To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here.

United States Civil War Military Organization

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Introduction[edit | edit source]

The Union Army Forces and Confederate Army Forces were organized in similar ways. Each had several regional armies.  Each army was divided into corps, divisions, regiments and battalions, companies, platoons, and squads.

Union Army[edit | edit source]

Union Army Forces had at least 16 Armies. [1] Each army was basically divided in the following ways: 1 Army = 2 to 4 Corps
1 Corps = 3 Divisions
1 Division = 3 Brigades
1 Brigade = 4 to 5 Regiments
1 Regiment/Battalion = 10 Companies (1,100 men & officers)
1 Company = 2 to 3 Platoons* (100 men & officers) *depending on military manual
1 Platoon = 5 Squads (5 men & 1 officer)[2]

The 16 Union armies[3] were:

  1. Army of the Cumberland
  2. The Frontier
  3. Georgia
  4. The Gulf
  5. Army of the James
  6. Kansas
  7. The Mississippi (there were several)
  8. The Mountain Department
  9. The Ohio
  10. Army of the Potomac
  11. Army of the Shenandoah
  12. The Southwest
  13. The Tennessee
  14. Army of Virginia
  15. Army of Occupation West Tennessee
  16. Army of West Virginia

Confederate Army[edit | edit source]

Confederate Army Forces had at least 23 Armies.[1] Each army was basically divided in the following ways:
1 Army = 2 to 4 Corps
1 Corps = 3 Divisions
1 Division = 4 to 5 Brigades
1 Brigade = 4 to 6 Regiments
1 Regiment/Battalion = 10 Companies (1,100 men & officers)
1 Company = 2 to 3 Platoons* (100 men & officers) *depending on military manual
1 Platoon = 5 Squads (5 men & 1 officer)[2]

The 23 Confederate armies[3] were:

  1. Army of Central Kentucky (Central Army of Kentucky)
  2. Army of East Tennessee (Army of Kentucky)
  3. Army of Eastern Kentucky
  4. Army of the Kanawha
  5. Army of Kentucky
  6. Army of Louisiana
  7. Army of Middle Tennessee
  8. Army of the Mississippi
  9. Army of Missouri
  10. Army of Mobile
  11. Army of New Mexico
  12. Army of Northern Virginia
  13. Army of the Northwest
  14. Army of the Peninsula
  15. Army of Pensacola
  16. Army of the Potomac
  17. Army of the Shenandoah
  18. The Southwestern Army
  19. Army of Tennessee
  20. The Trans-Mississippi Department (Southern Army - Trans-Mississippi Army)
  21. Vicksburg
  22. Army of the West
  23. Army of West Tennessee

Names of armies in parentheses are from The Armies of the Confederate States in the Civil War (accessed 13 September 2011).  This site also includes short histories of the armies.

Army Organization - Union and Confederate[edit | edit source]

Civil War Army Rank Insignias - Union and Confederate[edit | edit source]

Insignias are put on collars and sleeves to designate the rank of the person.

  • Civil War Rank Insignias has drawings of Confederate officers and enlisted rank insignias an Union officer and rank insignias.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mark Mayo Boatner III, The Civil War Dictionary, rev. ed. (New York: David McKay Company, c1988), p. 611.
  2. 2.0 2.1 National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 15 November 2010).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mark Mayo Boatner III, The Civil War Dictionary, rev. ed. (New York: David McKay Company, c1988), p. 25-26.