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Washington County, Illinois Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Washington County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Facts
Founded: January 2, 1818
County Seat Nashville
Courthouse
IL-washington-courthouse.jpg
Address Washington County Courthouse
101 E. St. Louis Street
Nashville, IL 62263
(618) 327-4800


Washington County Organization[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1877 1832 1877 1818 1818 1818 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916. General compliance by 1922.

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Washington County are kept, see the Washington County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

George Washington

Washington County is named for George Washington, Commander in chief during the American Revolution and first president of the United States.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1818--Washington County was created 2 January 1818 from St. Clair County.  County seat:  Nashville [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for George Washington. The county seat is Nashville and the county was organized on January 2, 1818. The County is located in the Southwest central area of the state.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]


To see a list of places in Washington County, click on [Show], in the bar above. The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have websites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Washington, Illinois online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Illinois Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Washington county cemeteries.

  • Cemetery list by ePodunk gives the names of the cemeteries in the county with a link to more information such as address, phone number, and web site.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
190019,526
191018,759−3.9%
192018,035−3.9%
193016,286−9.7%
194015,801−3.0%
195014,460−8.5%
196013,569−6.2%
197013,7801.6%
198015,47212.3%
199014,965−3.3%
200015,1481.2%
IL Counties 1900-1990

For tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.

1840 Pensioners[edit | edit source]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Washington County on page 188.]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Catholic[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch has made parish records from six Belleville Diocese Catholic churches in Washington County available online. The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Ethnic Research[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online sources, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Washington County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the SIU IRAD Wiki page.

Abstracts

Online Resources

Online Resources

Maps[edit | edit source]

St. Clair CountyClinton CountyMarion CountyJefferson CountyFranklin CountyPerry CountyRandolph CountyIL WASHINGTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Washington County.

- 5th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company H.
- 44th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 60th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 62nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 110th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 111th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 136th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company B.
- 154th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Newspapers and Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records


Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed online or through, the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Washington County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the SIU IRAD Wiki page.

  • 1853-1858 Probate Administrator's and Guardian's Record - IRAD-SIU
  • 1863-1964 Probate Administrator's Record - IRAD-SIU
  • 1862-1905 Probate Executor's Record - IRAD-SIU
  • 1856-1930 Probate Guardian's Record - IRAD-SIU
  • 1818-1979 Probate Record - IRAD-SIU
  • 1879-1905 Probate Will Record - IRAD-SIU

Pre - 1910 Probate Records Index, courtesy: Genealogy Trails.

Repositories[edit | edit source]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Washington County are kept, see the Washington County Courthouse page.

Family History Center[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)[edit | edit source]

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Southern Illinois University houses the records for Washington County.

Public Libraries[edit | edit source]

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois has a page with details about its' activities.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois. See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online.


Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Clinton County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Southern Illinois University (SIU) - search for Washington County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the SIU IRAD Wiki page.

General[edit | edit source]

  • 1809–1870 Myer, Lois C. Vital records of Randolph and Washington counties, Illinois, 1809–1870. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1969. FHL film 599051 Item 1

Birth[edit | edit source]

Abstracts

  • 1928-1948 Dickinson, H.B. and compiled by Elda (McCormick)Jones, Birth records, Dr. H.B. Dickinson, Coulterville, Illinois (Marissa, Illinois : Marissa Historical and Genealogical Society, 2003). Other Libraries (WorldCat)FHL book 977.392/C2 J4d

Online Resources

  • Genealogy Trails offers a variety of birth records from the 1860s, 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Abstracts


Online Resources

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Resources

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Illinois. Page 192-199 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Illinois 04/20/2017.

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