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Buffalo County, Wisconsin Genealogy

Guide to Buffalo County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Alma
Organized: July 6, 1853
Parent County(s): Jackson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Eau Claire  • Pepin  • Trempealeau  • Wabasha (MN)  • Winona (MN)
See County Maps
Alma Area Museum Buffalo County, WI.jpg
Location Map
WI Buffalo.png

County InformationEdit


The County was named for Buffalo River. The County is located in the west area of the state.[2]

County CourthouseEdit

Buffalo County Courthouse
407 S. 2nd Street
Alma, WI 54610
Phone: 608-685-6206
Buffalo County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, burial and land records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records.
Register in Probate has probate records.[3]

Buffalo County, Wisconsin Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1855 1856 1873 1853 1854 1854 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1907. General compliance year unknown.

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1853--Buffalo County was created 6 July 1853 from Jackson County. [5]
  • County seat: Alma[6]

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Buffalo County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information


Census RecordsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,864
1870 11,123 187.9%
1880 15,528 39.6%
1890 15,997 3.0%
1900 16,765 4.8%
1910 16,006 −4.5%
1920 15,615 −2.4%
1930 15,330 −1.8%
1940 16,090 5.0%
1950 14,719 −8.5%
1960 14,202 −3.5%
1970 13,743 −3.2%
1980 14,309 4.1%
1990 13,584 −5.1%
2000 13,804 1.6%
2010 13,587 −1.6%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Buffalo census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

  • 1855 - 1855 Wisconsin State Census This census includes name of head of family; other individuals in the household are identified by sex and race, number of deaf and dumb, blind, insane and foreign born.
  • 1865 - 1865 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.
  • 1875 - 1875 Wisconsin State Census Identifies head of household by name.
  • 1885 - Wisconsin State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch — index and images. Search indexed census.Identifies by name of head of household. Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
  • 1895 - Wisconsin State Census, 1895 at FamilySearch — index and images. Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical.
  • 1905 - Wisconsin State Census, 1905 at FamilySearch — Name index and images of population. Enumerates by name all inhabitants.

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.

Buffalo County

St. John's Lutheran Church, Alma

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local HistoriesEdit

Maps and GazetteersEdit

Pepin CountyEau Claire CountyTrempealeau CountyWinona CountyWabasha CountyWI BUFFALO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

Civil WarEdit

Regiments. Service men in Buffalo served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buffalo:

- 2nd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry, Company L
- 6th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company H
- 9th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company F
- 9th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Reorganized, Company C
- 14th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company I

World War IEdit

World War IIEdit

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



  • Alma Obituaries Index, WIGenWeb Project
  • Links to Obituaries, Charles Ebersold, Barbara Heller, John Ebersold, John Kostner, Roscoe Maynard McQuiston, and Margaret Ebersold McClellan - USGenWeb Archives

Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

Probate records are held by the Buffalo Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Buffalo Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Buffalo County Historical Society
    407 South Second Street, Second Floor
    PO Box 394
    Alma, WI 54610
    Phone: 608-685-6290
  • Alma Historical Society
    505 S 2nd St
    Alma, WI 54610
    Phone: 608-685-4975
  • Fountain City Area Historical Society
    PO Box 114
    Fountain City, WI 54629
    Pone: 608-687-4500
  • Mondovi Area Historical Society
    250 S Washington St
    Mondovi, WI 54755
    Phone: 715-826-5377


Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Buffalo County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Wisconsin."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buffalo County, Wisconsin. Page 755-760, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 757-759.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Buffalo County, Wisconsin," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Wisconsin#Communities, accessed 4 August 2018.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.