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Guide to Lucas County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Toledo
Organized: 20 June 1835[1]
Parent County(s): Wood, Sandusky[2]
Neighboring Counties
Ottawa  • Wood  • Henry  • Fulton  • Lenawee (MI)  • Monroe (MI)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Lucas County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH lucas.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Robert Lucas, the 12th governor of Ohio. In 1835 during his second term, the county's establishment provoked the Toledo War conflict with the Michigan Territory. It is located in the Northwest-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Lucas County Courthouse
700 Adams Street
Toledo, OH 43624
Phone: 419-213-4484
Lucas County Courthouse

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1850;
Probate judge has birth records 1865-1908, death records
from 1935, marriage and probate records; County Recorder
has land records[4]

Lucas County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1865 1835 1868 1835 1808 1835 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
  • Alexis Addition
  • Bono
  • Business Corner
  • East Swanton
Census-designated places
Townships
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Lucas County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 9,382
1850 12,363 31.8%
1860 25,831 108.9%
1870 46,722 80.9%
1880 67,377 44.2%
1890 102,296 51.8%
1900 153,559 50.1%
1910 192,728 25.5%
1920 275,721 43.1%
1930 347,709 26.1%
1940 344,333 −1.0%
1950 395,551 14.9%
1960 456,931 15.5%
1970 484,370 6.0%
1980 471,741 −2.6%
1990 462,361 −2.0%
2000 455,054 −1.6%
2010 441,815 −2.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Catholic

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Ottawa CountyWood CountyHenry CountyFulton CountyLenawee CountyMonroe CountyOH LUCAS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Lucas County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Lucas County.

- 1st Regiment, Michigan Cavalry, Company E
- 100th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Company A - many men from Toledo and and Perrysburg in Wood County
Company E - many men from Toledo and northern Fulton County
Company F - many men from western Lucas County, especially Waterville and Maumee
- 111th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies E and H

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Lucas County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Lucas County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Lucas County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Lucas County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Toledo Lucas County Public Library
325 Michigan St
Toledo, OH 43604
419-259-5200
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Toledo History Museum
425 N St Clair St
PO Box 485
Toledo, OH 43697 0485
419-215-2437
Email:toledohistorymuseuminfo@gmail.com
Website

National Museum of the Great Lakes
1701 Front St
Toledo, OH 43605
419-214-5000
Website

Old West end Association
P O Box 4652
Toledo, Ohio 43610
567-698-7969
E-mail:OWEASSOCIATION@GMAIL.COM
Website

Whitehouse Historical Society
PO Box 2571
Whitehouse, OH 43571
419-877-5383
E-mail:secretary.whitehousehs@gmail.com​
Website

Waterville Historical Society
401 Farnsworth Rd
P.O. Box 263
Waterville, OH 43566
E-mail:WHS43566@OUTLOOK.COM
Website

Heritage Sylvania
5717 Main St
Sylvania, OH 43560
419-517-5533
Website

Toledo's Attic
Online resources
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Lucas County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Lucas County Chapter O.G.S.
c/o Local History & Genealogy Department
Toledo-Lucas County Public Library
325 Michigan St
Toledo, OH 43624-1614
Website

Toledo Area Genealogical Society (TAGS)
4515 282nd
Toledo OH 43611-1848
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Lucas County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/lucas/ accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Lucas County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucas_County,_Ohio, accessed 27 December 2018.