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Wisconsin Superintendency of Indian Affairs

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian Affairs Gotoarrow.png Superintendencies Gotoarrow.png Wisconsin Superintendency

History[edit | edit source]

The Wisconsin Superintendency was established in 1836 and originally included the present states of Iowa and Minnesota and much of the Dakotas. It was discontinued in 1848.

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Tribes[edit | edit source]

Sac and Fox, Winnebago, Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge, Munsee, Iowa , Sioux of Mississippi, and Chippewa of the Mississippi

Governors and Ex officio Superintendents[edit | edit source]

Henry Dodge 1836, James Duane Doty 1841, Nathaniel P. Tallmadge 1844, and Henry Dodge 1845 [1]

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the agencies.

The Wisconsin Superintendency had responsibility for Chippewa Indians, Menominee Indians, Sauk Indians, Fox Indians, Winnebago Indians and Sioux Indians (Sisseton, Wahpeton, Mdewakanton, and Wahpekute Bands) as well as for Brotherton, Munsee, Oneida, and Stockbridge Indians.

Records[edit | edit source]

Records of the Wisconsin Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1836-1848, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M951. Copies are also available at the Chicago Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Wisconsin Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Wisconsin Superintendency, 1836-1848, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661678 thru 1661679.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. FHL Book 970.1 H5510

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

Sources[edit | edit source]