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Buncombe County, North Carolina Genealogy

Guide to Buncombe County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Asheville
Organized: 5 December 1791
Parent County(s): Burke, Rutherford[1]
Neighboring Counties
Haywood  • Henderson  • Madison  • McDowell  • Rutherford  • Transylvania  • Yancey
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information


Buncombe County is located in the Western portion of North Carolina and was named for Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary War colonel[2].

County Courthouse

Buncombe County Courthouse
69 Court Plaza Run 110
Asheville, NC 28801-3519
Buncombe County Website

Reg of Deeds has b, m, d. bur & land records
Clk Sup Ct has div & pro rec from 1832 & Ct Rec[3]

Buncombe County, North Carolina Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1842 1913 1790 1791 1832 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

1830, 1865--The courthouse fires destroyed many court records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1791--Buncombe County was created 5 December 1791 from Burke and Rutherford Counties.
  • County seat: Asheville[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Black Mountain
  • Broad River
  • Fairview
  • Flat Creek
  • Hazel
  • Ivy
  • Leicester
  • Limestone
  • Lower Hominy
  • Sandy Mush
  • Upper Hominy

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Buncombe County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 5,812
1810 9,277 59.6%
1820 10,542 13.6%
1830 16,281 54.4%
1840 10,084 −38.1%
1850 13,425 33.1%
1860 12,654 −5.7%
1870 15,412 21.8%
1880 21,909 42.2%
1890 35,266 61.0%
1900 44,288 25.6%
1910 49,798 12.4%
1920 64,148 28.8%
1930 97,937 52.7%
1940 108,755 11.0%
1950 124,403 14.4%
1960 130,074 4.6%
1970 145,056 11.5%
1980 160,934 10.9%
1990 174,821 8.6%
2000 206,330 18.0%
2010 238,318 15.5%
Source: "".

Church Records


  • French Broad River, near Mills River, N.C. Organized before 1792.[7] Later located in Henderson.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records

Civil action papers, 1808-1889. (Free) Browse online at FamilySearch Historical Collections.


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes


  • Gash Rising, Marsha Hoffman. "The Gash Family of Buncombe County, North Carolina: Who Was Ebenezer Gash of St. Clair County, Missouri?," The American Genealogist, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1998):105-116 Digital Version


Land and Property Records

Land records in Buncombe County are searchable and the deeds are available online at the Register of Deeds Website

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Yancey CountyMcDowell CountyRutherford CountyTransylvania CountyHaywood CountyMadison CountyPolk CountyHenderson CountyNC BUNCOMBE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Buncombe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buncombe County:

- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, usually known as the Bethel Regiment.
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company K
- 14th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 4th Volunteers, Company F
:- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company F
- 1st Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves. Company A
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company G
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company B
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company C
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company F
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company I
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records

County Records

Voter Registration


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Listed below are archives in Buncombe County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries


Listed below are libraries in Buncombe County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.



Listed below are societies in Buncombe County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

  • Buncombe County, North Carolina Genealogical Society
    128 Bingham Road, Suite 950
    Asheville, North Carolina 28836
    Telephone Number: 828-253-1894


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buncombe County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Buncombe County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 8 February 2020.
  7. "French Broad Baptist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012; George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:561. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at