White River Indian Agency (Colorado)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]
Grand River Ute, Uinta Ute, Yampa Ute
History[edit | edit source]
The White River Agency, known as the Middle Park Agency from 1862 to 1869, was located at Fort Thornburgh, Colorado and served the Uncompahgre Band of Ute Indians. This agency was sometimes called the Upper Agency. In 1879, a group of Ute men killed the agent, Nathan Meeker, and the agency offices were burned. This agency was never rebuilt and the Indians it served were removed to the Uintah Valley in Utah, about 140 miles west of the White River site.
The agency was under the jurisdiction of the Colorado Superintendency.
Agents and Appointment Dates[edit | edit source]
Simeon Whiteley December 23, 1862, Daniel C. Oakes May 11, 1865, Lt. W. W. parry June 26, 1869, Capt. William H. Merrill October 23, 1869, Capt. H. Latimer Beck March 29, 1870, John S. Littlefield February 8, 1871, Edward H. Danforth May 8, 1874, and Nathan C.Meeker February 6,1878. 
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Correspondence and other administrative records may be a part of the records of the Colorado Superintendency. Some agency records were likely burned with the agency buildings in 1879.
References[edit | edit source]
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 48.
- The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online