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Guide to Ashland County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about the north central Ohio county. For other uses, see Ashland.
County Facts
County seat: Ashland
Organized: 24 February 1846[1]
Parent County(s): Huron, Lorain, Richland, Wayne[2]
Neighboring Counties
Lorain  • Huron  • Richland  • Knox  • Holmes  • Wayne  • Medina
See County Maps
Ashland County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH ashland.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the home of Senator Henry Clay near Lexington, Kentucky. It is located in the North Central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Ashland County Courthouse
110 W 2nd St
Ashland, Ohio 44805-2101
Phone: 419-289-000
Ashland County Website

Clerk of the Courts has divorces and court records.
Probate Court has marriages and probate records.
County Recorder has land records.[4]

Ashland County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1846 1867 1846 1846 1846 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. Hometown Locator The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Albion
  • England
  • Five Points
  • Herefork
  • Lake Fork
  • McKay
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Ashland County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 23,813
1860 22,951 −3.6%
1870 21,933 −4.4%
1880 23,883 8.9%
1890 22,223 −7.0%
1900 21,184 −4.7%
1910 22,975 8.5%
1920 24,627 7.2%
1930 26,867 9.1%
1940 29,785 10.9%
1950 33,040 10.9%
1960 38,771 17.3%
1970 43,303 11.7%
1980 46,178 6.6%
1990 47,507 2.9%
2000 52,523 10.6%
2010 53,139 1.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Huron CountyLorain CountyMedina CountyWayne CountyHolmes CountyKnox CountyRichland CountyOH ASHLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Ashland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ashland County.

-1st Regiment, Ohio Light Artillery, Batteries C and D
-102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B and K
-105th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company I

Online Database

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Ashland County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Ashland County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Ashland County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Ashland County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Ashland Public Library
224 Claremont Avenue
Ashland, OH 44805

Ashland University Library
401 College Ave
Ashland, OH 44805

Research Library
Western Reserve Historical Society History Center
10825 East Blvd
Cleveland, OH 44106
216-721-5722 x1509

Museums[edit | edit source]

Cleo Redd Fisher Museum of the Mochian Historical Society
203 East Main Street
Loudonville, Ohio 44842
419 994-4050

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Ashland County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Western Reserve Historical Society
10825 East Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44106
216-721-5722 x1509

Western Reserve Historical Society has original land records, genealogies of New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, biographies, histories, and family Bibles

Ashland County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
Ashland Christ United Methodist Church
1140 Claremont Avenue
Ashland, OH 44805

Ashland County Historical Society
420 Center St
Ashland, OH 44805

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. accessed 2/14/2017
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Ashland County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 30 October 2018.