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Washington County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Indiana ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Washington County, Indiana
Map
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Location of Indiana in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 21, 1813
County Seat Salem
Courthouse
Address Washington County Courthouse
99 Public Square
Salem, IN 47167
Phone: 812.883.5748
County Website
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Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1814 1882 1814 1814 1814 1807
Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for George Washington. The county seat is Salem and the county was organized on December 21, 1813.[4] The County is located in the South Central part of the state.[5]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Lawrence  • Jackson  • Scott  • Clark  • Floyd  • Harrison  • Crawford  • Orange

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Indiana County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Indiana County Boundary Maps" (1790-1873) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
INGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
INGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.
  • Online database for Crown Hill Cemetery, largest cemetery in the county. Dating back to 1824, the cemetery has several thousand grave sites.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Washington County, Indiana Genealogy census records online, see: Indiana Census.

  • Index to Defective, Dependent & Delinquent Census for Washington County, Indiana (1880) (members only database, Indiana Genealogical Society)

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository.


Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • Records of Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.


Finding More Church Records[edit source]

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]
  • Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott and Washington, Indiana. (Evansville, Ind: Unigraphic, 1972.) FHL US/CAN Film 934899 Item 4, FHL Collection, Other Libraries, Internet Archive
  • History of Washington County Indiana: A Re-Production of the Original "History of Lawrence, Orange and Washington Counties" 1884. (Salem, Ind: Washington County Historical Society, 1999.) 977.226 H2Lc FHL, FHL Collection, Other Libraries, Internet Archive

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the courthouse, where records are currently housed.

See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.


Finding More Land Records[edit source]

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:


Maps[edit | edit source]

Lawrence CountyJackson CountyScott CountyClark CountyHarrison CountyCrawford CountyOrange CountyFloyd CountyIN WASHINGTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County.

Civil War Books

  • "Military History" Chapter 7 in History of Washington County Indiana: A Re-Production of the Original "History of Lawrence, Orange and Washington Counties" 1884. (Salem, Ind: Washington County Historical Society, 1999.)(page 793-815, Regiment, Companies)977.226 H2Lc FHL, FHL Collection, Other Libraries, Internet Archive
World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Occupation[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.


Online Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

School Records[edit | edit source]
Voting Registration[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]
County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Washington County Courthouse
99 Public Square
Salem, IN 47167
Phone: 812.883.5748

County Health Department birth and death from 1882. County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate, probate and court records from 1814 and newspapers from 1891. County recorder has land records. County Historical Society has many family records. [6]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the family history center directory.

Libraries, Museums and Societies[edit | edit source]

The John Hay Center
307 East Market Street
Salem 47167-2119
Telephone Number: 812-833-6495
E-mail: info@johnhaycenter.org
Website
Cemetery records books, histories, marriage and divorce records, and miscellaneous materials such as 1800-1902 Abstract of Wills, 1882-1999 Death Records and others.

Pekin Historical Society
5260 S. State Road 60
Pekin, IN 47165-7222

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.


For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records[edit source]

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records. See also How to order Indiana Vital Records or order electronically online.

Marriage licenses were required by counties beginning in 1800. Original marriage records are held at the office of the Washington County, Indiana Genealogy County Clerk with divorce records located with the Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]

Finding Vital Records at Other Repositories

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Indiana Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:



Websites[edit | edit source]

Places[edit | edit source]

Information about the city of Salem, see the Wikipedia article Salem, Indiana

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Indiana. Page 211-218 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 208-211.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Washington County, Indiana Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ind/washington/ accessed 04/05/2017.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Indiana accessed 04/05/2017.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Indiana 217 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

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