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Guide to Fairfield County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).
County Facts
County seat: Lancaster
Organized: December 9, 1800[1]
Parent County(s): Ross, Washington[1]
Neighboring Counties
Licking  • Perry  • Hocking  • Pickaway  • Franklin
See County Maps
Courthouse
Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH fairfield.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.[2] It is located in the Mid-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fairfield County Courthouse
224 East Main Street PO Box 370
Lancaster, Ohio 43130-3842
Phone: 740-687-7030
Fairfield County Website

County Judge has birth records 1803-1907, marriage, death
and probate records; Clerk Court has divorce records from
1860 and court records from 1800;
County Recorder has land records from 1803[4]

Fairfield County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1803 1867 1800 1803 1803 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Fairfield County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 11,361
1820 16,633 46.4%
1830 24,786 49.0%
1840 31,924 28.8%
1850 30,264 −5.2%
1860 30,538 0.9%
1870 31,138 2.0%
1880 34,284 10.1%
1890 33,939 −1.0%
1900 34,259 0.9%
1910 39,201 14.4%
1920 40,484 3.3%
1930 44,010 8.7%
1940 48,490 10.2%
1950 52,130 7.5%
1960 63,912 22.6%
1970 73,301 14.7%
1980 93,678 27.8%
1990 103,461 10.4%
2000 122,759 18.7%
2010 146,156 19.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Franklin CountyLicking CountyPerry CountyHocking CountyPickaway CountyOH FAIRFIELD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Fairfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfield County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company F
- 114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies C, H, and K

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Fairfield County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Fairfield County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Fairfield County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Fairfield County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Columbus Metropolitan Library
96 S Grant Ave
Columbus, OH 43215
614-645-2275
Website

Fairfield County District Library
Main Library
219 N Broad St
Lancaster, OH 43130
740-653-2745
Website

Pickerington Public Library
201 Opportunity Way
Pickerington, OH 43147-1296
614-837-4104
Website

Wagnalls Memorial Library
150 E. Columbus Street
P.O. Box 217
Lithopolis, OH 43136
614-837-4765
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Georgian Museum
105 East Wheeling St
Lancaster, OH 43130
740-654-9923
Website

Sherman House
137 East Main St
Lancaster, OH 43130
740-687-5891 or 740-654-9923
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Fairfield County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
503 Lenwood Dr
Lancaster, OH 43130
740-653-2573
Website

The Fairfield County Heritage Association
Office located in the Georgian Museum
105 East Wheeling St
Lancaster, OH 43130
740-654-9923
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio accessed 2/16/2017
  3. http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/fairfield/ accessed 2/16/2017
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio, accessed 11 November 2018.