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United States Census Agricultural Schedules

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Availability[edit | edit source]

1850 - 1880 and for those states that took an 1885 Census. 

They can be found in a variety of archives, but very few have been filmed.  

How to Access

http://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation/

The Family History Library has very few.  To locate these, do a Place Search for the state, select the topic Census, and choose the census year.

Historical Background[edit | edit source]

An Agricultural Schedule was made in 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 and for those states that took an 1885 census.

 Content[edit | edit source]

Information about all farms in the United States, including:                         

  • Name of the owner, agent, or manager
  • Number of acres and cash value of the farm
  • Crops and other items produced
  • Number and value of livestock (horses, cattle, sheep, and swine)
  • Value of homemade manufactures

 Value[edit | edit source]

  • They help identify the land holdings of your ancestors.
          - The Population Schedule mentions the value of the land, while the Agricultural Schedule gives the acreage.
  • It shows each farm in relation to the neighboring farms and their owners.
         - This is especially helpful when land and tax records are missing.
         - Names of neighboring farmers help to distinguish between two people with the same name as you
                  search existing land and tax records.
  • For African American research, the 1850 and 1860 Agricultural Schedules help identify white overseers, Black sharecroppers,or track free Black men and their economic growth.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

Although few are indexed, Agricultural Schedules are arranged in the same order as the Population Schedules (list of residents).

Websites[edit | edit source]

National Archives:  [1]http://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation/

References[edit | edit source]

  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes.  (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.

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