East Timor Colonial Records

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Portuguese Colonization (1769-1975)

The Portuguese established outposts in Timor and Maluku. Effective European occupation of a small part of present-day East Timor began in 1769 when the city of Dili was founded and the colony of Portuguese Timor declared. During World War II, the Japanese eventually drove the last of the Australian and Allied forces out. However, Portuguese control was reinstated after the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II. Following the 1974 Portuguese revolution, Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in Timor and civil war between East Timorese political parties broke out in 1975. [1]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records

Indonesian Colonization (1975-1999)

Fearing a communist state within the Indonesian archipelago, the Indonesian military launched an invasion of East Timor in December 1975. Indonesia declared East Timor its 27th province on 17 July 1976. On 25 October 1999, the administration of East Timor was taken over by the UN through the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET), headed by Sergio Vieira de Mello. The INTERFET deployment ended in February 2000 with the transfer of military command to the UN. [2]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records


References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "East Timor," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor#Colonial_era, accessed 19 November 2020.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "East Timor," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor#Colonial_era, accessed 19 November 2020.