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Wheelock Academy (Oklahoma)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Wheelock Academy (Oklahoma)

History[edit | edit source]

The history of Wheelock Academy dates to as early as 1832, when a missionary couple, Alfred and Harriet Wright, began teaching Choctaw female children. A dormitory was built in 1839 and the school was formally adopted into the Choctaw school system in 1842 as the Wheelock Female Seminary. The school closed in 1861 due to the Civil War. The Seminary building and many of the nearby buildings burned after the Civil War, but the Choctaw national leaders rebuilt the school in 1884.

The federal government assumed control of the school in 1910 and continued its operation until 1955 when it was closed. It has also operated under the name of Wheelock Female Ophan Academy.

Transferred to Five Civilized Tribes, 1 July 1934.

Records[edit | edit source]

Student Case Files, 1911-1953, and a Register of Students, 1916-1926, are records of Wheelock Academy among the holdings of the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth), Texas.

Some records of Wheelock Academy may be embedded in the records of the Muskogee Area Office and the Five Civilized Tribes Agency, many of which are housed at the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth).

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Wheelock Female Orphan Academy, 1912-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Roll2 168-169, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724386-1724387). Reports for some years are missing.

References[edit | edit source]

  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States

Oklahoma Historical Society. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.