Difference between revisions of "African American Migration"

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(Fugitive Slave Laws)
(Emigration to Liberia)
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''' American Colonization Society Sources'''  
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''' American Colonization Society Sources'''
*[https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam002.html Library of Congress. American Colonization Society]
 
 
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Colonization_Society Wikipedia. American Colonization Society]
 
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Colonization_Society Wikipedia. American Colonization Society]
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''' Library of Congress '''
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*[https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam002.html Library of Congress. American Colonization Society]
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*[https://www.loc.gov/item/mm78010660/ American Colonization Society Records]
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*[http://findingaids.loc.gov/db/search/xq/searchMfer02.xq?_id=loc.mss.eadmss.ms009329&_faSection=overview&_faSubsection=did&_dmdid= Finding Aid: Collection Summary]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/785285?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Emigrants to Liberia, 1820 to 1843, an alphabetical listing.''Newark, Delaware : University of Delaware Department of Anthropology & Liberian Studies Association in America, 1971. FHL 966.62 W2e]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/785285?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Emigrants to Liberia, 1820 to 1843, an alphabetical listing.''Newark, Delaware : University of Delaware Department of Anthropology & Liberian Studies Association in America, 1971. FHL 966.62 W2e]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/330712?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Behold the promised land : a history of Afro-American settler society in nineteenth-century Liberia.'' Baltimore, Maryland : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. FHL 966.62 H2s]  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/330712?availability=Family%20History%20Library Tom W. Shick. ''Behold the promised land : a history of Afro-American settler society in nineteenth-century Liberia.'' Baltimore, Maryland : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. FHL 966.62 H2s]  
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/58743?availability=Family%20History%20Library Penelope Campbell. ''Maryland in Africa: the Maryland Colonization Society,1831-1857.''Urbana, Illinois : University of Illinois Press, 1971. FHL 966.6 H2c]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/58743?availability=Family%20History%20Library Penelope Campbell. ''Maryland in Africa: the Maryland Colonization Society,1831-1857.''Urbana, Illinois : University of Illinois Press, 1971. FHL 966.6 H2c]
 
*[https://archive.org/details/removaloffreecol00mary/page/n2 Maryland. Report of the Select Committee, to Whom was Referred the Subject of the Removal of the Free Colored Population from Charles County.]
 
*[https://archive.org/details/removaloffreecol00mary/page/n2 Maryland. Report of the Select Committee, to Whom was Referred the Subject of the Removal of the Free Colored Population from Charles County.]
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''' National Archives'''
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1786936 Letters Received Relating to African Colonization, 1/5/1819 - 3/10/1841. National Archives Catalog. NAID 1786936]
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1786936 Letters Received Relating to African Colonization, 1/5/1819 - 3/10/1841. National Archives Catalog. NAID 1786936]
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1768603 Letters Sent Relating to African Colonization, 1/17/1820 - 1858, National Archives Catalog. NAID 1768603]
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1768603 Letters Sent Relating to African Colonization, 1/17/1820 - 1858, National Archives Catalog. NAID 1768603]

Revision as of 11:18, 2 December 2019

African American Genealogy Wiki Topics
African American Image 5.jpg
Beginning Research
Original Records
Compiled Sources
Background Information
Finding Aids

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A record of major migrations of African Americans and precipitating events.

Emigration to Canada[edit | edit source]


American Revolution[edit | edit source]

American slaves migrated to Canada in search of freedom after the American Revolution See: Africans in Canada

Underground Railroad[edit | edit source]

Nework to Freedom - National Park Service[edit | edit source]

Reference Sources


State and Local Sources Publications

Archives and Libraries

Ohio Historical Society

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Harvard Library

Indiana Department of Natural Resources


Additional Sources

There was a notable community in Nova Scotia. Some of the newly free slaves would intermingle with Canadian Indians, as they often did in the U.S. Don't ignore Canada when looking for your African American ancestors! Check out this site about Harriet Tubman

For more, see: Canada First Nations Genealogy Research Community

Fugitive Slave Laws[edit | edit source]

National Archives Catalog - US District & Circuit Courts records of Fugitive Slaves Cases

National Archives

FamilySearch Wiki Coverage Table

FamilySearch Catalog

Emigration to Liberia[edit | edit source]

Liberia History


American Colonization Society Sources

Library of Congress


National Archives

Migration within the United States[edit | edit source]

Slave Populations before the Civil War

By 1790, nearly all Africans to be imported to the United States had already arrived. They lived in primarily four states.

  • Virginia—293,000
  • South Carolina—107,000
  • Maryland—103,000
  • North Carolina—101,000
  • No other state had more than 30,000 enslaved people.

Between 1820 and 1860, huge increases in slave population occurred across the South. Slave populations in 1860 are listed below:

  • Virginia—491,000
  • Georgia—462,000
  • Mississippi—437,000
  • Alabama—435,000
  • South Carolina—402,000
  • Louisiana—332,000
  • North Carolina—331,000
  • Tennessee—275,000
  • Kentucky—225,000
  • Texas—183,000
  • Missouri—115,000
  • Arkansas—111,000

Migration after the Civil War
Between 1790 and 1900, 90% of African Americans lived in the South.
By 1960, 50% of African Americans lived in the South.

  • 100,000 African Americans moved to Kansas in late 1870s, early 1880s
  • 500,000 African Americans left the south during WWI (1916-1919)
  • 90,000 to Pennsylvania
  • 73,000 to Illinois
  • 43,000 to Michigan
  • 1 million African Americans left the South in the 1920s
  • 5 million African Americans left the South between 1940-1960
  • During 1970s, African Americans started returning to the South, especially to larger, urban cities.
  • By 1990, 84% of African Americans lived in urban areas.
  • See Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915-1940by Spencer Crew.

Enslaved in the North
By 1800, approximately 37,000 northern blacks were still reported in bondage. By 1830, most northern states had required freeing of slaves although 3,600 people remained in bondage, mostly in New Jersey.

Free Blacks
In 1860, there were 488,000 free blacks or about 10% of total African Americans in the U.S.

  • 46% of free blacks (226,000) lived in North and West
  • 46% lived in upper South (KY, MD, MO, TN, VA, NC, DC)
  • 8% lived in deep South