Washington County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Washington County, Ohio
Boundary map of Washington County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Washington County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Washington County Courthouse
205 Putnam St.
Marietta, Ohio 45750
Washington County Website

Washington County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1789 1867 1795 1788 1789 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from unorganized land in 1788.
  • County Seat: Marietta

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for George Washington.[2] It's county seat is Marietta and was founded 1788. It is located in the Southeast area of the state.[3]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Monroe County  • Noble County  • Morgan County  • Athens County  • Wood County, West Virginia Genealogy  • Pleasants County, West Virginia Genealogy  • Tyler County, West Virginia Genealogy

Boundary changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census and Directories[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 5,427
1810 5,991 10.4%
1820 10,425 74.0%
1830 11,731 12.5%
1840 20,823 77.5%
1850 29,540 41.9%
1860 36,268 22.8%
1870 40,609 12.0%
1880 43,244 6.5%
1890 42,380 −2.0%
1900 48,245 13.8%
1910 45,422 −5.9%
1920 43,049 −5.2%
1930 42,437 −1.4%
1940 43,537 2.6%
1950 44,407 2.0%
1960 51,689 16.4%
1970 57,160 10.6%
1980 64,266 12.4%
1990 62,254 −3.1%
2000 63,251 1.6%
2010 61,778 −2.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Washington County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

  • Dennis, James L., Washington's Darker Brother: One Hundred Years of Black History in Washington County, Ohio, 1788-1888, (Parkersburg, West Virginia: J.L. Dennis, 1986). FHL book 977.198 F2d
  • Jordan, Wayne, The People of Ohio's First County, (Dayton, Ohio: Wright State University, 1989). FHL film 1704680 item 6
  • Creigh, Alfred, History of Washington County: From Its First Settlement to the Present Time, (B. Singerly, 1871). Digital copy at Google Books Internet Archive

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Morgan CountyNoble CountyMonroe CountyAthens CountyWood CountyPleasants CountyTyler CountyOH WASHINGTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company L
- 36th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, F, and G
  • Sams, Catherine J. (Catherine Jean Lewis). 1890 census, veterans & widows of the Civil War, Washington County, Ohio. (Caldwell, Ohio : F & L Enterprises, 1989) FHL Book 977.198 X2s
  • MIlitary Records for Ohio Counties
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Marietta Chapter (Marietta, Ohio). Revolutionary soldiers buried in Washington County, Ohio : containing military records and short history of lives. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. FHL Collection
  • Civil War - Fallen Soldiers From Washington County, Ohio.  Taken from The History of Washington Co., Ohio 1778-1881 by H. Z. Williams    (Partial List - 624 Names)
  • 1890 Census for Civil War Veterans & Widows - Duhham Twp, Washington County, Ohio
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Washington County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries. Online Newspapers

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Washington County Courthouse
205 Putnam Street
Marietta, OH 45740
Phone: 740.373.6623

Probate Judge has birth and death records from 1867
marriage and probate records from 1789
Clerk Court has
divorce and court records from 17
County recorder has
land records
Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.
(Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002),
Washington County, Ohio.
Page 546 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Washington County Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 2174
Marietta, OH 45750
Email: WCCOGS@washogs.org

Washington County Historical Society
P.O. Box 103
Marietta, OH 45750
Telephone: 740-373-1788

Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Ohio accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Washington County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/washington/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Ohio, accessed 17 January 2019.