War of 1812, 1812 to 1815

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Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814


The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.[1] Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.

Countries Involved in the War[edit | edit source]

Click on a link below to find more resources about the War of 1812 for that location:

How to Find Your War of 1812 Soldier[edit | edit source]

Cultural Groups Participating in the War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Native Americans/First Nations[edit | edit source]

African Americans/African Canadians[edit | edit source]

French Canadians[edit | edit source]

Historical Information[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Battles[edit | edit source]

Individual Battles

  • Battle of Queenston Heights, Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812
  • Battle of Frenchtown(British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of Lake Erie (Wikipedia)
    Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg
    (United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario
  • Battle of Lundy's Lane (Both sides claimed victory) - 25 July 1814 about one mile from Niagara Falls
  • Battle of New Orleans (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815

Guides[edit | edit source]

  • A Guide to the War of 1812 at the Library of Congress - discusses and links to online collections related to the War of 1812 on the Library of Congress website
  • Military Resources: War of 1812 at the National Archives - online resources discussing the records of the War of 1812 at the National Archives

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).