Difference between revisions of "Colonial Times 1607-1789"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m
m (Text replacement - "United States" to "United States")
 
(7 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[United States History]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Colonial Times 1607-1789'''
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[United States History]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Colonial Times 1607-1789'''
  
 
=== Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789)  ===
 
=== Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789)  ===
  
The colonies grew from [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/300134/Jamestown-Colony/247836/Origins-1606-07 Jamestown] with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_colonization_of_the_Americas French]. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/02/AR2006090201097.html African slaves] were brought into Jamestown. The [http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/travel/kingston/colonization.htm Dutch] settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by [http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/native-americans-in-the-united-states/european-colonization.html Native Americans]. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_colonization_of_the_Americas European colonization] in the western hemisphere.  
+
The colonies grew from [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/300134/Jamestown-Colony/247836/Origins-1606-07 Jamestown] with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_colonization_of_the_Americas French]. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/02/AR2006090201097.html African slaves] were brought into Jamestown. The [http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/travel/kingston/colonization.htm Dutch] settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by Native Americans. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_colonization_of_the_Americas European colonization] in the western hemisphere.  
  
 
*'''1607 - 1763:''' The [[Colonial Wars, 1607 to 1763|Colonial Wars]] page offers information about the wars fought between 1607 to 1763.  
 
*'''1607 - 1763:''' The [[Colonial Wars, 1607 to 1763|Colonial Wars]] page offers information about the wars fought between 1607 to 1763.  
 
*'''1607:''' [http://www.nationalcenter.org/SettlementofJamestown.html Jamestown, Virginia], the first English settlement in North America, is founded by [http://www.apva.org/history/jsmith.html Captain John Smith] and English gold seekers. <ref>[http://www.apva.org/resource/jjrc/index.html The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center] has a full text of several volumes by various authors. </ref>
 
*'''1607:''' [http://www.nationalcenter.org/SettlementofJamestown.html Jamestown, Virginia], the first English settlement in North America, is founded by [http://www.apva.org/history/jsmith.html Captain John Smith] and English gold seekers. <ref>[http://www.apva.org/resource/jjrc/index.html The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center] has a full text of several volumes by various authors. </ref>
*'''1609:''' [http://www.hrmm.org/halfmoon/halfmoon.htm Henry Hudson] sails into New York Harbor, explores Hudson River. Spaniards settle [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1447 Santa Fe, New Mexico].  
+
*'''1609:''' [http://www.hrmm.org/henry-hudson.html Henry Hudson] sails into New York Harbor, explores Hudson River. Spaniards settle [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1447 Santa Fe, New Mexico].  
 
*'''1614:''' [http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/nnd.html Dutch] claim New Netherland.  
 
*'''1614:''' [http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/nnd.html Dutch] claim New Netherland.  
 
*'''1619:''' The first [http://www.africanamericans.com/CivilRightsHistoryIndex.htm African slaves] are brought to Jamestown. ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery#Slavery_in_American_Colonial_Law Slavery is made legal in 1650].)  
 
*'''1619:''' The first [http://www.africanamericans.com/CivilRightsHistoryIndex.htm African slaves] are brought to Jamestown. ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery#Slavery_in_American_Colonial_Law Slavery is made legal in 1650].)  
Line 14: Line 14:
 
[[Image:MayflowerHarbor.jpg|thumb|center|350px]]  
 
[[Image:MayflowerHarbor.jpg|thumb|center|350px]]  
  
*'''1626:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Minuit Peter Minuit] buys [http://www.thebeadsite.com/FRO-MANG.html Manhattan island] for the Dutch from [http://services.lansend.com/Manhattan-Rental.htm Manahata Indians] for goods worth $24. The island is renamed [http://www.historyofholland.com/new-amsterdam-history-(new-york).html New Amsterdam].  
+
*'''1626:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Minuit Peter Minuit] buys [http://www.thebeadsite.com/fro-mang.html Manhattan island] for the Dutch from [http://services.lansend.com/Manhattan-Rental.htm Manahata Indians] for goods worth $24. The island is renamed [http://www.historyofholland.com/new-amsterdam-history-(new-york).html New Amsterdam].  
 
*'''1630:''' Boston is founded by Massachusetts colonists led by [http://www.nndb.com/people/575/000050425/ John Winthrop].  
 
*'''1630:''' Boston is founded by Massachusetts colonists led by [http://www.nndb.com/people/575/000050425/ John Winthrop].  
 
*'''1634:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Maryland Maryland] is founded as a Catholic colony, with religious freedom for all granted in 1649.  
 
*'''1634:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Maryland Maryland] is founded as a Catholic colony, with religious freedom for all granted in 1649.  
Line 35: Line 35:
 
*'''1702:''' [http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Our_Country_Vol_1/newjersey_ij.html East Jersey and West Jersey] become crown colonies  
 
*'''1702:''' [http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Our_Country_Vol_1/newjersey_ij.html East Jersey and West Jersey] become crown colonies  
 
*'''1704:''' February 28; The French/Indian forces destroy [http://www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/home.do Deerfield, Massachusetts].  
 
*'''1704:''' February 28; The French/Indian forces destroy [http://www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/home.do Deerfield, Massachusetts].  
*'''1712:''' January 28; American forces attack the Tuscarora Indians during the [http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bath/tuscarora.htm Tuscarora Indian War].  
+
*'''1712:''' January 28; American forces attack the Tuscarora Indians during the [https://historicsites.nc.gov/all-sites/historic-bath/history Tuscarora Indian War].  
 
*'''1729:''' Province of Carolina proprietors sell out to Crown <ref>'' North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775'';  Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006 71 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RxmoQe2e09QC Google Books] </ref>
 
*'''1729:''' Province of Carolina proprietors sell out to Crown <ref>'' North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775'';  Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006 71 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RxmoQe2e09QC Google Books] </ref>
 
*'''1732:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening First Great Awakening]<ref>Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor)'' The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972'', Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6. </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/59779715&referer=brief_results Worldcat]</ref>  
 
*'''1732:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening First Great Awakening]<ref>Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor)'' The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972'', Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6. </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/59779715&referer=brief_results Worldcat]</ref>  
Line 67: Line 67:
 
*'''1774 to 1783''': The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. More information is at the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] page.  
 
*'''1774 to 1783''': The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. More information is at the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] page.  
 
*'''1776:''' July 4; [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/DeclarInd.html The Declaration of Independence] is approved by the Continental Congress (made up of representatives from the American colonies).  
 
*'''1776:''' July 4; [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/DeclarInd.html The Declaration of Independence] is approved by the Continental Congress (made up of representatives from the American colonies).  
*'''1770's to 1780's''' The [[United States Indian Wars, 1780-s-1890-s|United States Indian Wars]] page has information about these conflicts.  
+
*'''1770's to 1780's''' The [[United States Indian Wars, 1780s-1890s|United States Indian Wars]] page has information about these conflicts.  
 
*'''1778 to 1806''':70,000 and 80,000 loyalists emigrated to Canada  
 
*'''1778 to 1806''':70,000 and 80,000 loyalists emigrated to Canada  
 
*'''1781:''' [http://americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/CORN.HTM British General Cornwallis] [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm surrenders to the Americans at Yorktown, Virginia], ending the fighting in the Revolutionary War.  
 
*'''1781:''' [http://americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/CORN.HTM British General Cornwallis] [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm surrenders to the Americans at Yorktown, Virginia], ending the fighting in the Revolutionary War.  
Line 98: Line 98:
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower Mayflower -Wikipedia]  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower Mayflower -Wikipedia]  
 
*[http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/ Museum of The American Revolution and Colonial America]  
 
*[http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/ Museum of The American Revolution and Colonial America]  
*[http://colonialancestors.com/revolutionary/soldiers.htm Revolutionary Soldier's Genealogy]  
+
*[http://web.archive.org/web/20120926034719/http://colonialancestors.com/revolutionary/soldiers.htm Revolutionary Soldier's Genealogy]  
 
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-military/1702-1713.html Queen Anne's War 1702-1713]
 
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-military/1702-1713.html Queen Anne's War 1702-1713]
 +
*[http://colonialnorthamerican.library.harvard.edu/items/browse?collection=7 Colonial North American Project at Harvard University].  Digitized archival and manuscript materials in the Harvard Library that relate to 17th and 18th century North America.
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===

Latest revision as of 13:33, 24 March 2021

United StatesGotoarrow.pngUnited States History Gotoarrow.png Colonial Times 1607-1789

Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789)[edit | edit source]

The colonies grew from Jamestown with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the French. African slaves were brought into Jamestown. The Dutch settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by Native Americans. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of European colonization in the western hemisphere.

MayflowerHarbor.jpg
Carolina colony.png
Boston Tea Party Joyce Notice.jpg
  • 1764-1766: England places taxes on sugar that comes from their North American colonies. England also requires colonists to buy stamps to help pay for royal troops. Colonists protest, and the Stamp Act is repealed in 1766.
  • 1770: March 5; The Boston Massacre: English troops fire on a rock-throwing crowd protesting English taxes.
  • 1771: May 16; Battle of Alamance in North Carolina
  • 1772: June 9; The 1st naval Battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Rhode Island. The Gaspée Affair.
  • 1772: The Watauga Association in what would become Tennessee, declares itself independent.
  • 1773: May 10; The Parliament passes the Tea Act
  • 1773: Association of the Sons of Liberty in New York published by local Sons of Liberty (December 15
  • 1773: December 16; Boston Tea Party: English tea is thrown into the harbor by residents disguised as Indians to protest a tax on tea.
Poster of Northwest and Southwest Territories of the United States.png
Portrait of George Washington.jpg

Websites[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

  1. The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center has a full text of several volumes by various authors.
  2. Blaxland, George Cuthbert. Mayflower" Essays on the Story of the Pilgrim Fathers. Published by Ward & Downey, 1896 Original from Harvard University. Digitized Aug 28, 2006. 146 pages. Full text available at Google books As Told in Governor Bradford's Ms. History of the Plymouth Plantation : with a Reproduction of Captain John Smith's Map of New England
  3. The Commerce of Louisiana During the French Régime, 1699-1763. Surrey, Nancy Maria Miller. Published by Columbia University, 1916. Item notes: v. 71, no. 1. Original from Princeton University, Digitized Jul 16, 2008. 476 pages. Full text available at Google Books
  4. North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775; Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006 71 pages. Full text available at Google Books
  5. Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor) The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6.
  6. Worldcat
  7. Frothingham, Louis Adams. A Brief History of the Constitution and Government of Massachusetts: With a Chapter on Legislative Procedure. Published by Harvard University, 1916. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Jul 1, 2008. 140 pages. Full text available at Google Books.
  8. Northwest Ordinance - Wikipedia