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Guide to Champaign County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Urbana
Organized: 20 February 1805
Parent County(s): Franklin, Greene
Neighboring Counties
Logan  • Union  • Madison  • Clark  • Miami  • Shelby County
See County Maps
Courthouse
Champaign County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH champaign.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named from the French word for "open level country".[1]It's county seat is Urbana and was founded March 1, 1805. It is located in the West Central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Champaign County Courthouse
200 N. Main Street
Urbana, Ohio 43078

Champaign County Website
Phone: 937.653.2746

Champaign County Courthouse
200 N Main Street
Urbana, OH 43078
Phone: 937.653.2746

Probate Judge has birth, marriage and probate records.
County Health Department has death records.
County Auditor has burial records.
County Recorder has land records.
County Clerk has divorce and court records.[3]

Champaign County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1805 1867 1805 1806 1804 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1948 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Champaign County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 6,303
1820 8,479 34.5%
1830 12,131 43.1%
1840 16,721 37.8%
1850 19,782 18.3%
1860 22,698 14.7%
1870 24,188 6.6%
1880 27,817 15.0%
1890 26,980 −3.0%
1900 26,642 −1.3%
1910 26,351 −1.1%
1920 25,071 −4.9%
1930 24,103 −3.9%
1940 25,258 4.8%
1950 26,793 6.1%
1960 29,714 10.9%
1970 30,491 2.6%
1980 33,649 10.4%
1990 36,019 7.0%
2000 38,890 8.0%
2010 40,097 3.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Miami Valley Genealogy Index is an Index to more than a half million pointers to records all over Miami Valley including Champaign County.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Local History

  • Middleton, Evan P. History of Champaign County Ohio: its people, industries and institutions, Volume 1 (Indianapolis, Indiana B.F. Bowen, 1917) Digital version at Google Books.
  • Middleton, Evan P. History of Champaign County Ohio: its people, industries and institutions, Volume 2 (Indianapolis, Indiana B.F. Bowen, 1917) Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • A Centennial Biographical History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago, Illinois Lewis Publish Company, 1902) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archive.
  • Antrim, Joshua, The history of Champaign and Logan Counties, from their first settlement (Bellefontaine, Ohio Press Print. Co., 1872) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Shelby CountyLogan CountyUnion CountyMadison CountyClark CountyMiami CountyOH CHAMPAIGN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War, 1861-1865
Reportedly 3,235 men from Champaign County participated in the Civil War in some way.[6]

Civil War service men from Champaign County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Champaign County.

- 113th Regiment, Ohio Infantry , Companies E and K

http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~champaign/genealogy/military/civil.htm Roster of Soldiers who enlisted from Champaign County, Ohio, for service in the Armies of the United States during the war of 1861-1865, who died or were killed in the service.
List courtesy of Champaign County Historical Society.

Champaign County Military burials with many brief biographies at Find A Grave (11 records)

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Champaign County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Champaign County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Champaign County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

  • Champaign County Library Family History Center
  • Piqua Public Library Family History Center

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Champaign County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Champaign County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Champaign County Chapter, Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 682 . Urbana, OH 43078-0680Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champaign_County,_Ohio accessed 2/14/2017
  2. http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/champaign/ accessed 2/14/2017
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Champaign County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champaign_County,_Ohio, accessed 5 November 2018.
  6. Champaign County Historical Society, A History of Champaign County, p. 8.