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Guide to Preble County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Eaton
Organized: March 1, 1808[1]
Parent County(s): Butler, Montgomery
Neighboring Counties
Darke  • Montgomery  • Butler  • Union (IN)  • Wayne (IN)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Preble County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH preble.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Edward Preble, a naval officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War. It is located in the Southwest area of the state.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Preble County Courthouse
101 East Main Street
Eaton, Ohio 45320
Phone: 937-456-8145
Preble County Website

Probate Judge has birth and death records from 1867,
probate records from 1800 and marriage records from 1808;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1850;
County Recorder has land records from 1804[2]

Preble County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1808 1867 1850 1804 1800 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Preble County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,304
1820 10,237 209.8%
1830 16,291 59.1%
1840 19,482 19.6%
1850 21,736 11.6%
1860 21,820 0.4%
1870 21,809 −0.1%
1880 24,533 12.5%
1890 23,421 −4.5%
1900 23,713 1.2%
1910 23,834 0.5%
1920 23,238 −2.5%
1930 22,455 −3.4%
1940 23,329 3.9%
1950 27,081 16.1%
1960 32,498 20.0%
1970 34,719 6.8%
1980 38,223 10.1%
1990 40,113 4.9%
2000 42,337 5.5%
2010 42,270 −0.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

  • Graham, Albert Adams, History of Preble County, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches, (Cleveland, Ohio: H.Z. Williams, 1881). Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Howe, Henry. History of Preble County, Ohio, 1808-1889 : excerpted from 1898 edition of Howe's historical collection of Ohio. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Lowry, R.E., History of Preble County, Ohio: Her people, Industry, and Institutions, (Indianapolis, Indiana: B.F. Bowen, 1915). Digital copy at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Composite collection of cadastral maps of Preble County, Ohio, Published by the Preble County Historical Society. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • A Biographical history of Preble County, Ohio, A Compendium of National Biography. Published by the Lewis Publishing Co, Chicago, 1900. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Directory of Preble County, Ohio : historical sketches and biographies of Eminent Pioneers, Advertisements, Home and Foreign. Published by B. E. Morgan Publisher and Compiler, Eaton, Ohio, 1875. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Clevenger's directory of farmers and breeders : Preble County, Ohio, 1919-1920. Published by Clevenger Directory Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1919. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Darke CountyMontgomery CountyButler CountyUnion CountyWayne CountyOH PREBLE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources
  • Composite Collection of Cadastral Maps of Preble County, Ohio by Seth Schlotterbeck (Eaton, Ohio: Preble County Historical Society, c1978). Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Plat Book of Preble County, Ohio: Compiled from County Records and Actual Surveys.(Des Moines, Iowa: Northwest Publishing Co., 1912). On line at: Library of Congress
  • Township Maps of Preble County, Ohio: Compiled from County Records and Actual Surveys. (Richmond, Indiana: F. B. Robinson, c1897). At Library of Congress

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Preble County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Preble County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Preble County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Preble County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Preble County District Library
Preble County Room
450 S. Barron Street
Eaton, OH 45320
937-456-4250
E-mail:pcdl@preblelibrary.org
Website

Brown Memorial Public Library
101 S. Commerce Street
P.O. Box 640
Lewisburg, OH 45338-0640
937-962-2377
Website

Marion Lawrence Memorial Library
15 E. Franklin Street - Municipal Building
Gratis, OH 45330-9999
937-787-3502

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Preble County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Preble County Genealogical Society
Preble County District Library
450 S. Barron Street
Eaton, Ohio 45320
E-mail:preblecgs@gmail.com
Website

Preble County Historical Soceity
7693 Swartsel Road
Eaton, Ohio 45320
937-787-4256
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Preble County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preble_County,_Ohio, accessed 9 January 2019.