Difference between revisions of "African American Resources"

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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
 
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| link2=[[African American Genealogy|African American Genealogy]]
 
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}}<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[African American Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div>  
 
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== Introduction ==
+
==Introduction==
 
The first blacks were brought to the United States in 1619 by Dutch traders. Contrary to popular belief, not all blacks labored as slaves in the fields of the large Southern plantations. Many worked for smaller land owners, some worked as servants in the cities, and some were free. By the Civil War period, the descendants of less than 400,000 transplanted Africans numbered over 4 million. Read more about slave records at http://www.afrigeneas.com/slavedata/.  
 
The first blacks were brought to the United States in 1619 by Dutch traders. Contrary to popular belief, not all blacks labored as slaves in the fields of the large Southern plantations. Many worked for smaller land owners, some worked as servants in the cities, and some were free. By the Civil War period, the descendants of less than 400,000 transplanted Africans numbered over 4 million. Read more about slave records at http://www.afrigeneas.com/slavedata/.  
  
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Blacks were seldom addressed by a surname; instead they were usually listed by a first name, or as a "Black Male" or "Black Female." Once slavery ended and usage of surnames became legal, exslaves were free to use either their previous name (usually known to them, but not used in records) or to choose a new one. Obstacles arose when several members of one biological family adopted different last names.  
 
Blacks were seldom addressed by a surname; instead they were usually listed by a first name, or as a "Black Male" or "Black Female." Once slavery ended and usage of surnames became legal, exslaves were free to use either their previous name (usually known to them, but not used in records) or to choose a new one. Obstacles arose when several members of one biological family adopted different last names.  
  
=== Did You Know? ===
+
===Did You Know?===
  
 
*African American historical research can be undertaken in both military and civilian records; however, the documentation is scattered through a variety of correspondence of government and private citizens and government reports. One's success in researching African-American ancestry in the years prior to the Civil War will depend largely on what one's status was, slave or free by going to [http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html.]
 
*African American historical research can be undertaken in both military and civilian records; however, the documentation is scattered through a variety of correspondence of government and private citizens and government reports. One's success in researching African-American ancestry in the years prior to the Civil War will depend largely on what one's status was, slave or free by going to [http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html.]
  
== Resources ==
+
==Resources==
 +
 
 +
===Useful Websites===
  
=== Useful Websites  ===
 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/campaign/african-american-genealogy African American Genealogy]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/campaign/african-american-genealogy African American Genealogy]
 
*[https://www.aahgs.org/ Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society]
 
*[https://www.aahgs.org/ Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society]
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*[http://www.afrigeneas.com/ AfriGeneas]
 
*[http://www.afrigeneas.com/ AfriGeneas]
 
*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/black-genealogy Access Genealogy: Black Genealogy]
 
*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/black-genealogy Access Genealogy: Black Genealogy]
*[http://www.slavevoyages.org/ The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database]  
+
*[http://www.slavevoyages.org/ The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database]
 +
*[https://beyondkin.org/ Beyond Kin]
 +
*[http://digitalblackhistory.com/ Digital Black History]
 +
 
 +
===Books===
  
=== Books ===
 
 
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of Black servicemen compiled from the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records''. Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service. General Services Administration, 1974. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/149018 here])
 
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of Black servicemen compiled from the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records''. Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service. General Services Administration, 1974. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/149018 here])
 
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790''. Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by FamilySearch International, 2015. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2540655 here])
 
*Newman, Debra L. ''List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790''. Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by FamilySearch International, 2015. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2540655 here])
 
*Ross, Joseph B. ''Tabular analysis of the records of the U.S. colored troops and their predecessor units in the National Archives of the United States''. Washington, D.C. : NARS, 1973. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/123097 here])
 
*Ross, Joseph B. ''Tabular analysis of the records of the U.S. colored troops and their predecessor units in the National Archives of the United States''. Washington, D.C. : NARS, 1973. (Digital version [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/123097 here])
  
=== African American Genealogy Presentations ===
+
===African American Genealogy Presentations===
  
Many presentations from the 2006 AAHGS Conference (Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society) are now available to download and view for free. These are large files (200-400 MB each) and must be downloaded before viewing. Files are optimized for viewing with the free Quicktime media player available at [http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download].To download a presentation, please right click the link and select 'Save Target As' or 'Save Link As'.  
+
Many presentations from the 2006 AAHGS Conference (Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society) are now available to download and view for free. These are large files (200-400 MB each) and must be downloaded before viewing. Files are optimized for viewing with the free Quicktime media player available at http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download<nowiki/>.To download a presentation, please right click the link and select 'Save Target As' or 'Save Link As'.  
  
:Dr. Quintard Taylor, Jr., Author and Professor of American History, University of Washington<br>Presentation: Roots West: African American History in the Trans-Mississippi West<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4]
+
:Dr. Quintard Taylor, Jr., Author and Professor of American History, University of Washington<br>Presentation: Roots West: African American History in the Trans-Mississippi West<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4
:Mary Hill, Author and accredited genealogist for Southern and Eastern States<br>Presentation: Finding Records of Your Ancestors: 1870 to Present<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4]
+
:Mary Hill, Author and accredited genealogist for Southern and Eastern States<br>Presentation: Finding Records of Your Ancestors: 1870 to Present<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4
:Beth Wilson, Reference librarian for land records, African-American genealogy, and documentation research<br>Presentation: Trails Back: Tracing Ancestors in Slavery through Census, Probate, and Land Research<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4]
+
:Beth Wilson, Reference librarian for land records, African-American genealogy, and documentation research<br>Presentation: Trails Back: Tracing Ancestors in Slavery through Census, Probate, and Land Research<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4
:Dr. Spencer Crew, Director of the National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.<br>Presentation: National Underground Railroad Freedom Center: Activities and Accomplishments<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4]
+
:Dr. Spencer Crew, Director of the National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.<br>Presentation: National Underground Railroad Freedom Center: Activities and Accomplishments<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4
:Angela Walton Raji, Author and avid African–Native American genealogist<br>Presentation: Beyond the Dawes Rolls: Black Indian Ancestry East of the Mississippi<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4]
+
:Angela Walton Raji, Author and avid African–Native American genealogist<br>Presentation: Beyond the Dawes Rolls: Black Indian Ancestry East of the Mississippi<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4
:Adele Marcum, Professional genealogist and content specialist<br>Presentation: Where Should I Start? Beginning Research on Ancestry.com<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4]
+
:Adele Marcum, Professional genealogist and content specialist<br>Presentation: Where Should I Start? Beginning Research on Ancestry.com<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4
:Howard Dodson, Chief, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library<br>Presentation: Beyond Victimization: The Triumph Over Slavery<br>[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4 http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4]
+
:Howard Dodson, Chief, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library<br>Presentation: Beyond Victimization: The Triumph Over Slavery<br>http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4
  
 
{{African American|African American}}
 
{{African American|African American}}
 
  
 
[[Category:African_American Records]]
 
[[Category:African_American Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:22, 24 March 2020

African American Genealogy Wiki Topics
African American Image 5.jpg
Beginning Research
Original Records
Compiled Sources
Background Information
Finding Aids


Introduction[edit | edit source]

The first blacks were brought to the United States in 1619 by Dutch traders. Contrary to popular belief, not all blacks labored as slaves in the fields of the large Southern plantations. Many worked for smaller land owners, some worked as servants in the cities, and some were free. By the Civil War period, the descendants of less than 400,000 transplanted Africans numbered over 4 million. Read more about slave records at http://www.afrigeneas.com/slavedata/.

African American Image 5.jpg

Researching nonplantation blacks or slaves requires great patience and luck as slaves were not considered citizens of the United States and were not permitted to engage in legal transactions. Marriage contracts between blacks were legally forbidden until 1868. Since slaves were considered property of their owner, most records (such as deeds, wills, etc.) are interfiled with those of the owner's family. Sole ownership of all slave children legally resided with the owner of the child's mother, thus research is often limited to the maternal lines.

Blacks were seldom addressed by a surname; instead they were usually listed by a first name, or as a "Black Male" or "Black Female." Once slavery ended and usage of surnames became legal, exslaves were free to use either their previous name (usually known to them, but not used in records) or to choose a new one. Obstacles arose when several members of one biological family adopted different last names.

Did You Know?[edit | edit source]

  • African American historical research can be undertaken in both military and civilian records; however, the documentation is scattered through a variety of correspondence of government and private citizens and government reports. One's success in researching African-American ancestry in the years prior to the Civil War will depend largely on what one's status was, slave or free by going to http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/slavery-records.html.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Useful Websites[edit | edit source]

Books[edit | edit source]

  • Newman, Debra L. List of Black servicemen compiled from the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records. Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service. General Services Administration, 1974. (Digital version here)
  • Newman, Debra L. List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790. Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by FamilySearch International, 2015. (Digital version here)
  • Ross, Joseph B. Tabular analysis of the records of the U.S. colored troops and their predecessor units in the National Archives of the United States. Washington, D.C. : NARS, 1973. (Digital version here)

African American Genealogy Presentations[edit | edit source]

Many presentations from the 2006 AAHGS Conference (Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society) are now available to download and view for free. These are large files (200-400 MB each) and must be downloaded before viewing. Files are optimized for viewing with the free Quicktime media player available at http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download.To download a presentation, please right click the link and select 'Save Target As' or 'Save Link As'.

Dr. Quintard Taylor, Jr., Author and Professor of American History, University of Washington
Presentation: Roots West: African American History in the Trans-Mississippi West
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_QuintardTaylor.mp4
Mary Hill, Author and accredited genealogist for Southern and Eastern States
Presentation: Finding Records of Your Ancestors: 1870 to Present
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_MaryHill.mp4
Beth Wilson, Reference librarian for land records, African-American genealogy, and documentation research
Presentation: Trails Back: Tracing Ancestors in Slavery through Census, Probate, and Land Research
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_BethWilson.mp4
Dr. Spencer Crew, Director of the National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.
Presentation: National Underground Railroad Freedom Center: Activities and Accomplishments
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_SpencerCrew.mp4
Angela Walton Raji, Author and avid African–Native American genealogist
Presentation: Beyond the Dawes Rolls: Black Indian Ancestry East of the Mississippi
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AngelaWaltonRaji.mp4
Adele Marcum, Professional genealogist and content specialist
Presentation: Where Should I Start? Beginning Research on Ancestry.com
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_AdeleMarcum.mp4
Howard Dodson, Chief, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library
Presentation: Beyond Victimization: The Triumph Over Slavery
http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/aahgs/AAHGS_Feb2007_HowardDodson.mp4