Canal · Wabash and Erie Canal · Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal · Miami and Erie Canal · Illinois and Michigan Canal