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Buncombe County, North Carolina Genealogy

Guide to Buncombe County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Asheville
Organized: 5 December 1791
Parent County(s): Burke, Rutherford[1]
Neighboring Counties
Haywood  • Henderson  • Madison  • McDowell  • Rutherford  • Transylvania  • Yancey
See County Maps
Courthouse
NorthCarolinaBumcombeCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nc-buncombe.png
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County InformationEdit

DescriptionEdit

Buncombe County is located in the Western portion of North Carolina and was named for Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary War colonel[2].

County CourthouseEdit

Buncombe County Courthouse
69 Court Plaza Run 110
Asheville, NC 28801-3519
Buncombe County Website

Reg of Deeds has b, m, d. bur & land records
Clk Sup Ct has div & pro rec from 1832 & Ct Rec[3]

Buncombe County, North Carolina Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1842 1913 1790 1791 1832 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record LossEdit

1830, 1865--The courthouse fires destroyed many court records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1791--Buncombe County was created 5 December 1791 from Burke and Rutherford Counties.
  • County seat: Asheville[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships
  • Black Mountain
  • Broad River
  • Fairview
  • Flat Creek
  • Hazel
  • Ivy
  • Leicester
  • Limestone
  • Lower Hominy
  • Sandy Mush
  • Upper Hominy


History TimelineEdit

ResourcesEdit

Bible RecordsEdit

BiographiesEdit

Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit

CemeteriesEdit

Cemeteries of Buncombe County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information

 

Census RecordsEdit

Church RecordsEdit

Baptist

  • French Broad River, near Mills River, N.C. Organized before 1792.[7] Later located in Henderson.

Court RecordsEdit

Civil action papers, 1808-1889. (Free) Browse online at FamilySearch Historical Collections.

DirectoriesEdit

Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit

GenealogiesEdit

  • Gash Rising, Marsha Hoffman. "The Gash Family of Buncombe County, North Carolina: Who Was Ebenezer Gash of St. Clair County, Missouri?," The American Genealogist, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Apr. 1998):105-116 Digital Version

GuardianshipEdit

Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land records in Buncombe County are searchable and the deeds are available online at the Register of Deeds Website

Local HistoriesEdit

Maps and GazetteersEdit

Yancey CountyMcDowell CountyRutherford CountyTransylvania CountyHaywood CountyMadison CountyPolk CountyHenderson CountyNC BUNCOMBE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


MigrationEdit

Military RecordsEdit

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Buncombe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buncombe County:

- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, usually known as the Bethel Regiment.
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company K
- 14th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 4th Volunteers, Company F
:- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company F
- 1st Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves. Company A
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company G
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company B
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company C
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company F
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company I
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit

NewspapersEdit

ObituariesEdit

Other RecordsEdit

County Records

PeriodicalsEdit

Probate RecordsEdit

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Vital RecordsEdit

BirthEdit

MarriageEdit

DeathEdit

DivorceEdit

Research FacilitiesEdit

ArchivesEdit

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

LibrariesEdit

MuseumsEdit

SocietiesEdit

  • Buncombe County, North Carolina Genealogical Society
    128 Bingham Road, Suite 950
    Asheville, North Carolina 28836
    Telephone Number: 828-253-1894
    website

WebsitesEdit

Research GuidesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. https://www.ncpedia.org/geography/Buncombe
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buncombe County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Buncombe County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buncombe_County%2C_North_Carolina#Communities, accessed 8 February 2020.
  7. "French Broad Baptist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012; George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:561. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/4/4d/Iginorthcarolinaa.pdf.