1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

This Unit completed its organization at Winchester, Virginia, in July 1861.  Unlike most regiments, the 1st contained twelve companies.  After taking part in the Battle of First Manassas, the unit was brigaded under Generals J. E. B Stuart, F. Lee, Wickham, and Munford. The cavalry cut through the Federal lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from this unit was present at the surrender. The field officers were Colonels R. Welby Carter, James H. Drake, William E. Jones, Fitzhugh Lee, William A. Morgan, and James E. B. Stuart; Lieutenant Colonels L. Tiernan Brien and Charles R. Irving; and Major Robert Swan. [1]

Companies[edit | edit source]

The men were from the counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Rockbridge, Clarke, Washington, Augusta, Jefferson, Amelia, Loudoun, Rockingham, and Gloucester.

Companies and captains:

Company A - Newtown Light Dragoons: Captain J. H. Drake
Company B - Berkeley Troop: Captain J. B. Hoge
Company C - Rockbridge Dragoons No.1: Captain M. X. White, Jr.
Company D - Clarke Cavalry: Captain J. F. Hardesty
Company E - Valley Rangers: Captain W. Patrick
Company F - Shepherdstown Troop: Captain W. A. Morgan
Company G - Amelia Light Dragoons: Captain C. R. Irving
Company H - Loudoun Light Horse: Captain R. W. Carter
Company I - Harrisonburg Cavalry: Captain T. L. Yancey
Company K - Rockingham Cavalry or River Rangers: Captain E. S. Yancey
Company L - (1st) Washington Mounted Rifles: Captain William E. Jones
Company L - (2nd) Gloucester Light Dragoons: Captain J. W. Puller
Company M - Howard Dragoons: Captain G. R. Gaither, JR.
Company N - Natchez Cavalry or Adams Troop: Captain W. T. Martin
Company O - Sumter Mounted Guards: Captain W. M. Stone

Regiment surname lists

[edit | edit source]

The muster roll of Company G is included in:

  • Muster Roll of Amelia County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865. MSS. Amelia County Courthouse (Amelia, Va.). Copy: FHL Film 30474 Item 5.
  • Roster of Amelia Troop: Which Constituted Company G, First Regiment, Virginia Cavalry, From the Beginning to the End of the Confederate War. Richmond, Va.: W.E. Jones Print. Co., 1911. FHL Fiche 6082785.

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861-1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Company G. Roster of Amelia Troop : which constituted Company G, First Regiment, Virginia Cavalry, from the beginning to the end of the Confederate war. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL Fiche 6082785
  • Haden, B.J. and J.E.B. Stuart. Reminiscences of J.E.B. Stuart's Cavalry. Charlottesville, Va.: Progress Pub. Co., n.d. FHL Fiche 6082787.
  • Lewis, Charles E. War sketches, no. 1 : with the First Dragoons in Virginia. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1992) FHL Fiche 6083605
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
  • Trout, Robert J. They Followed the Plume: The Story of J.E.B. Stuart and His Staff. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1993. FHL Book 973 M2tro.
  • Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).