Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Třeboň Archive Church Books, 1650-1900
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the Czech Republic|
|Location of Czech Republic|
|Record Type:||Church Books|
|Title in the Language:||Tschechische Republik, Sud Böhmen, Wittingau Archiv Kirchenbücher (German) |
Česká republika, Jižní Čechy, Třeboň, církevní knihy (Czech)
What is in This Collection?
This collection will include records from 1650 to 1900. Additional images may be added periodically to this collection to give the viewer more of a selection.
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. During certain times, one book was used to list all the baptisms, marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most include indexes.
Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.
For a list of records by religion currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection.
The edict of the Council of Trent in 1563, which mandated the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian Emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Church. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781, Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervision.
Starting February 10, 1784, Joseph II required that all church birth entries include the full names of both parents and all grandparents, along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, such as Plichtice č. 5 (č is an abbreviation for čislo, or "number"). The emperor also required that records be kept in Latin or German, though Czech was often used. Column headings, which had started around 1784 (sometimes earlier), were also made compulsory.
In 1790, the Austrian government (under which Czech records were kept) created a law requiring indexes to be kept. In 1802, another law was passed requiring all older matriky (church books) to be indexed. Only rarely are volumes not indexed.
Starting in 1869, the civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to actually record these events. The official legal copy was kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to perform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Everyone was registered under this new system, not just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers
Church books were first created to identify those who had received church sacraments. After 1869, they were also used as an official record of vital events by civil authorities.
The earliest Czech book was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept to the present, but because of privacy laws, they are available for research only through 1905.
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon Archive Church Books, 1650-1900.|
Baptismal records usually contain the following information
- Names of the child, parents, and witnesses or godparents (often included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)
- Date and place of birth and baptism (sometimes includes the time of birth and baptism)
- Residence and religion of the parents and other direct-line ancestors
- Occupation of the father and other males listed
- Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate
Marriage records usually contain the following information:
- Names of the bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses (often included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)
- Date and place of marriage (sometimes includes the time of marriage)
- Ages of bride and groom
- Residences of the bride, groom, and their ancestors
- Religion of the bride and groom
- Occupation of the groom and other males listed
Burial records usually contain the following information:
- Names of the deceased and spouse or parents (often included grandparents, great-grandparents, and more rarely, great-great-grandparents)
- Date and place of death and burial (sometimes time of death and burial)
- Age and residence of deceased
- Residences of other ancestors listed
- Cause of death
How Do I Search the Collection?
To search the collection, follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the "Religion"
⇒ Select the "Place: Subordinate Places"
⇒ Select the "Event and Volume Year Range" which takes you to the images
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Czech church books are the best source for identifying ancestors from the Czech Republic. So many relatives are listed in these books that you may be able to create a miniature pedigree chart for almost each entry in a church book.
For Help Reading These Records
These records are in Czech, German and Latin. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:
- Czech Genealogical Word List
- Czech Republic Languages
- Germany Languages
- Latin Genealogical Word List
Known Issues With This Collection
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Citing This Collection
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- Collection Citation
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
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