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African American Resources for New York

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[[United States Genealogy|United State] [[] New York [[] [[African_American_Resources_for_New_York|African American Resource]

A list of resource for researching African American ancestors who lived in New York.


Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

[ Schomburg Center for Research in Black Cultur
515 Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10037-1801
(212) 491-2200

Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
[ Carl A. Knoch Librar Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
[ Samuel J. May Anti-Slavery Collectio

Estate Records[edit | edit source]

Estate papers, 1817 of Brush, Ichabod, d. 1809. Mentions James Williams. Queens Borough Public Library Long Island Division 89-11 Merrick Blvd., Jamaica, N.Y. 11432

Wilson and Jane Rantus papers, ca. 1830-1890Largely bills submitted by individuals and the village and town government. Letters written to Wilson Rantus from Thomas Hamilton, pioneer black journalist, 1854-1861. Other items include insurance policies for private homes, and estate papers.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

"Genealogical History of Black Families of Orange County, New York" by Robert W. Brennan

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Railroad[edit | edit source]

Inventory of the Blacks in the Railroad Industry Collection, 1946-1954

Slavery[edit | edit source]

African American slavery was common in New York during the colonial period. Hoff prepared a guide for tracing African American colonists:

A law passed 29 March 1799 declared that "any child born of a slave after the 4th of July next shall be deemed to be born free." Owners discovered a loophole to keep these children enslaved by registering them in certain counties. Such lists have been located and published for the [[Castleton, New York#African_Americans|Town of Castleto] (Richmond County), [[Kings (Brooklyn) County, New York#African_Americans|Kings Count], and [[New York (Manhattan) County, New York#African_Americans|New York Count].[2]

Several lists of manumitted slaves have been discovered and published:

  • 1700s-1810s - Eichholz, Alice and James M. Rose. "New York State Manumissions," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Masters' Surnames A-B: Vol. 108, No. 4 (Oct. 1977):221-225; Masters' Surnames C-D: Vol. 109, No. 1 (Jan. 1978):22-24; Masters' Surnames E-I: Vol. 109, No. 2 (Apr. 1978):71-74; Masters' Surnames J-N: Vol. 109, No. 3 (Jul. 1978):145-149; Masters' Surnames O-S: Vol. 109, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):229-233; Masters' Surnames T-Z: Vol. 110, No. 1 (Jan. 1979):39-42. Digital version at New York Family Histor ($); [ FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 109-110.

Web Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Dick Eastman, " to Publish the Patriots of Color Database," Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, 24 February 2012,
  2. Alice Eichholz and James M. Rose, "Slave Births in Castleton, Richmond County, New York," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 110, No. 4 (Oct. 1979):196. Digital version at New York Family Histor ($); [ FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 110.