Glamorgan Guided Research - What else you can try
This page will give you additional guidance and resources to find birth information for your ancestor. Use this page after first completing the birth section of the Glamorgan Guided Research page. If researching after 1837, see Civil Registration.
Additional Records with Birth Information
Substitute records may contain information about more than one event and are used when records for an event are not available. Records that are used to substitute for birth events may not have been created at the time of the birth. The accuracy of the record is contingent upon when the information was recorded. Search for information in multiple substitute records to confirm the accuracy of these records.
|Use these substitute records to locate birth information about your ancestor:|
|Why to search the records|
|Go back to the Glamorgan Guided Research page, and click on "Death". Death and burial parish registers may include age at death, allowing researchers to calculate approximate birth years.|
|By 1851, 80% of the Welsh population was nonconformist. Nonconformist churches have baptism, marriage, and burial records.|
|Starting in 1837, birth registration lists the child's birth date and place, gender, father's name and occupation, and mother's full name. Marriage registration lists ages and father's names of the bride and groom. Death registration lists age at death, allowing the researcher to calculate approximate birth year.|
|Census records from 1841 onward give the age and birthplace of the recorded individuals, allowing researchers to discover birth places and calculate birth years. The 1911 census lists the number of children (alive and deceased) born to the couple.|
|Cemetery records, including tombstone inscriptions, usually list the deceased's birth date or age.|
|May contain birth and death notices and even obituaries. Death notices and obituaries may list the deceased's birth date or age.|
Tips for finding births
Successfully finding birth records in online databases depends on a few key points. Try the following search suggestions:
- Spelling variations. Your ancestor's name may be misspelled. Search with spelling variations for the first and last name of your ancestor.
- Search parents. Search for the parents, if known, as the child's first name may not be on the birth record.
- Search given name. Search by given name (leave out the last name) with the approximate date of birth.
- Patronymics. Before 1800, patronymics were often used; do a given name search instead of surname search. See Wales Personal Names for more information.
- Add information. For common names, add more information to narrow the search such as approximate birth date or parent's names if known.
- Date range. Expand the date range of the search by 5 years.
- Know county. Because of the abundance of common names, knowing the county is important to narrow down the search. Go to Finding the Wales County or Parish of Origin to learn how to find the county.
Why the Record May Not Exist
Known Record Gaps
Mandatory birth registration started in 1837. However, universal compliance did not occur until 1866. Before 1837, births and baptisms can be found in church records (mainly nonconformist records). Although the oldest baptism records date to 1538, most churches did not start recording baptisms until the 1600s.
Some church records may have been lost, destroyed, or damaged (especially in the 1500s and early 1600s). More specific information is not known. Civil registration records are generally complete.