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Cumberland County, Tennessee Genealogy

Guide to Cumberland County, Tennessee ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Cumberland County, Tennessee
Boundary map of Cumberland County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Location of Tennessee in the U.S.
Founded: November 16, 1855
County Seat Crossville
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The County was named for the Cumberland Mountains. The County is located in the central area of the state. [1]

Cumberland County, Tennessee Record DatesEdit

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1905 1914 1897 1854 1904 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1914. General compliance by 1927.

Cumberland County Tennessee CourthouseEdit

Cumberland County Courthouse
2 North Main St.
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 1-931-484-6442

Cumberland County Clerk
Marriage and Probate records
2 North Main Street, Suite 206
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 1-931-484-6442

Cumberland County Register of Deeds
Land records
2 North Main St., Suite 204
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 1-931-484-5559

Cumberland County Circuit Court Clerk
Court records
2 North Main, Suite 302
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 1-931-484-6647

Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-5 p.m.

Cumberland County Tennessee HistoryEdit

Cumberland Mountains, Cross Mountain, Tenn.
The county is named after the Cumberland Mountains.[3]
Sequatchie Valley

Border county between East and Middle Tennessee. Part of the Sequatchie Valley.

Parent CountyEdit

1855--Cumberland County was created 16 November 1855 from White, Bledsoe, Rhea, Roane, Morgan, Putnam, and Van Buren Counties. 
County seat: Crossville[4]

County PronunciationEdit

  1. Hear it spoken[5] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[6] (male)

Boundary ChangesEdit

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record LossEdit


1905 Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.[7]

  • Marriages recorded between 1855 and 1904 are lost
  • Probate records 1855 to 1904 are lost
  • All other records, except deeds, destroyed in 1905 fire [8]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Cumberland County Tennessee Places / LocalitiesEdit

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring CountiesEdit

Cumberland County Tennessee Genealogy ResourcesEdit

Getting StartedEdit

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Cumberland County biography and land records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research GuidesEdit

African AmericanEdit

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png Tennessee African Americans


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
TNGenWeb WorldCat BillionGraves
TNGenWeb Archives Linkpendium
Tombstone Project Gravestones
TNGenWeb Cemeteries
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.


1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Cumberland County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Cumberland County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®

1810 - 1891

Tennessee, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1891 at — index $



  • Kirkeminde, Patricia Barclay. 1870 Census of Cumberland County, Tennessee. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 1984. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2k.


  • Sistler, Byron and Samuel D. Sistler. 1880 Census, Cumberland County, Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, 1992. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2s.

1890 - Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 5 1891. Cumberland County is included in Vol. 5.
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.

Male Voters



Family HistoriesEdit

This bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors)


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Cumberland, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 15,000 entries.


  • Copeland - Halsell, Orpha Ancestors and descendants of Solomon Addison Copeland Oklahoma City, Oklahoma : P.C. Fletcher, 1988 FHL book 929.273 C79h.


Local HistoriesEdit


Fentress CountyMorgan CountyRoane CountyRhea CountyBledsoe CountyVan Buren CountyWhite CountyPutnam CountyOverton CountyTN CUMBERLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


War of 1812Edit
Civil WarEdit

Online Records

Regiments. Civil War service men from Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Cumberland County:

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Cumberland County:


  • Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Cumberland County click on the following city:



Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Cumberland County, Tennessee have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a.
East Tennessee Roots
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Cumberland County, Tennessee records have been published in East Tennessee Roots (10 vols.). A subject index to these articles is available online. Surname indexes to Volumes 9 and 10 are also available online. The Family History Library has collected most issues of East Tennessee Roots FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 D25e.
Overton County, Tennessee Kin
"This newsletter, although called “Overton County,” covers all the area in Overton, Fentress, and Pickett County, TN along with Monterey in Putnam County, and Clinton, Wayne and Cumberland County in Kentucky”—Vol. 7, no. 4, p. 2.
The Family History Library has vol. 1, issues 1-4; vol. 2, issues 1-4; vol. 3, issues 1-4; vol. 4, issues 1-4; vol. 5, issues 1-4; vol. 6, issue 1; vol. 7 issue 4, vol. 8, issue 2. FHL US/CAN 976.8684 B2n.
Indexed in the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI).

Probate RecordsEdit

Early Cumberland County Will Books were destroyed. In 1969, the TSLA microfilmed surviving Will Books 1 to 3 (1904-1969). A copy of this film is also available at the Family History Library: FHL Film 1012523.

Online Records

FamilySearch has placed scans of the following records online in the Tennessee, Probate Court Books, 1795-1927 collection. These are browse-only collections. Handwritten indexes may be found at the front or back of some volumes:

  • Wills, 1904-1969 (3 vols.)
  • Bonds, 1905-1969 (3 vols.)
  • Bonds, Letters, 1905-1969 (4 vols.)
  • Letters, 1905-1967 (3 vols.)
  • Settlements, 1906-1969 (7 vols.)


The original Cumberland County Tax Books 1904-1968 are kept by the Trustee's Office at the County Courthouse. TSLA microfilmed these records.

The following Cumberland County tax records have been abstracted:[10]

  • 1857 - 1858 - Unpaid Property Taxes, 1857 and 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Summer 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 3.
  • 1858 - Taxpayers, 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Winter 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 1.
  • Delinquent Railroad Taxes, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Spring 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 2.

Vital RecordsEdit

See also How to order Tennessee Vital Records or order electronically online.

  • 1914 - 1925 - Wiefering, Edna and Cleveland Public Library. Cumberland County, Tennessee, Vital Statistics, 1914 through 1925. Cleveland, Tenn.: Cleveland Public Library, 199-?. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 V2w.

For deaths of Methodists in Cumberland County (or what later became Cumberland County) between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Cumberland County Tennessee Genealogy Societies and LibrariesEdit

See also a List of Tennessee Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Cumberland County Historical Society
Main Street
Crossville, TN 38557
Phone: 1-615 456-6532

East Tennessee Historical Society
601 S. Gay St.
P.O. Box 1629
Knoxville, TN 37901-1629
Phone: 1-865-215-8824

Art Circle Public Library
154 East First Street
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 1-931-484-6790
Fax: 1-931-484-2350
Hours: Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri., 8 a.m.-4 p.m.
Wed. and Sat. 8 a.m.-4 p.m.

Cumberland County Tennessee Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Introduction to Family History Centers

Crossville Tennessee Family History Center
1550 Genesis Rd
Crossville, TN
Phone: 1-931-484-2507
Hours: Tues., Sat. 9 a.m.-12 p.m.

This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Cumberland County Tennessee Genealogy WebsitesEdit

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Cumberland County, Tennessee

Cumberland County Tennessee Genealogy ReferencesEdit

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland, Tennessee" in,_Tennessee accessed 17 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Tennessee. Page 638-645 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 637-640.
  3. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 639. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  5. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  6. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).
  7. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 13 March 2016).
  8. Robert M. McBride, Tennessee County Data (Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee States Library and Archives, 1966), 19.
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, Tennessee," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Tennessee, accessed 11 November 2019.
  10. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.